The House Judiciary Committee advanced legislation on Tuesday to prevent high-risk people from having guns and ban high-capacity ammunition magazines as Democrats seek to dial up pressure on Senate Republicans to respond to a string of mass shootings this summer.
House Democrats moved swiftly to advance three gun control measures after returning from a six-week summer recess, during which a series of mass shootings left dozens of people dead in Gilroy, Calif.; Dayton, Ohio; El Paso, Texas; and Odessa, Texas.
The Judiciary Committee advanced all three measures along party lines.
The first bill would authorize grants incentivizing states to establish so-called "red flag" laws that allow family members or law enforcement to petition a judge to temporarily take away a gun from a person considered a threat to themselves or others. Another measure would prohibit people convicted of misdemeanor hate crimes from possessing firearms.
The third bill would ban magazines with a capacity of holding more than 10 rounds of ammunition.
Multiple members of the committee have personally lost family members to gun violence or represent communities affected by recent mass shootings.
"I know the pain of losing a child to gun violence," said freshman Rep. Lucy McBathLucia (Lucy) Kay McBathAnti-abortion group targets Democrats ahead of 2022 Moderates revolt on infrastructure in new challenge for Pelosi Everytown recruiting gun violence survivors to run for office MORE (D-Ga.), whose son was shot and killed in 2012. "And not anyone in this room, anyone in this country, should ever be faced with that pain."
"Inaction is unacceptable. And today we are acting to help those in crisis," McBath said.
The bill to prohibit high-capacity magazines was first introduced in February by Rep. Ted DeutchTheodore (Ted) Eliot DeutchNew podcast pairs lawmakers with entertainment figures House Ethics panel reviewing Rep. Malinowski's stock trades Senate Intel chair vows 'tough but necessary questions' on Afghanistan collapse MORE (D-Fla.), whose district includes Parkland, Fla., where 17 people died in a 2018 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.
Deutch noted that the Parkland shooter fired more than 150 rounds in six minutes.
"If this gunman was limited to ten-round magazines, some of those students may have survived that horrible day," Deutch said. "We need to act today so that we don't keep breaking the record for the next worst mass shooting in American history."
Republicans on the panel voted against the red-flag measure after offering a string of amendments over the course of more than two hours, citing concerns about due process for people considered high risk.
"I stand ready to work with you on sensible solutions that actually could prevent these atrocities," said Rep. Doug CollinsDouglas (Doug) Allen CollinsLoeffler meets with McConnell amid speculation of another Senate run Georgia agriculture commissioner launches Senate campaign against Warnock Poll shows tight GOP primary for Georgia governor MORE (Ga.), the panel's top Republican. "What I am not willing to do is support legislation that will not do anything to make us safer and simultaneously infringes on the rights and liberties guaranteed by our Constitution."
Collins argued that the legislation should do more to address what's driving people to be considered a risk to society.
"It does nothing to address the person's possible illnesses or instabilities, even though the court has just determined him or her dangerous enough to be stripped of a fundamental constitutional right. I suppose we should all just hope and pray such dangerous individuals don't have access to any other things that would allow them to harm themselves. If they do, then this is sort of a waste of time," Collins said.
Tuesday’s vote comes as Democrats push for action on a bill to expand background checks in the GOP-led Senate, but lawmakers are struggling to move legislation forward without a signal from President TrumpDonald TrumpTrump takes shot at new GOP candidate in Ohio over Cleveland nickname GOP political operatives indicted over illegal campaign contribution from Russian national in 2016 On The Money — Dems dare GOP to vote for shutdown, default MORE as to what he'd be willing to sign into law.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellGOP political operatives indicted over illegal campaign contribution from Russian national in 2016 McConnell privately urged GOP senators to oppose debt ceiling hike On The Money — Dems dare GOP to vote for shutdown, default MORE (R-Ky.) reiterated Tuesday -- the first full day back in session from the lengthy summer recess -- that he is waiting for the White House to offer a proposal before making a decision on how to proceed with gun-related measures.
A bipartisan group of senators has been in discussions with the White House about gun legislation, but Trump has sent mixed signals in recent weeks about what he might support.
"They are working on coming up with a proposal that the president will sign. Until that happens, all of this is theatrics,” McConnell said after a Senate GOP lunch with Eric Ueland, director of the White House’s Office of Legislative Affairs.
McConnell said it would be a futile exercise to move forward without a sense of what Trump would sign into law.
“So we do in fact await word from the White House about what the president is willing to sign. That's important to a lot of my members. It also, at the risk of repeating a history lesson, is the only way we will get a law,” McConnell said.
Democrats also plan to hold a hearing Sept. 25 on an assault weapons ban. But the bill's sponsor, Rep. David CicillineDavid CicillineHillicon Valley —Apple is not a monopoly, judge rules Judge rules Apple is not 'illegal monopolist' in high-profile Epic case Democrats' Jan. 6 subpoena-palooza sets dangerous precedent MORE (D-R.I.), acknowledged the legislation doesn't yet have the votes to pass.
Cicilline’s bill to ban assault weapons currently has 211 cosponsors, which is seven short of the 218 votes needed to pass on the House floor.
Most of the Democratic holdouts on the bill hail from competitive swing districts where gun restrictions may be less popular.
“So we're not at 218 yet, but we're making progress,” Cicilline said.
Still, public polling shows majority support for an assault weapons ban, in addition to more widespread approval of proposals like the bills advanced by the Judiciary Committee on Tuesday.
An NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist poll released Tuesday found that 57 percent of respondents support banning the sale of assault weapons.
Slightly more -- 61 percent -- back the idea of banning high-capacity magazines, while 72 percent support allowing police or family members to request a judge temporarily take away guns from a person considered a danger to themselves or others.
A total of 83 percent support requiring background checks at gun shows and other private sales. House Democrats passed a bill earlier this year to establish universal background checks -- including at gun shows and private sales -- but that bill has since languished in the Senate.
Rep. Mike ThompsonCharles (Mike) Michael ThompsonVirginia Democrat introduces tax credit for electric commercial vehicles House Democrats introduce bill to close existing gun loopholes and prevent mass shootings Giffords group unveils gun violence memorial on National Mall MORE (D-Calif.), chairman of the Democrats' task force on gun violence prevention, all but dismissed the Senate efforts to draft new gun bills, seeking instead to keep the pressure on McConnell to take up the House-passed background check expansion.
"What we have to do at this point is get the Senate to take up and pass the background check bill," Thompson said. "That bill saves lives right away. You don't have to do any more than that."
Mike Lillis contributed.
Updated: 9:59 p.m.