Primaries in two Ohio special House elections Tuesday served as stress tests for the state of the Republican and Democratic parties as their respective ideological and establishment flanks clashed.
In a ruby-red district outside of Columbus, energy lobbyist Mike Carey, who was endorsed by former President TrumpDonald TrumpJulian Castro knocks Biden administration over refugee policy Overnight Energy & Environment — League of Conservation Voters — Climate summit chief says US needs to 'show progress' on environment Five takeaways from Arizona's audit results MORE, defeated a crowded primary field of about a dozen candidates. And in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County Democratic Party Chairwoman Shontel Brown bested progressive firebrand Nina Turner.
Here are five takeaways from the dual House primaries.
Trump scores a decisive victory after Texas setback
Trump scored a much-needed victory in the GOP primary in Ohio’s 15th Congressional District.
Carey won in a crowded field of about a dozen contenders based almost solely on Trump’s endorsement. Carey, a virtual unknown before winning the former president’s support in June, ultimately won by more than 20 points over his nearest competition.
A victory by Carey was sorely needed after Trump suffered a setback in a Texas special House runoff last week.
In that race, Susan Wright, who had the former president’s endorsement, lost to Jake Ellzey, another Republican who had the backing of the GOP establishment.
The loss set off a wave of questions about the power of Trump’s endorsement — one of his most critical political tools — and reportedly sparked recriminations within his inner circle.
In a sign Trump was eager to avoid back-to-back losses, his political groups made a $350,000 buy late last week on targeted text messages and digital and TV ads backing Carey.
While Trump’s endorsement was still hotly sought after by Republicans after Wright’s loss, Carey’s win will serve as a further reminder of the power of Trump’s backing and underscore his role as the de facto head of the GOP.
In his victory statement, Carey made sure to recognize Trump’s role in swaying the primary his way in a recognition of his influence among the party’s grassroots.
"Tonight, Republicans across Ohio’s 15th Congressional District sent a clear message to the nation that President Donald J. Trump is, without a doubt, the leader of our party. I could not be more grateful for his support, and I am proud to deliver this win to advance his America First agenda,” he said in a statement.
GOP figures besides Trump see limited sway
Several other figures besides Trump got involved in the 15th District’s GOP primary. Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulGOP political operatives indicted over illegal campaign contribution from Russian national in 2016 White House debates vaccines for air travel Senate lawmakers let frustration show with Blinken MORE (R-Ky.) marshaled his forces behind former state Rep. Ron Hood, while Steve StiversSteven (Steve) Ernst StiversTrump asks if Rand Paul has 'learned lesson' on endorsements Five takeaways from the Ohio special primaries Trump-backed Mike Carey wins GOP primary in Ohio special election MORE, the Republican who retired from the House seat in May, backed state Rep. Jeff LaRe. State Sen. Bob Peterson didn’t get as many national endorsements but hinged his campaign on a flood of more local-based backers.
However, those candidates barely broke 13 percent of the vote each.
The results not only show that Trump is by far the most popular figure in the GOP but also that he may be the only one who can parachute into a race and single-handedly lift a candidate’s prospects.
Despite their profiles nationally and in the district, neither Paul nor Stivers was able to lift their chosen candidate to even a competitive level in the House race.
The results also underscore the strong position Trump is in should he decide to launch a third White House bid in 2024.
Several polls show he would be the overwhelming favorite to win the GOP nomination in three years if he runs again even as an avalanche of other Republicans — including Paul, who ran in 2016 — are eyed as potential presidential contenders.
Another show of strength from the Dem establishment
Brown defeated Turner in the 11th District, giving the establishment flank of the Democratic Party a major win in its proxy battle against progressives in Cleveland.
While polling was relatively scarce in the primary, Turner was initially seen as the front-runner given her high name ID and support from progressive powerhouse figures like Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersDon't let partisan politics impede Texas' economic recovery The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Alibaba - Democrats argue price before policy amid scramble Overnight Energy & Environment — Presented by the League of Conservation Voters — EPA finalizing rule cutting HFCs MORE (I-Vt.) and Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-CortezAlexandria Ocasio-CortezDon't let partisan politics impede Texas' economic recovery Ocasio-Cortez explains 'present' vote on Iron Dome Dingell fundraises off Greene altercation on Capitol steps MORE (D-N.Y.).
Meanwhile, Brown was backed by various prominent members of the party’s establishment, including former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonDemocrats worry negative images are defining White House Heller won't say if Biden won election Whitmer trailing GOP challenger by 6 points in Michigan governor race: poll MORE and House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.).
Clyburn and the Congressional Black Caucus leadership traveled to Cleveland over the weekend to campaign on Brown’s behalf.
The Democratic congressman’s presence in the district was reminiscent of his involvement in last year’s Democratic presidential primary in South Carolina, where he galvanized support for then-candidate Joe BidenJoe BidenFighter jet escorts aircraft that entered restricted airspace during UN gathering Julian Castro knocks Biden administration over refugee policy FBI investigating alleged assault on Fort Bliss soldier at Afghan refugee camp MORE among the state’s Black voters.
Clyburn echoed Biden’s approach of compromise and moderation in an interview with CNN, drawing a contrast between Brown and Turner.
"We have to sit down, find common ground, reconcile the differences and move an agenda forward,” Clyburn told the network. “That's what this president is doing and that's why he's been so successful."
Brown’s victory in Cleveland follows a number of victories for the Democratic establishment over the past year in the Virginia Democratic gubernatorial primary, the New York City mayoral primary and special House elections in Louisiana’s 2nd District and New Mexico’s 1st District.
Progressive stars show limited influence
For progressives, Tuesday night marked a major loss.
Progressive leaders like Sanders and Ocasio-Cortez descended on the district last month, while liberal groups like Our Revolution and Democracy for America also worked to flex their muscles on the ground.
But that support was not enough for Turner, who was up against the full force of the Democratic establishment. Turner conceded to Brown just after 10 p.m.
"Tonight, my friends, we have looked across the promised land, but for this campaign, on this night, we will not cross the river," Turner told her supporters from the stage.
Turner, who previously worked as a co-chair for Sanders’s 2020 presidential campaign, is considered a rising star on the left. She garnered national attention due to her high name ID and early support from progressive leadership.
However, her critics warned throughout the campaign that Turner’s nationwide name ID and support among progressives outside of the Buckeye State should not be seen as an indicator of success.
“Once again, the pundits and the Twitterverse got it wrong, and Democratic voters picked the moderate, Shontel Brown, over the candidate ordained by the far left,” said Matt Bennett, the executive vice president of Third Way, a center-left think tank.
“After moderates prevailing in primaries and delivering Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiOn The Money — House pushes toward infrastructure vote US mayors, Black leaders push for passage of bipartisan infrastructure bill Lawmakers say innovation, trade rules key to small business gains MORE the gavel in 2018, Joe Biden’s trouncing of Bernie Sanders in 2020, and the victories of Melanie Stansbury (NM-01), Troy Carter (LA-02), Eric Adams (NYC mayor), Terry McAuliffe (VA governor), and now Shontel Brown, it’s time that the political classes got the message: Democratic voters want bold, principled, pragmatic leaders who can beat Trump Republicans and work with the Biden team to deliver big things for America,” he added.
Dem divisions on stark display
Cleveland served as a battleground for the national struggle between establishment and progressive Democrats, with Turner and Brown serving as the standard-bearers.
Many of Turner and Brown’s campaign priorities appeared to match up with those of the Biden administration, including a $15 federal minimum wage and making the child tax credit permanent. Additionally, Turner vocally supported "Medicare for All," while Brown’s campaign website says she will back a universal health care bill if it came to the House floor for a vote.
But the two candidates also often differed in their approaches to policy. When Clyburn endorsed Brown during an interview with The New York Times, he warned about the effect that slogans touted by progressives like “defund the police” could have on the party as a whole.
“What I try to do is demonstrate by precept and example how we are to proceed as a party,” Clyburn told the publication. “When I spoke out against sloganeering, like ‘Burn, baby, burn’ in the 1960s and ‘defund the police,’ which I think is cutting the throats of the party, I know exactly where my constituents are. They are against that, and I’m against that.”
Turner herself highlighted the divide within the party during her concession speech on Tuesday night.
“I am going to work hard to ensure that something like this doesn’t happen to another progressive candidate again. We didn't lose this race, evil money manipulated and maligned this election," she said.
Meanwhile, Sanders blasted the establishment’s involvement in the race over the weekend, pointing specifically to the outside money spent on Brown’s behalf.
"Why are they spending millions of dollars trying to defeat her?" Sanders told CNN. "The answer is obvious. They are afraid of her."