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Ginsburg becomes the first woman to lie in state in the Capitol

Ginsburg becomes the first woman to lie in state in the Capitol
© Greg Nash

The late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader GinsburgRuth Bader GinsburgDemocrats to boycott committee vote on Amy Coney Barrett's Supreme Court nomination Mitt Romney did not vote for Trump in 2020 election The Senate should evoke RBG in its confirmation of Amy Coney Barrett MORE became the first woman to lie in state in the Capitol on Friday, underscoring her impact as a trailblazer for women.

Ginsburg, the second woman to serve on the Supreme Court, made history after her death as well by also becoming the first Jewish person and only the second Supreme Court justice to lie in state at the Capitol.

Lawmakers, along with Ginsburg’s family and friends, made signs of the cross, bowed their heads and placed their hands over their hearts as they gazed upon her flag-draped casket in the Capitol’s Statuary Hall. 

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Ginsburg's personal trainer paid his respects by doing push-ups in front of her casket — likely the first tribute of its kind for an official lying in state in the Capitol to honor the late justice’s infamous fitness routine.

Ginsburg's casket was placed on top of a catafalque built in 1865 for when President Lincoln laid in state and has been used for the rare honor ever since.

“It is with profound sorrow and deep sympathy to the Ginsburg family that I have the high honor to welcome Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg to lie in state in the Capitol of the United States. She does so on the catafalque built for Abraham Lincoln. May she rest in peace,” Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiTrump and advisers considering firing FBI director after election: WaPo On The Money: Power players play chess match on COVID-19 aid | Pelosi bullish, Trump tempers optimism | Analysis: Nearly 1M have run out of jobless benefits Overnight Health Care: CDC expands definition of 'close contact' after COVID-19 report | GOP coronavirus bill blocked in Senate | OxyContin maker agrees to B settlement with Trump administration MORE (D-Calif.) said as she opened Friday’s ceremony.

In a separate written statement, Pelosi said, “Ruth Bader Ginsburg: petite in size, monumental in impact. Justice Ginsburg embodied justice, brilliance and goodness. Her passing is an incalculable loss for our democracy and for all who strive to build a better future for our children.”

“On the West façade of the Supreme Court, facing the Capitol, are inscribed the words ‘equal justice under the law.’ Justice Ginsburg dedicated her life to that principle – and now, we must continue her work, upholding that same ideal,” Pelosi added in her statement.

The rabbi who leads the Washington synagogue where Ginsburg worshiped eulogized her as a leader in gender equality who demonstrated persistence over the course of her lifetime and with her judicial dissents.

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Rabbi Lauren Holtzblatt memorialized Ginsburg’s persistence in the face of adversity, starting from her losses early in life with the deaths of her sister and mother, followed by her inability to find a job at a law firm in New York because of her gender despite graduating at the top of her law school class.

"Pursuing justice took resilience, persistence, a commitment to never stop. As a lawyer, she won equality for women and men not in one swift victory, but brick by brick, case by case, through meticulous, careful lawyering," Holtzblatt said. "And even when her views did not prevail, she still fought."

"Despair was not an option. She said, and I quote, 'Dissents speak to a future age. It's not simply to say, my colleagues are wrong, and I would do it this way. But the greatest dissents do become court opinions and gradually, over time, their views become the dominant view. So that the dissenters hope that they are writing not for today, but for tomorrow,'" Holtzblatt continued.

"Justice Ginsburg's dissents were not cries of defeat. They were blueprints for the future," she added.

The only other woman to have had her casket lie in the Capitol was civil rights icon Rosa Parks, who laid in honor in the Capitol rotunda in 2005. As a public official, Ginsburg is the first woman to lie in state.

The only other Supreme Court justice to do the same was William Howard Taft, who also served as president, in 1930.

Democratic presidential nominee Joe BidenJoe BidenTrump and advisers considering firing FBI director after election: WaPo Obama to campaign for Biden in Florida Supreme Court reinstates ban on curbside voting in Alabama MORE and his running mate, Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala HarrisObama to campaign for Biden in Florida Biden appears on Brené Brown's podcast to discuss 'empathy, unity and courage' The Hill's Campaign Report: Obama to hit the campaign trail l Biden's eye-popping cash advantage l New battleground polls favor Biden MORE (D-Calif.), were both in attendance at the invitation-only ceremony. Guests were limited and spaced apart in accordance with social distancing guidelines due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Harris, the third female vice presidential nominee on a major party ticket, said afterward that Ginsburg "absolutely" cleared the path for her career.

"Because she first of all made America see what leadership looks like, and in the law, in terms of public service, and she broke so many barriers. And I know that she did it intentionally, knowing that people like me could follow," she said.

Biden noted that he was the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee during Ginsburg's confirmation process when she was nominated by then-President Clinton in 1993.

“I first met her when I did her hearings. I was the chairman of the committee and she was confirmed. Wonderful memories," he said.

Members of the public had the opportunity to pay their respects on Wednesday and Thursday as Ginsburg laid in repose at the top of the Supreme Court steps, with a line continuously snaking along the building as thousands sought to bid farewell.

President TrumpDonald John TrumpJudge rules to not release Russia probe documents over Trump tweets Trump and advisers considering firing FBI director after election: WaPo Obama to campaign for Biden in Florida MORE and first lady Melania TrumpMelania TrumpThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Goldman Sachs - Pelosi, Mnuchin push stimulus talks forward, McConnell applies brakes Melania Trump cancels campaign appearance over 'lingering cough' The Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by the Walton Family Foundation — DOJ to file antitrust suit against Google | Trump calls for Hunter Biden probe before Nov. 3 | Trump, Biden mics will have muting feature at Thursday debate | Pa. ballots to be counted MORE stopped by the Supreme Court on Thursday to pay their respects — but were met with boos from a crowd that shouted “vote him out!”

Neither Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellOn The Money: Power players play chess match on COVID-19 aid | Pelosi bullish, Trump tempers optimism | Analysis: Nearly 1M have run out of jobless benefits Trump casts doubt on hopes for quick stimulus deal after aides expressed optimism Power players play chess match on COVID-19 aid MORE (R-Ky.) nor House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthyKevin Owen McCarthyMcCarthy faces pushback from anxious Republicans over interview comments McCarthy: 'I would think I already have the votes' to remain as House GOP leader Conservatives seize on New York Post story to push Section 230 reform MORE (R-Calif.) were at Friday’s ceremony. House Minority Whip Steve ScaliseStephen (Steve) Joseph ScaliseMcCarthy faces pushback from anxious Republicans over interview comments Jordan vows to back McCarthy as leader even if House loses more GOP seats Cedric Richmond's next move: 'Sky's the limit' if Biden wins MORE (R-La.) and numerous female GOP lawmakers did make an appearance in Statuary Hall.

McConnell’s office did not provide an explanation for his absence.

Once the public ceremonies to mourn Ginsburg’s death conclude on Friday, Trump is expected to announce his nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy on Saturday.

Senate Republicans are planning to move quickly to fill the sudden vacancy left by Ginsburg, who died last Friday at the age of 87 following a battle with pancreatic cancer.

Their plans to move swiftly have drawn howls of outrage from Democrats who are angry over McConnell’s refusal to consider then-President Obama’s nominee in 2016 when the late Justice Antonin Scalia died in February.

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But Republicans have argued that the vacancy left by Ginsburg is different because their party controls both the Senate and the White House, unlike in 2016. They intend to confirm Trump’s nominee in the remaining weeks before Election Day.

While the partisan showdown over confirming Ginsburg’s replacement is sure to dominate Capitol Hill in the coming weeks, lawmakers largely tried to keep up a bipartisan front in honoring her on Friday.

Female lawmakers from both chambers lined up on the Capitol’s east front steps, many with their hands on their hearts, as an honor guard carried Ginsburg’s casket out of the building.

Ginsburg's family plans to hold a private burial next week at Arlington National Cemetery, according to the Supreme Court.

—Updated at 1:22 p.m.