The five lawmakers who voted against $484B in coronavirus relief

Only four House Republicans and one Democrat bucked their party leaders and voted against a nearly half-trillion-dollar coronavirus relief package Thursday, a sign that lawmakers overwhelmingly recognize that American families and businesses are hurting and need more government aid.

The $484 billion relief package passed in a 388-5 vote just two days after the Senate unanimously approved it. The measure provides critical funding for small business loans, hospitals and virus testing. It now heads to President TrumpDonald John TrumpKimberly Guilfoyle reports being asymptomatic and 'feeling really pretty good' after COVID-19 diagnosis Biden says he will rejoin WHO on his first day in office Lincoln Project offers list of GOP senators who 'protect' Trump in new ad MORE’s desk for his expected signature.

The sole Democrat to cast a no vote was liberal freshman firebrand Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-CortezAlexandria Ocasio-CortezOVERNIGHT ENERGY: Sanders-Biden climate task force calls for carbon-free power by 2035 | Park Police did not record radio transmissions during June 1 sweep of White House protesters | Court upholds protections for Yellowstone grizzly bears Biden-Sanders 'unity task force' rolls out platform recommendations Sanders-Biden climate task force calls for carbon-free power by 2035 MORE (N.Y.), who argued the series of relief packages passed by Congress have not gone far enough to provide assistance to working-class people or safeguards to ensure mom-and-pop businesses receive funding before big companies.

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“It is a joke when Republicans say they have urgency around this bill. The only folks that they have urgency around are [chain restaurants] like Ruth’s Chris Steak House and Shake Shack. Those are the people getting assistance in this bill,” Ocasio-Cortez said in a fiery floor speech before the vote, where she noted that her Bronx and Queens district has been among the hardest hit by the coronavirus.

“You are not trying to fix this bill for mom and pops,” she added.

The quartet of Republicans who cast no votes — Reps. Thomas MassieThomas Harold MassieBiggs, Massie call on Trump to remove troops from Afghanistan Massie wins House GOP primary despite Trump call to be ousted from party Rep. Massie called out by primary opponent for previous display of Confederate flag MORE (Ky.), plus three leaders of the Freedom Caucus, Reps. Andy Biggs (Ariz.), Ken BuckKenneth (Ken) Robert BuckHouse panel advances police reform bill The Hill's Coronavirus Report: Rep. Val Demings calls for a new DOJ Office of Police Standards; Trump, GOP to pull convention from NC House GOP urge Trump against supporting additional funding for state and local governments MORE (Colo.) and Jody HiceJody Brownlow HiceHouse Republicans urge White House to support TSA giving travelers temperature checks Comer tapped to serve as top Republican on House Oversight This week: Democrats set to move health care, infrastructure proposals with eye on November MORE (Ga.) — are all conservatives who have raised concerns about government spending and rising debt.

Biggs, the chairman of the Freedom Caucus, took issue with the $12 billion set aside in the legislation for coronavirus contact tracing, where health workers try to track down individuals who have tested positive and their contacts.

“Does it allow big tech companies to surveil and trace American citizens and then turn that accumulated information over to the government? How will this data be secured, stored, etcetera?” Biggs said in a floor speech before the vote. “There are many questions that go unanswered, not the least of these, however, is the question of how much longer the American people acquiesce to unconstitutional and crushing government action." 

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“We need to open up America now," he added. "I call on our governors to free their citizens immediately.”

Massie, who infuriated House colleagues late last month when he forced lawmakers to return to Washington during the pandemic in order to pass a record $2.2 trillion coronavirus stimulus bill, took a victory lap Thursday.

“A month ago I stood alone for the Constitution & congressional accountability. I said if truckers, nurses, & grocers can work, then so can Congress! I was called the most hated man in DC by CNN. Wow - they reported the truth!” Massie tweeted before the vote.

“Today, dozens will demand a recorded vote. #winning,” he added.

After the initial backlash in March, many of Massie's GOP colleagues joined his cause, arguing that members of Congress had an obligation to be present in the Capitol and cast their votes on the floor for such large spending packages.

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Michigan Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashDemocrats fear US already lost COVID-19 battle Michigan candidate's daughter urges people not to vote for him in viral tweet Can Trump break his 46 percent ceiling? MORE, who left the Republican party last year to become an independent, voted present on Thursday, just as he did on a previous coronavirus relief bill.

The interim relief package passed Thursday was needed after $349 billion allocated for the Small Business Administration’s new Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) was exhausted in less than two weeks, leaving thousands of businesses across the country struggling to pay their employees and stay afloat.

The bill replenishes the PPP fund with an additional $210 billion, and includes $75 billion in aid for hospitals hit hard by the virus and $25 billion for COVID-19 testing.