Dramatic testimony from U.S. diplomats working in Ukraine have significantly raised the stakes for this week’s impeachment inquiry appearance from Gordon SondlandGordon SondlandThe Hill's 12:30 Report - Biden to mark Tuesday anniversary of George Floyd's death Trump impeachment witness suing Pompeo, State over legal fees America's practice of 'pay-to-play' ambassadors is no joke MORE, the mega-donor to President TrumpDonald TrumpTrump criticizes Justice for restoring McCabe's benefits Biden: Those who defy Jan. 6 subpoenas should be prosecuted Hillicon Valley — Presented by LookingGlass — Hackers are making big money MORE who is now the U.S. ambassador to the European Union.
Sondland is expected to come under tough questioning from Democrats and Republicans on the House Intelligence Committee on Wednesday after shifting his initial statement in the inquiry to acknowledge it was his belief that Trump linked Ukrainian security assistance to that country announcing investigations into former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenJill Biden campaigns for McAuliffe in Virginia Fill the Eastern District of Virginia Biden: Those who defy Jan. 6 subpoenas should be prosecuted MORE and his son Hunter.
Testimony last week from William Taylor, the top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, has also put a new spotlight on Sondland. Taylor testified that one of his staffers overheard Sondland speaking with Trump about the desired investigations into Biden and 2016 election interference.
The staffer, David Holmes, then testified about what he heard to House lawmakers in a closed-door deposition on Friday. In his opening statement, first reported by CNN, Holmes said that he heard Trump ask if Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky is "gonna do the investigation," to which Sondland replied that Zelensky will do "anything you ask him to."
Tim Morrison, the top Russia adviser on the White House National Security Council, also revealed in closed-door testimony unveiled over the weekend that Sondland said he was getting direction from Trump to push for the investigations. He will take the stand the day before Sondland, adding pressure on the ambassador to clear up his side of the story.
Democrats have expressed unhappiness with Sondland’s changing story and questioned his credibility.
"I think he shaves a lot of truth from his answers, and I think he's going to have to pay for it. He certainly is going to have to come in and try and rehabilitate himself. But there's probably going to be questions on both sides of the aisle as to whether or not he's capable of telling the truth," said Rep. Jackie SpeierKaren (Jackie) Lorraine Jacqueline SpeierJimmy and Rosalynn Carter celebrate 75th anniversary, longest-married presidential couple Military braces for sea change on justice reform House panel plans mid-July consideration of military justice overhaul MORE (D-Calif.), an Intelligence Committee member.
Republicans may do little to defend the ambassador, who is one of the few witnesses who has spoken directly to Trump about the aid to Ukraine.
Rep. Mark MeadowsMark MeadowsBiden: Those who defy Jan. 6 subpoenas should be prosecuted Ethics watchdog accuses Psaki of violating Hatch Act The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Altria - Jan. 6 panel flexes its muscle MORE (R-N.C.), a top Trump ally who sat in on Sondland’s deposition as a member of the House Oversight and Reform Committee, described Sondland as “the wild card for everybody.”
“They're all wondering what Sondland's going to say and how he's going to say it,” Meadows said.
GOP lawmakers have repeatedly faulted impeachment witnesses so far for their second- or thirdhand accounts of Trump’s Ukraine policies, but Sondland potentially offers a chance to cut through the game of “telephone.”
“He's important because he's a first-person witness, and he is a direct link to the president. So he's going to be very important,” said Rep. Jim HimesJames (Jim) Andres HimesDemocrats press Biden to step up fight against domestic hunger McCarthy pulls GOP picks off House economic panel Pelosi picks Democrats for special panel tackling inequality MORE (D-Conn.), a member of the Intelligence Committee.
The challenge, Himes said, will be to pin Sondland down on precise details. In his closed-door testimony last month, Sondland repeatedly responded to investigators’ questions by saying that he did not recall events or details that allegedly transpired.
“It is interesting that Sondland's testimony in the deposition was perhaps not complete. What we don't have evidence of is of him outright lying,” Himes said. “I think that imposes a burden on us to be particularly specific in the questioning.”
Republicans repeatedly dismissed testimony last week from Taylor, as well as George Kent, the deputy assistant secretary of State for European and Eurasian affairs, as only secondhand with limited direct knowledge of Trump’s efforts to pressure the Ukrainian government to open the investigations he wanted.
Taylor revealed during his testimony before the cameras that one of his staffers overheard a phone call between Sondland and Trump on July 26, the day after Trump spoke with Zelensky about looking into the Biden family.
But Meadows predicted that Sondland would not offer evidence of Trump telling him that the aid to Ukraine was conditioned on opening the investigations into the Bidens and a conspiracy theory about 2016 election interference.
“I think what you’ll find is that anytime he had direct contact with the president of the United States, and not Rudy GiulianiRudy GiulianiBook Trump signed for Giuliani fetches K at auction: 'I promise never to run against you' Judge: Request for Tucker Carlson personnel files is 'intrusive' White House orders release of Trump records to Jan. 6 committee MORE or others, that the message was clear: There was no condition placed on aid, nor was there any conditionality expected,” Meadows said.
Still, Meadows downplayed the centrality of Sondland’s involvement despite his firsthand interactions with Trump.
“I don't see Ambassador Sondland as being the key to whether this president is impeached or not,” he said.
Sondland originally testified during a closed-door deposition in mid-October that he did not definitively know why the aid to Ukraine was withheld. He also told lawmakers that he asked Trump in an early September phone call what he wanted from Ukraine. Trump, according to Sondland, said: "I want no quid pro quo. I want Zelensky to do the right thing."
"And I said: 'What does that mean?' And he said: 'I want him to do what he ran on.' And that was the end of the conversation. I wouldn't say he hung up on me, but it was almost like he hung up on me," Sondland added.
But Sondland later revised his testimony after reviewing statements from other witnesses that "refreshed [his] recollection about certain conversations." Sondland stated that he "presumed" that the suspension of military aid to Ukraine was in fact linked to the Ukrainian government announcing the desired investigations.
He also said that he told a top adviser to Zelensky that the aid would likely not resume until Ukraine moved forward with the probes.
"I now recall speaking individually with Mr. [Andrey] Yermak, where I said that resumption of U.S. aid would likely not occur until Ukraine provided the public anti-corruption statement that we had been discussing for many weeks," Sondland said.
The inconsistency has raised eyebrows in both parties.
“He has some questions to answer with regards to the addendum that he submitted,” said Rep. Lee ZeldinLee ZeldinNY Democratic Party chair endorses Hochul bid for governor NY governor seeking to raise million ahead of next year's primary The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Alibaba - Democrats return to disappointment on immigration MORE (R-N.Y.), a House Foreign Affairs Committee member who attended Sondland’s closed-door deposition.
Sondland won’t be the only witness with direct knowledge of Trump’s actions on Ukraine to testify this week.
Lt. Col. Alexander VindmanAlexander VindmanProgressive veterans group endorses McAuliffe in Virginia governor's race Should reporters Woodward, Costa have sat on Milley-Trump bombshell for months? Overnight Defense & National Security — Milley becomes lightning rod MORE, the director for European Affairs at the National Security Council, and Jennifer Williams, a foreign service officer assigned to Vice President Pence’s office, were both on the July 25 call between Trump and Zelensky and will testify on Tuesday morning.
Vindman also testified that he heard Sondland say during a meeting that “the Ukrainians would have to deliver an investigation into the Bidens.”
Later Tuesday, former special envoy to Ukraine Kurt VolkerKurt VolkerThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by National Industries for the Blind - Schumer: Dem unity will happen eventually; Newsom prevails CNN obtains audio of 2019 Giuliani call linked to Ukraine meddling allegations GOP senators request details on Hunter Biden's travel for probe MORE, who worked closely with Sondland and participated in a May meeting with Trump, as well as Morrison, will testify before the public.
After Sondland testifies on Wednesday, the House Intelligence Committee will hear from Defense Department official Laura Cooper and David Hale, the under secretary of State for political affairs.
Fiona Hill, the former National Security Council senior director for Europe and Russia, is scheduled to be the last to testify publicly on Thursday.
Mike Lillis contributed.