Dems set up Tuesday vote to block Trump's emergency declaration

House Democrats are wasting no time in their effort to block President TrumpDonald John TrumpEsper sidesteps question on whether he aligns more with Mattis or Trump Warren embraces Thiel label: 'Good' As tensions escalate, US must intensify pressure on Iran and the IAEA MORE's emergency declaration at the southern border, scheduling a floor vote Tuesday on the disapproval resolution introduced Friday by Rep. Joaquin CastroJoaquin CastroThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by JUUL Labs - Trump attack on progressive Dems draws sharp rebuke Cummings: Treatment of young migrants is 'government-sponsored child abuse' 2020 Democrats vow to get tough on lobbyists MORE (D-Texas).

Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiHouse Democrat pushes for censuring Trump in closed-door meeting Trump: I don't have a racist bone in my body Ocasio-Cortez responds to fresh criticism from Trump MORE (D-Calif.) announced the plan Friday on a conference call with reporters, where she framed Trump's unilateral move as an "institutional assault" that defies the constitutionally dictated separation of powers and threatens the working of the country's democracy.

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"The president's act is lawless and does violence to our constitution and therefore to our democracy," she said. "We do not have a monarchy; we have a separation of powers in our country."

Castro's resolution, just one page long, would terminate Trump's emergency declaration, which aims to shift money from other programs to build the president's long promised border wall.

Castro, who was also on the call, said there are more than 225 co-sponsors on the bill, including one Republican, Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashSC Republican Mark Sanford considering primary challenge to Trump Democrats erupt over Trump attacks Juan Williams: GOP in a panic over Mueller MORE (Mich.).

He said Democrats will be seeking more GOP support when Congress returns to Washington next week after the weeklong President's Day recess.

"This isn't a situation where we've just been courting one side," Castro said.

Pelosi, who has sent letters to Republicans seeking their support, extended that invitation again Friday.

"I know they care about the Constitution of the United States; I know they care about the separation of powers and the coequal nature of the branches of government," she said. "What's really important is how they will vote on Tuesday."

Republicans, however, appear ready to oppose the resolution in overwhelming numbers. Despite some public GOP criticisms of the emergency declaration — particularly Trump's plan to shift $3.6 billion away from military construction projects around the country — Republican lawmakers have little incentive to buck their White House ally on his signature issue of border security.

Trump's declaration arrived last Friday, after Congress denied his request for $5.7 billion in new border wall funding in an enormous spending package. Trump signed the bill, which prevented a second government shutdown, but only reluctantly. His emergency declaration was an end-run around Congress to secure the funding for the "big beautiful" wall he'd promised during the 2016 campaign.

Castro, the chairman of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, said Trump's declaration — which the president argues is necessary to protect national security from what he has described as waves of migrants arriving at the southern border — is based on a false pretext.

"There is no emergency at the border," Castro said.

Pelosi piled on, saying Trump is acting, not because there's a true national emergency, but "to honor an applause line at a rally."

"Does the president have the right to do such a thing when there is a true emergency? Yes, he does. And if there is such an emergency ... we'd be right there with him," she said. "This is not what is happening now."

The resolution will go to the House Rules Committee on Monday, and then to the floor on Tuesday.

The resolution is "privileged," which means it's guaranteed a vote in the GOP-controlled Senate, where it would require a simple majority to pass.

Pelosi noted that the expedited nature of the resolution likely means the Senate will take up the House version without changes.

"We do not anticipate that there will be any amendments to it," she said.

It's unclear if Democrats in the upper chamber can win enough Republican support to pass the measure. Only one Republican in the upper chamber, Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsGOP put on the back foot by Trump's race storm GOP senator: 'Outrageous' to say Trump's tweets about Democratic congresswomen are racist Fox personalities blast Trump's remarks MORE (Maine), has vowed to vote for it, though several others facing tough reelection fights in 2020 are being watched closely.

If the resolution were to reach Trump's desk, the president has promised to veto it. Neither chamber is expected to have the two-thirds support to override that veto.

A number of states and outside groups have already sued the administration to block the emergency declaration. Pelosi on Friday declined to say how House Democrats will approach the court battle, either by filing a separate suit or piling on to an existing one.

"That remains to be seen," she said. "But there will be a challenge."