House passes bill to protect 'Dreamers'

The House voted Tuesday to protect so-called Dreamers and establish a path to citizenship for more than 2 million immigrants without legal status.

The Democratic-led chamber passed the Dream and Promise Act in a largely party line 237-187 vote, with seven Republicans joining all Democrats in voting for the bill.

Supporters in the gallery broke out into cheers of "Sí se puede!" when the tally reached the necessary simple majority of 218 in favor.

"That was good," said Rep. Raúl Grijalva (D-Ariz.), walking off the House floor.

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The bill would grant permanent residency with a path to citizenship to more than 2 million immigrants across three categories: It would permanently protect from deportation Dreamers – immigrants who came to the country illegally as children – as well as certain recipients of the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) programs.

TPS and DED are programs that grant work permits and protect from deportation citizens of certain countries that have undergone natural or man-made disasters.

The bill's supporters cheered its passage, as immigration advocates have been trying to pass elements of the bill for the better part of two decades.

Still, it's unlikely the bill will see a vote in the GOP-led Senate, as the White House announced Monday it "strongly opposes" the measure.

The White House Office of Management and Budget argued the bill "would incentivize and reward illegal immigration while ignoring and undermining key Administration immigration objectives and policy priorities, such as protecting our communities and defending our borders."

Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC) Chairman Rep. Joaquin CastroJoaquin CastroMinority lawmakers gain unprecedented clout amid pandemic The Hill's Campaign Report: Biden leads Trump by 6 points in new poll Warren announces slate of endorsements including Wendy Davis and Cornyn challenger Hegar MORE (D-Texas) said that even without a Senate vote, the bill will serve a political purpose as Democrats push back on immigration moves by the Trump administration.

"I mean, the Senate is tough. But we're going to do everything we can to push them to move on it. And even if they don't move on it immediately, it holds it in place for larger negotiations for comprehensive immigration reform," Castro said.

"At worst, this is a ready-made piece for further negotiation on a larger immigration package," he added.

But Republicans, even those supportive of the bill, resent the way Democratic leadership pushed forward the proposal.

"I voted for every version of this in the past, so I'll vote for this. But the sad part is that they did it in a way to guarantee that it doesn't become law. And that's a real shame, because you could get bipartisan support for something on this. But they went out of their way to make sure that it doesn't get bipartisan support, therefore it has no chance of even getting negotiated," said Rep. Mario Diaz-BalartMario Rafael Diaz-BalartHillicon Valley: Uber lays off 3,000 | FBI unlocks Pensacola shooter's phones | Lawmakers introduce bill restricting purchase of airline equipment from Chinese companies Bipartisan bill would restrict purchases of airport equipment from Chinese companies Red-state cities get cool reception from GOP on relief aid MORE (R-Fla.), an ardent supporter of comprehensive immigration reform.

Rep. Dan NewhouseDaniel (Dan) Milton NewhouseGOP lawmaker introduces bipartisan guest worker bill Overnight Energy: Murkowski, Manchin unveil major energy bill | Lawmakers grill EPA chief over push to slash agency's budget | GOP lawmaker accuses Trump officials of 'playing politics' over Yucca Mountain GOP lawmaker accuses administration of 'playing politics' with Yucca Mountain reversal MORE, a Washington Republican who said he was on the fence shortly before the vote, said the bill could help jump-start the immigration debate.

"There's a lot of people that want to advance the issue, and we've not been able to do that. And even though this bill is not what we would have written — it's got some things that people are not liking — I think there's — there's going to be a few people that probably support it, different Republicans, given that you would sort of pressure the Senate to take it on," said Newhouse, who supported the push for a bipartisan agreement in 2017.

In total, seven Republicans voted for the final bill Tuesday. Along with Díaz-Balart and Newhouse, Reps. Don Bacon (Neb.), Brian FitzpatrickBrian K. FitzpatrickGun control group rolls out House endorsements House Democrats make initial ad buys in battleground states Bipartisan Senate group offers new help to state, local governments MORE (Pa.), Will HurdWilliam Ballard HurdThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump visits a ventilator plant in a battleground state The Hill to interview Mnuchin today and many other speakers The Hill's Coronavirus Report: Mastercard CEO Ajay Banga says supporting small business single most important thing we should do now; Teva's Brendan O'Grady says U.S. should stockpile strategic reserve in drugs like Strategic Oil Reserve MORE (Texas), Christopher Smith (N.J.) and Fred UptonFrederick (Fred) Stephen UptonBipartisan Senate group offers new help to state, local governments Bipartisan bill aims to help smallest businesses weather the coronavirus crisis Lawmakers press HHS for answers on coronavirus drug distribution MORE (Mich.) all voted for the measure.

Unlike with other recent immigration reform efforts, proponents of the bill made a conscious decision not to tie in enhanced immigration enforcement or border security.

That decision revealed some rifts among immigration reform proponents, with those on the left demanding fewer limitations for beneficiaries based on alleged criminal behavior and those on the right demanding more enforcement and border security measures to attract Republican votes.

Despite friction among activists, Democrats walked out of the committee process with cohesive caucus support for the bill.

"The language is reflective of where our caucus is. And I think it's definitely a more refined version of what we've had in the past. We're being sensitive to members' needs and that's reflected in the bill," said Rep. Pete AguilarPeter (Pete) Ray AguilarDozens of Democrats plan to vote remotely in a first for the House Biden rolls out over a dozen congressional endorsements after latest primary wins Biden rise calms Democratic jitters MORE (D-Calif.), who was the chief Democratic negotiator in the last bipartisan immigration reform push.

Democrats were mostly concerned that Republicans would successfully introduce a poison pill in the legislation with a parliamentary measure known as a motion to recommit, where the opposition is allowed to propose a last-minute amendment.

Democrats discussed in their caucus conference Tuesday various options on what amendments Republicans could propose, based on their proposals in committee, and planned several quick-reaction scenarios for the floor vote.

Updated: 7:55 p.m.