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Congress races to finish $1.2 trillion funding bill

Congress is on the verge of unveiling a $1.2 trillion government funding package that would provide the biggest increase to federal spending in years.

But some conservatives have balked at the price tag of the omnibus, while members from both parties are worried that leaders will attach controversial “poison pill” riders to the funding measure at the last minute.

Still, appropriators are hopeful that they will be able to resolve any outstanding issues and attract enough bipartisan support to avoid a government shutdown by Friday’s deadline.

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“The decisions that need to be made still — there’s a lot fewer of them,” Rep. Tom ColeThomas (Tom) Jeffrey ColeDemocratic women sound alarm on female unemployment House votes to kick Greene off committees over embrace of conspiracy theories LIVE COVERAGE: House debates removing Greene from committees MORE (R-Okla.), a senior appropriator, told reporters Thursday. “I think we’ll get there. It depends on this weekend.”

Lawmakers have been eager to unlock the major spending boosts that were provided by last month’s budget deal and break the cycle of temporary patches that have kept funding levels frozen since September.

The sweeping, two-year budget deal that Congress passed in February increases defense spending by $80 billion and nondefense spending by $63 billion for fiscal 2018.

Appropriators and their staff have been working around the clock to wrap up work on the funding package, which would fund the government through the end of September. The text of the measure is expected to be released Monday night.

The House is aiming to vote on the bill Wednesday, leaving the Senate just a few days to pass it and avoid a government shutdown on Friday at midnight.

Government funding briefly lapsed last month after Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulHouse approves George Floyd Justice in Policing Act Bipartisan group of senators introduces bill to rein in Biden's war powers House sets vote for George Floyd police reform bill MORE (R-Ky.) slowed down Senate proceedings over federal spending concerns.

Lawmakers have expressed confidence that there won’t be another government shutdown or a continuing resolution of funding this week.

“I think the real pressure here is probably from the defense hawks, who really went to get out of the cycle of [continuing resolutions] and sequesters,” Cole said. “So I think that actually pushes us through in some other areas that might normally cause you a problem.” 

But they aren’t out of the woods just yet.

Since the omnibus is one of the last legislative trains leaving the station before the midterm elections, members have been scrambling to attach a variety of pet issues to the bill, holding up its release.

One of the biggest outstanding issues is whether the omnibus will include more than $900 million for a rail and tunnel project that is critical to the Northeast corridor.

President TrumpDonald TrumpHouse passes voting rights and elections reform bill DEA places agent seen outside Capitol during riot on leave Georgia Gov. Kemp says he'd 'absolutely' back Trump as 2024 nominee MORE has threatened to veto the spending bill if it contains money for the multibillion dollar Gateway project, which is a top priority for Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerChuck SchumerSenate panel splits along party lines on Becerra House Democrats' ambitious agenda set to run into Senate blockade A Biden stumble on China? MORE (D-N.Y.). 

A group of House Republicans from New York and New Jersey met with Speaker Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanBoehner book jacket teases slams against Cruz, Trump CPAC, all-in for Trump, is not what it used to be Cruz hires Trump campaign press aide as communications director MORE (R-Wis.) on Wednesday to emphasize the importance of the project to their home states. While Ryan supports Gateway, he also pointed out the president’s opposition and urged lawmakers to work it out with the administration. 

New York Rep. Pete KingPeter (Pete) KingTop GOP lawmakers call for Swalwell to be removed from Intelligence Committee Republican Garbarino wins election to replace retiring Rep. Pete King Katko announces bid to serve as top Republican on Homeland Security panel MORE (R) said he spoke “extensively” with Trump during Thursday’s St. Patrick’s Day lunch about the topic, but hesitated to say whether the president has softened his stance.

“I’m optimistic that it will be in the omnibus bill,” Rep. Leonard LanceLeonard LanceThomas Kean wins GOP primary to take on Rep. Tom Malinowski Gun debate to shape 2020 races GOP fears Trump backlash in suburbs MORE (R-N.J.) told The Hill on Thursday.

A contentious dispute over abortion language — a perennial sticking point in the spending bill debate — has also stalled the omnibus. 

There has been talk of adding a bipartisan deal to stabilize ObamaCare to the spending measure. But Republicans are insisting that a rule known as the Hyde Amendment, which restricts federal money from being used to fund abortion and is included in annual spending bills, also be applied to any new funds aimed at lowering ObamaCare premiums.

Democrats are pushing back, arguing this would represent an expansion of the Hyde Amendment to a new area of funding, preventing the government from offering money to any insurance plan that offered abortion coverage at all.

With both sides at an impasse, it’s looking less likely that the funding bill will end up including any ObamaCare fixes. 

“Make no mistake: Republicans are saying they will only agree to lower Americans’ health costs if they can strip comprehensive health coverage away from millions of women at the same time,” Henry Connelly, a spokesman for House Democratic Leader Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiOn The Money: Democrats deals to bolster support for relief bill | Biden tries to keep Democrats together | Retailers fear a return of the mask wars Here's who Biden is now considering for budget chief Biden urges Democrats to advocate for rescue package MORE (Calif.), said in a statement Tuesday.

“Republicans are not asking to reiterate Hyde, they are trying to radically expand it to control how private insurers use private dollars.”

Another outstanding issue, according to Cole, is whether to include a so-called conscience protection clause, which would protect health-care workers who have religious or moral objections to abortion.  

Cole also said funding for Trump’s border wall was still “in play." 

Lawmakers have been lobbying leadership to attach a host of other issues to the omnibus, including an online sales tax measure, a narrow background check bill for gun purchases and an overhaul of Capitol Hill’s sexual harassment policy. 

But GOP leaders have been tightlipped about what provisions will make the final cut, though some lawmakers have dropped hints about the bill’s contents.

Rep. Bill ShusterWilliam (Bill) Franklin ShusterLobbying firm cuts ties to Trent Lott amid national anti-racism protests Ex-Rep. Frelinghuysen joins law and lobby firm Ex-Rep. Duffy to join lobbying firm BGR MORE (R-Pa.), chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, told The Hill that a four-month extension of the Federal Aviation Administration is likely to be included. The agency’s current legal authority expires at the end of March. 

Cole also suggested that the omnibus would significantly increase funding for school safety as part of their response to the mass shooting at a Florida high school last month.

And Republicans have largely shot down the idea of attaching a fix for an Obama-era immigration program to the omnibus.

But some conservatives have expressed concern that the funding package will end up leaning too far left, since GOP leaders know that a number of Republicans will be opposing the omnibus anyway.

Republican leaders will attach “anything that leans to the left because at this point I believe they are going to count on more Democrat votes than Republicans,” Rep. Mark WalkerBradley (Mark) Mark WalkerNorth Carolina GOP condemns Burr for impeachment vote against Trump Madison Cawthorn throws support behind Mark Walker in NC Senate primary Democrat Jeff Jackson jumps into North Carolina Senate race MORE (R-N.C.), chairman of the Republican Study Committee, told The Hill. 

“At this point, I’m going to have to struggle to get to yes. $63 billion over the [Budget Control Act] — man, that’s tough to ask. That’s a frustrating poison pill to swallow.”

Scott Wong and Peter Sullivan contributed.