Democrats debate how to defeat Trump: fight or heal

DES MOINES, Iowa — As Democratic presidential candidates debate the right approach to health care, immigration and taxing the wealthy, their policy disputes reflect an underlying disagreement over the tone and tenor the next president should take: Do primary voters want a fighter, or a unifier who can bring the nation together?
Stumping across this critical first-in-the-nation caucus state last week, the leading contenders’ answers to that question largely break along the same ideological lines that have defined the race for the past several months.
Buttigieg, addressing more than 12,000 Democratic activists in Des Moines last week, said he would end the “partisan warfare that we have come to accept from Washington, D.C.”
“I will not waiver from my commitment to our values or back down from the boldness of our ideas, but I also will not tire from the effort to include everyone in this future we are trying to build. Progressives, moderates and Republicans of conscience who are ready for a change,” Buttigieg said. “I will never allow us to get so wrapped up in the fight that we start to think the fighting is the point. The point is what’s on the other side of the fight.”
Sens. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenBiden on whether Sanders can unify party as nominee: 'It depends' Overnight Health Care — Presented by Philip Morris International — HHS has no plans to declare emergency over coronavirus | GOP senator calls for travel ban to stop outbreak | Warren releases plan to contain infectious diseases Biden lines up high-profile surrogates to campaign in Iowa MORE (D-Mass.) and Bernie SandersBernie SandersNew campaign ad goes after Sanders by mentioning heart attack Biden on whether Sanders can unify party as nominee: 'It depends' Steyer rebukes Biden for arguing with supporter he thought was Sanders voter MORE (I-Vt.), the leading progressives in the race, cast themselves as fighters ready, and willing, to take up a battle they say is already being waged by opposition Republicans.
“Anyone who comes on this stage and doesn’t understand that we are already in a fight is not the person who is going to win that fight,” Warren said, in an unspoken rebuttal of Buttigieg a half hour later. “Anyone who comes on this stage and tells you they can make change without a fight is not going to win that fight.”
The competing tonal approaches bleed into the policy realm, especially on health care. Buttigieg has cast Warren’s "Medicare for All" plan as a my-way-or-the-highway red line that will worsen partisan divisions. Warren has slammed those with more centrist plans as weak candidates who suffer from “fear and complacency.”
Biden, whose campaign is based on a premise of returning American politics to an earlier era of conciliation and bipartisanship, warns of a deeper threat that partisan divisions portend.
“If you can’t bring the country together, we’re in real, real, real trouble,” Biden told Iowa Democrats. “The next president is going to be the commander in chief of a world in disarray. There’s going to be no time for on-the-job training.”
Most of the lower-polling contenders such as Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisSanders allies in new uproar over DNC convention appointments Biden leads 2020 pack in congressional endorsements Harris on 2020 endorsement: 'I am not thinking about it right now' MORE (D-Calif.) and former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro have sided with Warren and Sanders, tonally if not ideologically, pledging to fight for those who are overlooked or left behind. The notable exceptions — Sens. Amy KlobucharAmy Jean KlobucharSanders opens up 15-point lead in New Hampshire: Poll Poll: 56 percent of Democrats say billionaire politicians more likely to cater to special interests Support for Biden, Sanders ticks up nationally: poll MORE (D-Minn.) and Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetBiden leads 2020 pack in congressional endorsements Sunday shows preview: Lawmakers prepare for week two of impeachment trial Impeachment throws curveball in Iowa to sidelined senators MORE (D-Colo.) — both pledged to act as unifiers.
Experts watching the race say the candidates are positioning themselves to send important messages to voters.
Bellicose rhetoric, common to political campaigns the world over, can be even more important for female candidates who are often perceived as being not as tough as male candidates, said Karen Kedrowski, the director of the Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women and Politics at Iowa State University.
“Especially for Warren and Klobuchar and Harris, they’re trying to navigate some pretty complicated gender dynamics,” Kedrowski said. “The race for the presidency is a really masculinist space.”
Buttigieg’s pledge to bring the country together may be in part aimed at voters who are concerned that, at 37, he is too young to serve as commander in chief.
“Buttigieg needs to show some serenity, that he’s not too young,” said David Yepsen, a longtime Iowa political analyst.
Historically, Democratic voters have favored candidates who are seen as unifiers. Accepting his party’s nomination, Barack ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaHouse Democrats push back on Trump's efforts to take credit for the economy America's 'cancel culture' should not decide business and banking regulation The Iowa Democratic caucuses, mapped MORE pledged to unite a war-torn nation through an “American promise that pushes us forward even when the path is uncertain.”
But this time around, some Democrats incensed by the first years of the Trump administration have concluded they need a new approach.
“As a rule as Democrats, we want conciliation, reconciliation,” said Judy Philbrook, a retired project manager in Indianola who backs Warren. “But I think with what’s been going on these last two and a half years, we have to be ready to fight.”
There are some signs that Democratic voters are still in the mood to stick with past patterns. A Fox News poll conducted in June found 23 percent of Democratic primary voters preferred a candidate who would “fight against extreme right-wing beliefs,” and 74 percent said they wanted a candidate who would unite Americans “around shared beliefs.” 
A quarter of Democrats said they wanted a candidate who would put forward a bold new agenda, while 72 percent said they preferred someone who would provide “steady, reliable leadership.”
The most capable Democratic candidate, several Iowa activists said this weekend, would be someone who strikes the balance between both factions.
“Politics unfortunately has just become so polarized,” said Crystal Schrader, who heads the Warren County Democratic Party. “I think it’s about figuring out a balance.”