The Hill's Morning Report — Shutdown drama front and center in 2019

Welcome to The Hill’s Morning Report! As 2019 begins, our newsletter gets you up to speed on the most important developments in politics and policy, plus trends to watch, co-created by Jonathan Easley and Alexis Simendinger. (CLICK HERE to subscribe!) On Twitter, you can find us at @joneasley and @asimendinger.

Lawmakers return to work on Wednesday seeking a solution to the spending fight that has shuttered a quarter of the government for going on 12 days now.

While there’s no agreement in sight, President TrumpDonald John TrumpFeinstein, Iranian foreign minister had dinner amid tensions: report The Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Harris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign MORE has invited the top two leaders from both parties in the House and Senate to the White House for a border security briefing today.

If it takes place, it would be the first time the president has met with House Minority Leader Nancy PelosiNancy Patricia D'Alesandro PelosiThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Threat of impeachment takes oxygen out of 2019 agenda Trump denies 'tantrum' in meeting with Pelosi: 'It is all such a lie!' MORE (D-Calif.) and Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerNo agreement on budget caps in sight ahead of Memorial Day recess Ex-White House photographer roasts Trump: 'This is what a cover up looked like' under Obama Pelosi: Trump 'is engaged in a cover-up' MORE (D-N.Y.) since their lively Dec. 11 encounter in the Oval Office.

At that gathering for the cameras, Trump declared he would not back down from his demand of $5.7 billion for a border wall. He said he’d take full responsibility for the partial shutdown if Congress didn’t approve the funding. Trump subsequently blamed Democrats.

In a statement Tuesday night, White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said the president believes a “Pelosi plan” to reopen the government is “a non-starter” because it “fails to secure the border and puts the needs of other countries above the needs of our own citizens.”



The dynamics of the spending fight will shift dramatically over the next 24 hours. 

Lawmakers in both chambers close the books on the 115th Congress today.

On Thursday, the 116th Congress will convene. Democrats will have a majority in the House and are expected to elect Pelosi as Speaker for her second turn in the top job.

One of Pelosi’s first actions in the next Congress will be to bring legislation to the floor to fund the full government, but with no additional money for a border wall.

The California Democrat outlined her plan in a Tuesday letter to lawmakers:

“On Thursday, House Democrats will take action to end the Trump Shutdown, as we pass strong, bipartisan legislation to reopen government, which has already received strong bipartisan support in the Senate … The package contains two bills. One consists of 6 bills already approved by the Republicans in the Senate, which would reopen all government agencies except for the Department of Homeland Security with full fiscal-year funding until September 30. The second bill would extend the Department of Homeland Security’s funding through February 8th, which is the date the Senate voted for unanimously. It is important to note that these bills contain no new wall funding.”

Read more about the legislation incoming House Appropriations Committee Chairwoman Nita LoweyNita Sue LoweyChances for disaster aid deal slip amid immigration fight Overnight Defense: Trump officials say efforts to deter Iran are working | Trump taps new Air Force secretary | House panel passes defense bill that limits border wall funds House Appropriations passes defense bill that would limit funds for border wall, pull US support from Yemen war MORE (D-N.Y.)  introduced HERE.

Unless Trump has a change of heart, the Democratic spending package would die on his desk and the impasse would continue. Both sides are bracing for a prolonged shutdown.

The Associated Press: Tops on House Dems’ to-do list: Try to end shutdown.

The Hill: Five fights awaiting Trump, Congress in 2019.



ADMINISTRATION & WHITE HOUSE: At the Pentagon, acting Defense Secretary Patrick ShanahanPatrick Michael ShanahanFeinstein, Iranian foreign minister had dinner amid tensions: report Pentagon approves DHS request to build tents to house 7,500 migrants at southern border Overnight Defense: Iran worries dominate foreign policy talk | Pentagon reportedly to send WH plans for 10K troops in Mideast | Democrats warn Trump may push through Saudi arms sale | Lawmakers blast new Pentagon policy on sharing info MORE, who succeeded James MattisJames Norman MattisShanahan orders new restrictions on sharing of military operations with Congress: report Pentagon reporters left in dark as Iran tensions escalate Trump officials slow-walk president's order to cut off Central American aid: report MORE on New Year’s Day, described in a memo some of the aims he hopes to carry out under the president’s “vision” (The Hill), while other department-watchers compiled lists of challenges this year as Trump hunts for someone to lead the Pentagon after Mattis quit (The Hill). 



> Shanahan is served by a new acting assistant for public affairs, Charles E. Summers Jr., named at the Pentagon to step into the role performed for Mattis by a spokeswoman who resigned suddenly on Monday while under internal investigation (The Washington Post).

State Department: Secretary Mike PompeoMichael (Mike) Richard PompeoFeinstein, Iranian foreign minister had dinner amid tensions: report Pentagon to present White House with plans to deploy up to 10K troops to Middle East: report Senate panel rejects requiring Congress sign off before Iran strike MORE, while traveling in South America this week met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Brasilia, Brazil. The secretary said the United States remains committed to Israel’s defense despite Trump’s decision to gradually remove U.S. military forces from Syria (Bloomberg). … Pompeo on Tuesday attended the inauguration of Brazil’s new far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro (The Associated Press).

> Egypt: Trump and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi discussed the stability of the Middle East by telephone on Tuesday, according to an Egyptian official (Reuters). The president and Sisi spoke about countering terrorism and increasing regional stability, as well as efforts to advance religious freedom in Egypt, according to a senior U.S. official.

Russia: Following last week’s detention in Russia of former U.S. Marine Paul Whelan, his family denied claims that Whelan is a spy. The espionage allegations in Moscow underscore fraying relations between Russia and the United States over a host of issues, including Russia’s election interference and U.S. economic sanctions imposed as punishment (The Washington Post). U.S. Embassy officials had not yet spoken with Whelan, according to his family (The Associated Press).

North Korea: Kim Jong Un would like to meet with Trump for a second summit anytime to discuss denuclearization, but speaks of a “new path” (Reuters). The president tweeted his reaction:



China: Trump’s chief trade negotiator, Robert LighthizerRobert (Bob) Emmet LighthizerChinese, US negotiators fine-tuning details of trade agreement: report The Trump economy keeps roaring ahead Trump says no discussion of extending deadline in Chinese trade talks MORE, wants to keep the president from wavering as trade talks with Beijing resume with an eye toward a March deadline (The New York Times).   

Ivanka TrumpIvana (Ivanka) Marie TrumpThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump blows up meeting after Pelosi 'cover up' remarks Trump adviser expected to leave White House, join Juul Cohen says Trump attorney told him to say Trump Tower talks ended earlier than they did MORE, a senior White House adviser, plans a push for global women’s economic development this year (The Associated Press).


POLITICS: The calendar just turned to 2019, but Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Harris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign 2020 Dems put spotlight on disabilities issues MORE (D-Mass.) is getting an early jump on the 2020 presidential race.

After announcing this week that she’d formed an exploratory committee, Warren will head to Iowa this weekend, with stops planned in Council Bluffs, Sioux City, Storm Lake and Des Moines, according to the Des Moines Register.



The field is going to get crowded in a hurry. 

Expect a half-dozen Democrats or more to announce exploratory committees or outright presidential bids in the weeks ahead, with potential big names like former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Harris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign 2020 Dems put spotlight on disabilities issues MORE, former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, Rep. Beto O’Rourke (Texas) and Sens. Bernie SandersBernie SandersHarris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign 2020 Dems put spotlight on disabilities issues Lee, Sanders introduce bill to tax Wall Street transactions MORE (I-Vt.), Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Harris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign 2020 Dems put spotlight on disabilities issues MORE (Calif.), Cory BookerCory Anthony BookerHarris readies a Phase 2 as she seeks to rejuvenate campaign T.I., Charlamagne Tha God advocate for opportunity zones on Capitol Hill Overnight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — CBO officials testify on pros and cons of 'Medicare for All' | Booker vows to form White House office on abortion rights | Measles outbreak spreads with cases now in half the country MORE (N.J.), and many others sizing up the landscape.

The New York Times: How Biden has paved the way for a possible presidential run.

Niall Stanage has a helpful early handicapping list of the top 10 Democrats to watch as the presidential election cycle kicks into high gear (The Hill). 

More from campaigns and politics … The top five races to watch in 2019 (The Hill) … Chaos in North Carolina’s 9th Congressional District could delay final outcome for weeks (The Charlotte Observer).


The president shapes the public character of the nation. Trump’s character falls short, by Sen.-elect Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyIraq War looms over Trump battle with Iran Alabama state senator introduces bill to repeal state's abortion ban Overnight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — McConnell, Kaine offer bill to raise tobacco buying age to 21 | Measles outbreak spreads to 24 states | Pro-ObamaCare group launches ad blitz to protect Dems MORE (R-Utah), The Washington Post. 

It’s time to get out of Afghanistan, by Robert D. Kaplan, The New York Times.

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Hill.TV’s “Rising” program, starting at 8 a.m., features Anibal Romero, a Newark, N.J., attorney who represents five immigrants who say they worked at the Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, N.J.; and Jacque Simon, public policy director for the American Federation of Government Employees union, talking about the impact of the partial shutdown on federal employees. 

The Senate convenes at 4 p.m. and resumes consideration of appropriations legislation and partisan impasses.

The House meets at noon. The 116th Congress officially convenes on Thursday.

The president may hold a border security discussion with House and Senate leaders from both parties at the White House, seeking to confer for the first time since Dec. 11 with Democratic leaders about appropriations and policy disputes.  


> States & localities: 2019 ushered in new laws, including higher minimum wages, changes to tax requirements, allowances for hunting vests and bans on foam food containers and drinking straws (USA Today, The New York Times, The Associated Press, The Washington Post). Washington now bars anyone under age 21 from purchasing assault weapons (The Washington Post). … And states begin this year with ambitious new legislative agendas (The Hill). 

> Space: A NASA explorer is believed to have reached the solar system’s outermost region on Tuesday, flying close to a space rock 20 miles long and billions of miles from Earth on a mission to gather clues about the creation of the solar system (Reuters)

> Catholic Church: The Vatican blocked U.S. bishops from moving to address the clergy sex abuse scandal because U.S. church leaders didn’t discuss the legally problematic proposals with the Holy See enough beforehand, according to a November letter obtained by The Associated Press. … Today, U.S.-based Roman Catholic bishops gather for a weeklong retreat near Chicago focused on the church sexual abuse scandal. Organizers say it will focus on prayer and spiritual reflection, not on crafting new policy (The Associated Press).

> Sports: On Tuesday, tennis champion Roger Federer, representing a Swiss team, beat the United States and fellow great Serena Williams in a mixed doubles Hopman Cup tennis competition, which they both described as great fun (The Associated Press).



> Russia: Ivan Fokin, an injured baby boy, was flown to Moscow Tuesday for medical care after being found alive Monday following a building collapse. He was located after he spent 35 hours under rubble in subzero temperatures. A blast that caused the collapse killed at least seven people and more than 30 others remain missing (Reuters). The baby’s mother survived.




And finally … It was a balmy 57 degrees in Washington, D.C., on Tuesday, but elsewhere in America, winter and water are making frozen magic. Lake Geneva, Wis., residents and visitors have been waiting for Ice Castles on the beach, expected to open Jan. 10 to large crowds.

“Our goal is to make Ice Castles be like the frozen version of going to Disneyland,” construction overseer Jesse Stone says of amusement fortresses that are also located in Utah, Minnesota, Colorado, New Hampshire and Alberta, Canada.

Water gets sprayed from sprinkler heads installed throughout castle locations each night, where it freezes, creating 5,000 to 10,000 crystal clear icicles that are then hand-harvested and used to build special worlds that celebrate the beauty of winter.