Dems get set for 2020 starting gun

In politics, like comedy, timing is everything. Rush the punchline, spoil the joke. Bait an audience too long, and risk losing their attention.

The dozens of Democrats considering running for president in 2020 are pondering how, and when, to formally declare their candidacies, a seminal event that allows a campaign a moment of national media attention and buzz among donors, activists and volunteers crucial to long-term success.

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Interviews with half a dozen strategists advising potential candidates say the decision about how and when to launch a campaign has evolved rapidly in a changing media and political environment. And different types of candidates must use the announcement — their one moment when they alone control the message — in their own best interests.

Only one Democrat, Rep. John DelaneyJohn Kevin DelaneyThe Hill's Campaign Report: Stage set for next Democratic debate Delaney denies report staff asked him to drop out of 2020 race Biden, Harris set for second Democratic debate showdown MORE (Md.), has formally entered the race. But once the polls close on November’s midterm elections, the announcements are likely to come quickly.

“There will be a starting gun on the race as soon as this election is over,” an adviser to a likely 2020 candidate predicted. 

Half a century ago, candidates like Robert Kennedy waited until primaries were already underway to enter the race.

Rules changes meant to take the nominating process out of smoke-filled rooms at conventions mean candidates now must compete in every contest.

Bill ClintonWilliam (Bill) Jefferson ClintonNo presidential candidate can unite the country Lindsey Graham's Faustian bargain Military spending has many points of contention: Closing overseas bases isn't one of them MORE was able to wait until October 1991, just months before the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary, to enter the race. But now, the demands of fundraising and building a national organization mean candidates enter much earlier. 

Howard Dean, the politically unknown former governor of tiny Vermont, formed an exploratory committee well before the 2002 midterm elections and slowly built his opposition to the war in Iraq into an insurgent campaign that nearly captured the Democratic nomination.

John KerryJohn Forbes KerryJohn Kerry: Pressley's story 'more American than any mantle this president could ever claim' Schumer to donate Epstein campaign contributions to groups fighting sexual violence Trump threatens Iran with increased sanctions after country exceeds uranium enrichment cap MORE announced his own exploratory committee in an appearance on "Meet The Press" in December 2002, shortly after the midterms, and still more than a year before the first caucuses were held.

Barack ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaHealth care moves to center stage in Democratic primary fight Meghan McCain shares video of father shutting down supporter who called Obama an 'Arab' after Trump rally Poll: Majority of Democratic voters happy with their choices among 2020 contenders MORE hinted he was considering a run on the same show just weeks before the 2006 midterms, then formally declared his candidacy in February 2007. Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonPoll: Majority of Democratic voters happy with their choices among 2020 contenders No presidential candidate can unite the country GOP lawmakers speak out against 'send her back' chants MORE announced her two runs in videos posted online and sent to supporters, in January 2007 and in April 2015.

Some potential contenders are already enjoying the luxury of a national spotlight.

The fight over President TrumpDonald John TrumpCould Donald Trump and Boris Johnson be this generation's Reagan-Thatcher? Merkel backs Democratic congresswomen over Trump How China's currency manipulation cheats America on trade MORE’s Supreme Court nominee will put Sens. Amy KlobucharAmy Jean KlobucharThe Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants Biden, Harris set for second Democratic debate showdown Poll: McConnell is most unpopular senator MORE (D-Minn.) and Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisBiden leads, Warren and Sanders tied for second in new poll Analysis: Harris, Buttigieg and Trump lead among California donations The Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants MORE (D-Calif.) in focus as they question Judge Brett Kavanaugh when he appears before the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Sen. Cory BookerCory Anthony BookerBiden leads, Warren and Sanders tied for second in new poll The Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants Biden, Harris set for second Democratic debate showdown MORE (D-N.J.) has emerged as a zealous interrogator of witnesses appearing before committees on which he sits.

And Sens. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenWarren adds her pronouns to Twitter bio Biden leads, Warren and Sanders tied for second in new poll The Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants MORE (D-Mass.) and Bernie SandersBernie SandersBiden leads, Warren and Sanders tied for second in new poll Analysis: Harris, Buttigieg and Trump lead among California donations The Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants MORE (I-Vt.) attract media attention at will.

Others outside of Washington will have to work harder to raise their profiles. Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti (D) has drawn far more attention than the average big-city mayor.

Washington Gov. Jay Inslee (D) runs the Democratic Governors Association, which puts him in touch with big party donors. Montana Gov. Steve Bullock (D) on Saturday will become chairman of the National Governors Association, a perch from which other governors have launched presidential bids.

Several strategists advising candidates who do not hold federal office said their bosses will have to set up some type of federal campaign account, like an exploratory committee, in order to pay for the beginnings of a campaign.

Political action committees can pay for travel or contribute to candidates in states like Iowa and New Hampshire, but those outsiders do not have the luxury of a federal campaign account — like a senator or a member of Congress would have — to pay for staff, polling and the trappings of a more formal campaign.

Advisers to most major candidates say they will wait until after the midterm elections, so as not to appear to place their personal interests ahead of the party’s interests at a moment when they have a shot at reclaiming control of Congress.

“You want to not look like you’re doing it until you’re ready to say you’re doing it,” said one strategist advising a prominent potential candidate, who asked for anonymity because his boss had not made a final decision about running.

Candidates lay significant groundwork before they actually enter the race, hiring staff, lining up donors and traveling to early nominating states.

“Most candidates then and now are running way before they announce that they’re running,” said Joe Trippi, who ran Dean’s campaign in 2004. “The candidates that make the big mistake are the ones that say I’m not going to start running until I decide I’m running. Much better to start running until I decide I’m not.”

The announcement itself, though, represents a major moment for a campaign, one of the few times when a candidate is completely in control of the story. It is also the most opportune time for a candidate to build the most valuable tool in his or her arsenal: an email list that can be mined for donations and volunteers.

“Everyone is going to seize that moment through content they control in a way that helps them build their list,” said David Wade, a longtime adviser to Kerry.

Some candidates have used their more formal announcement speeches to deliver a message they hope sets the narrative for the campaign ahead. Obama’s announcement in 2007, on the steps of the Illinois state capital in Springfield, attracted a large crowd despite the frigid weather, showcasing his grass-roots support.

Sen. Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioRepublican lawmakers ask Trump not to delay Pentagon cloud-computing contract Overnight Defense: US shoots down Iranian drone | Pentagon sending 500 more troops to Saudi Arabia | Trump mulls Turkey sanctions | Trump seeks review of Pentagon cloud-computing contract EU official in Canada says he feels 'at home' there because no one was shouting 'send him back' MORE (R-Fla.) announced his 2016 bid at the Freedom Tower in downtown Miami, intending to show his roots as the son of Cuban immigrants.

This year, candidates are much more likely to make their case on social media, in carefully crafted videos aimed at going viral.

“Twenty years ago, 30 years ago, people waited, and an announcement itself was a unique opportunity for media attention. And that’s just completely been turned on its head, between social media, content that you can control,” Wade said. “The whole notion of a big formal ceremony is effectively gone.”

Candidates are likely to use the midterm elections both to campaign for fellow Democrats, to show activists they are helping the party and to help spin the election outcome in their own best interests.

A wave of Democratic wins could embolden progressives who would see those results as a ratification of a liberal pushback against President Trump.

A narrower win might provide a platform for a more centrist candidate who can pitch their appeal to rural or moderate voters in key Midwestern states the party lost in 2016.

“Are we running form a position of strength or weakness? And who do we most need to win over?” a third adviser to a potential candidate asked. “We’re all waiting for two things to happen: One, the midterms. Two, the Mueller investigation to get some White House scalps.”

The demands of a modern campaign, with months on the trail and countless hours on the phone with donors and activists, are likely to mean a wave of announcements in the two months between the midterms and the holidays.

“The earlier you go, the better. The longer you wait, it could be very risky. You might never get off the ground,” Trippi said.