House passes bill to protect 'Dreamers'

The House voted Tuesday to protect so-called Dreamers and establish a path to citizenship for more than 2 million immigrants without legal status.

The Democratic-led chamber passed the Dream and Promise Act in a largely party line 237-187 vote, with seven Republicans joining all Democrats in voting for the bill.

Supporters in the gallery broke out into cheers of "Sí se puede!" when the tally reached the necessary simple majority of 218 in favor.

"That was good," said Rep. Raúl Grijalva (D-Ariz.), walking off the House floor.

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The bill would grant permanent residency with a path to citizenship to more than 2 million immigrants across three categories: It would permanently protect from deportation Dreamers – immigrants who came to the country illegally as children – as well as certain recipients of the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) programs.

TPS and DED are programs that grant work permits and protect from deportation citizens of certain countries that have undergone natural or man-made disasters.

The bill's supporters cheered its passage, as immigration advocates have been trying to pass elements of the bill for the better part of two decades.

Still, it's unlikely the bill will see a vote in the GOP-led Senate, as the White House announced Monday it "strongly opposes" the measure.

The White House Office of Management and Budget argued the bill "would incentivize and reward illegal immigration while ignoring and undermining key Administration immigration objectives and policy priorities, such as protecting our communities and defending our borders."

Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC) Chairman Rep. Joaquin CastroJoaquin CastroJulián Castro endorses Rep. Cuellar's primary opponent in Texas Harris, Castro introduce resolution condemning Trump aide Stephen Miller As Mexico abuses migrants under Trump's orders, where is Congress? MORE (D-Texas) said that even without a Senate vote, the bill will serve a political purpose as Democrats push back on immigration moves by the Trump administration.

"I mean, the Senate is tough. But we're going to do everything we can to push them to move on it. And even if they don't move on it immediately, it holds it in place for larger negotiations for comprehensive immigration reform," Castro said.

"At worst, this is a ready-made piece for further negotiation on a larger immigration package," he added.

But Republicans, even those supportive of the bill, resent the way Democratic leadership pushed forward the proposal.

"I voted for every version of this in the past, so I'll vote for this. But the sad part is that they did it in a way to guarantee that it doesn't become law. And that's a real shame, because you could get bipartisan support for something on this. But they went out of their way to make sure that it doesn't get bipartisan support, therefore it has no chance of even getting negotiated," said Rep. Mario Diaz-BalartMario Rafael Diaz-BalartOn The Money: Lawmakers strike spending deal | US, China reach limited trade deal ahead of tariff deadline | Lighthizer fails to quell GOP angst over new NAFTA House passes bill that would give legal status to thousands of undocumented farmworkers House passes stopgap as spending talks stall MORE (R-Fla.), an ardent supporter of comprehensive immigration reform.

Rep. Dan NewhouseDaniel (Dan) Milton NewhouseWe need to prevent food waste at school Democrats launch bilingual ad campaign off drug pricing bill On The Money: Lawmakers strike spending deal | US, China reach limited trade deal ahead of tariff deadline | Lighthizer fails to quell GOP angst over new NAFTA MORE, a Washington Republican who said he was on the fence shortly before the vote, said the bill could help jump-start the immigration debate.

"There's a lot of people that want to advance the issue, and we've not been able to do that. And even though this bill is not what we would have written — it's got some things that people are not liking — I think there's — there's going to be a few people that probably support it, different Republicans, given that you would sort of pressure the Senate to take it on," said Newhouse, who supported the push for a bipartisan agreement in 2017.

In total, seven Republicans voted for the final bill Tuesday. Along with Díaz-Balart and Newhouse, Reps. Don Bacon (Neb.), Brian FitzpatrickBrian K. FitzpatrickDemocrats bullish on bill to create women's history museum: 'It's an election year' This week: Trump's budget lands with a thud on Capitol Hill House approves pro-union labor bill MORE (Pa.), Will HurdWilliam Ballard HurdGun control group plans to spend million in Texas in 2020 Trump to attend California fundraiser with Oracle chairman The Hill's Morning Report - Nearing witness vote, GOP rushes to acquit Trump MORE (Texas), Christopher Smith (N.J.) and Fred UptonFrederick (Fred) Stephen UptonOvernight Health Care — Presented by Partnership for America's Health Care Future — Democrats seek to preempt Trump message on health care | E-cigarette executives set for grilling | Dems urge emergency funding for coronavirus Democrats slam GOP on drug prices in bilingual digital ads Lawmakers discuss how to work together in midst of impeachment fight MORE (Mich.) all voted for the measure.

Unlike with other recent immigration reform efforts, proponents of the bill made a conscious decision not to tie in enhanced immigration enforcement or border security.

That decision revealed some rifts among immigration reform proponents, with those on the left demanding fewer limitations for beneficiaries based on alleged criminal behavior and those on the right demanding more enforcement and border security measures to attract Republican votes.

Despite friction among activists, Democrats walked out of the committee process with cohesive caucus support for the bill.

"The language is reflective of where our caucus is. And I think it's definitely a more refined version of what we've had in the past. We're being sensitive to members' needs and that's reflected in the bill," said Rep. Pete AguilarPeter (Pete) Ray AguilarDCCC unveils initial dozen candidates for 'Red to Blue' program Senate removes 'white nationalist' from measure to screen military enlistees: report Hispanic Caucus dedicates Day of the Dead altar to migrants who died in US custody MORE (D-Calif.), who was the chief Democratic negotiator in the last bipartisan immigration reform push.

Democrats were mostly concerned that Republicans would successfully introduce a poison pill in the legislation with a parliamentary measure known as a motion to recommit, where the opposition is allowed to propose a last-minute amendment.

Democrats discussed in their caucus conference Tuesday various options on what amendments Republicans could propose, based on their proposals in committee, and planned several quick-reaction scenarios for the floor vote.

Updated: 7:55 p.m.