Democrats' impeachment message leads to plenty of head-scratching

Democrats' impeachment message leads to plenty of head-scratching
© Greg Nash

House Democrats ramping up their oversight of President TrumpDonald John TrumpLev Parnas implicates Rick Perry, says Giuliani had him pressure Ukraine to announce Biden probe Saudi Arabia paid 0 million for cost of US troops in area Parnas claims ex-Trump attorney visited him in jail, asked him to sacrifice himself for president MORE have made a muddle of their impeachment message.

While party leaders have spent much of the summer outlining their investigative strategy in painstaking repetition, there remains widespread disagreement — even confusion — about whether the effort should be considered the start of the impeachment process.

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Speaking with reporters and appearing on cable news shows, top Democrats on the Judiciary Committee have variably referred to an impeachment inquiry, an impeachment investigation and an impeachment process, while Chairman Jerrold NadlerJerrold (Jerry) Lewis NadlerMcConnell locks in schedule for start of impeachment trial Pelosi: Trump's impeachment 'cannot be erased' House to vote Wednesday on sending articles of impeachment to Senate MORE (D-N.Y.) churned plenty of headlines last month when he characterized his panel's investigation as "formal impeachment proceedings."

Meanwhile, Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiOvernight Defense: GAO finds administration broke law by withholding Ukraine aid | Senate opens Trump trial | Pentagon to resume training Saudi students soon Hillicon Valley: FBI to now notify state officials of cyber breaches | Pelosi rips 'shameful' Facebook | 5G group beefs up lobby team | Spotify unveils playlists for pets Hill.TV's Saagar Enjeti on impeachment: 'CNN can see through this nonsense' MORE (D-Calif.) and her top lieutenants have taken care to avoid any overt references to impeachment, a concept that remains underwater when it comes to public support across the country.

"We have had an investigation ... for a very long time," Pelosi told reporters in the Capitol on Monday when asked about impeachment.

The irregular branding has confused some lawmakers, perplexed the media and jumbled the party's oversight message as Congress heads into the thick of the 2020 presidential cycle — a dynamic even some Democratic leaders have begun to acknowledge.

"I think there's definitely some confusion because people are using different language," Rep. David CicillineDavid Nicola CicillineLiving in limbo may end for Liberians in the US Five tech stories to watch in 2020 Democratic senators tweet photos of pile of House-passed bills 'dead on Mitch McConnell's desk' MORE (R.I.), the head of the Democrats' messaging arm, said Tuesday.

"Some people will continue to call it an inquiry. Some people call it a proceeding. Some people call it an impeachment investigation," he added. "But I think hopefully it will be clear that the Judiciary Committee is hard at work to determine whether or not to recommend articles of impeachment."

Judiciary leaders contend they've been consistent in their approach, noting that they've repeatedly cited the possibility of impeachment in recent court filings seeking disputed documents and witness testimony from the uncooperative administration.

"I think that we've been clear in court, given our right to do oversight," said Rep. Zoe LofgrenZoe Ellen LofgrenThe Hill's Morning Report - Dems to lay out impeachment case to senators next week Seven things to know about the Trump trial House delivers impeachment articles to Senate MORE (D-Calif.). "One of the remedies that the legislative branch has is impeachment; it's also oversight."

And Nadler also defended his messaging, suggesting the language surrounding the investigations is less important than their effectiveness in holding the administration to account for alleged misconduct.

"We have been involved since June or July in an investigation looking toward the possibility of voting on articles of impeachment," Nadler told reporters in the Capitol on Monday evening. "You can call it an impeachment inquiry. You can call it an investigation. It's the same thing."

The impeachment debate and the semantic games surrounding it have highlighted the ideological divisions within the diverse Democratic caucus, which leans heavily to the left but owes its majority to the centrist lawmakers who flipped Republican-held seats in last year's midterms.

It also underscores the balancing act party leaders are attempting as they seek to invigorate a liberal base clamoring for impeachment while protecting the moderates facing tough reelections next year.

If there's one advantage to the muddled message, it's that party leaders can assure both liberals and moderates that they're on their side.

"I believe that the leadership is trying really hard to make sure that we ... [don't] limit or undermine our own opportunity in the elections," said Rep. Maxine WatersMaxine Moore WatersGearing up for a chaotic year on K Street Maxine Waters: Republicans 'shielding' Trump 'going to be responsible for dragging us to war' Green says House shouldn't hold impeachment articles indefinitely MORE (D-Calif.), a vocal impeachment supporter.

"We're just going to continue to do our work. I don't know where that takes us," she added.

Behind Nadler, Democrats on the Judiciary Committee are hoping this week to expand the panel's investigative powers by adopting a series of procedural changes governing the Trump probe. The changes, scheduled for a committee vote Thursday, would allow Nadler to designate any hearing a part of the broader investigation. They would also empower committee staff to interview witnesses for longer stretches than lawmakers are allowed under current rules.
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Rep. Madeleine DeanMadeleine DeanThe Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by AdvaMed — House panel delays impeachment vote until Friday Judiciary Committee abruptly postpones vote on articles of impeachment Impeachment inquiry enters critical new phase MORE (D-Pa.), a freshman member of the committee, said the changes would provide both clarity and efficiency to the investigation.

"It couldn't be more important than to hold this president accountable for his extraordinary corruption and wrongdoing," she said. "By setting up these procedures and being so clear, it signals to the courts ... what we're doing. And it will expedite things."

Yet even the proposed procedural reforms created some confusion surrounding the Democrats' intentions. Some impeachment activists were quick to praise the changes as a shift toward formalizing the impeachment process.

“The decision by Chairman Nadler and the House Judiciary Committee to move forward with the initial steps of a formal impeachment inquiry marks a pivotal moment in the historic fight to hold Donald Trump accountable," said Nathaly Arriola, executive director of Need to Impeach, the anti-Trump group founded by billionaire environmentalist Tom SteyerTom Fahr SteyerOn The Money — Presented by Wells Fargo — Senate approves Trump trade deal with Canada, Mexico | Senate Dems launch probe into Trump tax law regulations | Trump announces Fed nominees Steyer proposes cuts for low- and middle-income families' taxes Warren to Sanders: 'I think you called me a liar on national TV' MORE.

But Nadler rejected the notion that the changes mark a step toward impeachment.

"It doesn't change things. What it does is it provides specific procedures to continue with that investigation," he said. "We have told the courts and we've said in the hearings that we are examining the various malfeasances of the president, with the possibility of recommending articles of impeachment in the House. That is what an impeachment inquiry is."

Cicilline said he's hoping the procedural moves do more than expand the scope of the Judiciary probe but also clear up some of the confusion surrounding the Democrats' impeachment plans.

"One of the objectives of Thursday is to make it very clear that the Judiciary Committee is actively engaged in a proceeding to determine whether or not to recommend articles of impeachment of the president to the full House," he said.

Meanwhile, liberal impeachment supporters are pressing leaders on and off the Judiciary Committee to adopt a more aggressive approach to holding Trump accountable for allegations of wrongdoing.

"The corruption of this president knows no bounds, and in order to protect our democracy, we have to impeach him," Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-CortezAlexandria Ocasio-CortezAyanna Pressley's 'squad' of congresswomen offers support after she opens up about alopecia Here are the 10 senators who voted against Trump's North American trade deal Artist paints Michelle Obama, other women as battered in campaign against domestic violence MORE (D-N.Y.) said Tuesday.

Ocasio-Cortez said it's Republicans, not Democrats, who have the most to fear in terms of political fallout if the process gets started.  

"Once the House impeaches, the House has impeached the president," she said. "Then I want to see every Republican go on the record and knowingly vote against impeachment of this president, knowing his corruption, having it on the record so that they can have that stain on their careers for the rest of their lives."

"Because this is outrageous," she added.

Cristina Marcos contributed.