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House passes bipartisan bill to create women's history museum

House passes bipartisan bill to create women's history museum
© Greg Nash

The House easily passed legislation on Tuesday to establish a women's history museum in the nation's capital as part of the Smithsonian Institution.

The bipartisan 374-37 vote marked the biggest step yet of the decades-long effort by House Oversight and Reform Committee Chairwoman Carolyn MaloneyCarolyn Bosher MaloneySafeguarding US elections by sanctioning Russian sovereign debt Fears grow of voter suppression in Texas OVERNIGHT DEFENSE: Top general negative for coronavirus, Pentagon chief to get tested after Trump result l Top House lawmakers launch investigation into Pentagon redirecting COVID-19 funds MORE (D-N.Y.) to build a women's history museum along the National Mall.

The legislation now heads to the Senate, where it also has bipartisan support. But neither Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSenate GOP eyes Oct. 26 for confirming Barrett to Supreme Court GOP noncommittal about vote on potential Trump-Pelosi coronavirus deal Overnight Health Care: Trump takes criticism of Fauci to a new level | GOP Health Committee chairman defends Fauci | Birx confronted Pence about Atlas MORE (R-Ky.) nor President TrumpDonald John TrumpNearly 300 former national security officials sign Biden endorsement letter DC correspondent on the death of Michael Reinoehl: 'The folks I know in law enforcement are extremely angry about it' Late night hosts targeted Trump over Biden 97 percent of the time in September: study MORE have committed to moving it forward.

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Maloney, who became the first woman to chair the House Oversight and Reform Committee in November, has been advocating for a women's history museum since 1998.

"The journey of this moment started for me with a walk around the National Mall. I was looking at all the museums, and I saw them dedicated to air, space, spies, law enforcement, textiles, the postal service, arts. All enriching institutions. But I found myself asking, 'Where are the women?'" Maloney said on the House floor before the vote.

"Unfortunately, women have been left out of the telling of our nation's history," she said.
 
Maloney began introducing legislation in 1998 to create a privately funded commission to study the idea of the museum. It wasn't until 2014 that the bill became law.

The commission produced a report affirming the proposal for a women's museum with recommendations for its construction and fundraising in 2016.

Maloney introduced a similar bill in 2017 to create a women's museum, but it did not get a vote in committee or on the floor before the end of the last session of Congress.

Maloney said Monday that she will meet this week with Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsSenate GOP eyes Oct. 26 for confirming Barrett to Supreme Court GOP blocks Schumer effort to adjourn Senate until after election This week: Clock ticks on chance for coronavirus deal MORE (R-Maine) and Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Goldman Sachs - Tipping point week for Trump, Biden, Congress, voters This week: Clock ticks on chance for coronavirus deal Biden and Schumer face battles with left if Democrats win big MORE (D-Calif.), the co-sponsors of a companion bill in the Senate, about moving the legislation through the upper chamber.

While most House Republicans supported the measure on Tuesday, 36 of them voted against it, as did Independent Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashHillicon Valley: House votes to condemn QAnon | Americans worried about foreign election interference | DHS confirms request to tap protester phones House votes to condemn alleged hysterectomies on migrant women House approves measure condemning QAnon, but 17 Republicans vote against it MORE (Mich.). The votes in opposition included Rep. Liz CheneyElizabeth (Liz) Lynn CheneySteve King defends past comments on white supremacy, blasts NYT and GOP leaders in fiery floor speech GOP lawmakers distance themselves from Trump comments on transfer of power Graham vows GOP will accept election results after Trump comments MORE (R-Wyo.), who as conference chairwoman is the highest-ranking woman in House GOP leadership.
 
"Congresswoman Cheney represents Wyoming, where generations of women have demonstrated grit, determination, courage and leadership in building our great state. She believes women’s accomplishments deserve to be honored in an equal manner, alongside those of men, as part of our great national story," a Cheney spokesperson said.
 
Six years ago, 33 Republicans voted against Maloney's bill to create the commission to study the concept of a museum, citing concerns it would promote women who advocated for abortion rights and require taxpayer funding.

The legislation passed by the House on Tuesday includes a section authored by Rep. Mark WalkerBradley (Mark) Mark WalkerWant to prevent Democrat destruction? Save our Senate Joe Biden has long forgotten North Carolina: Today's visit is too late Mike Johnson to run for vice chairman of House GOP conference MORE (R-N.C.) about "ensuring diversity of political viewpoints in exhibits and programs." It states that the museum should "reflect the diversity of the political viewpoints held by women of the United States on the events and issues related to the history of women in the United States."

The commission's report concluded that private funds should finance the museum's construction, while the federal government would subsequently take over the costs of operation once it opens to the public.

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The legislation offers two potential sites for the museum. One would be near the Senate side of the Capitol, while the other would be on the National Mall close to the Washington Monument.
 
Efforts to establish national museums typically move slowly. Congress established the National Museum of African American History and Culture in 2003, but that came long after Rep. John LewisJohn LewisNY Times slammed for glowing Farrakhan op-ed: 'You would think he was a gentleman' Washington flooded with Women's March protesters ahead of Barrett confirmation vote HBCU in Alabama renames hall named after KKK leader MORE (D-Ga.) introduced legislation in the late 1980s to construct a stand-alone museum on the topic.
 
The museum ultimately opened in September 2016, after construction began in February 2012.
 
The House is slated to take a more divisive vote focusing on women later this week.

Lawmakers will vote Thursday on a resolution that would remove the deadline for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to constitutionally prohibit sex-based discrimination.

Virginia last month became the 38th state to ratify the ERA. The Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel recently argued in an opinion that the deadline to ratify the ERA has expired since Congress passed the proposed constitutional amendment in 1972.
 
—Updated at 3:54 p.m.