Leading members of the Senate Democratic conference predict the tax deal struck between President Obama and GOP leaders will pass the Senate, making the House the main battleground.
As of midday Wednesday, only two on the left had said they would vote against the tax package: Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Schumer tees up doomed election reform vote Schumer prepares for Senate floor showdown with Manchin, Sinema White House to make 400 million N95 masks available for free MORE (Vt.), an independent who caucuses with Democrats, and Sen. Mark UdallMark Emery Udall11 former Democratic senators call for 'meaningful reform to Senate rules' Kennedy apologizes for calling Haaland a 'whack job' OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Haaland courts moderates during tense confirmation hearing | GOP's Westerman looks to take on Democrats on climate change | White House urges passage of House public lands package MORE (D-Colo.). Sen. Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyFormer US attorney considering Senate run in Vermont as Republican The Hill's 12:30 Report: Sen. Kaine, drivers stranded in I-95 backup Senate delays vote as DC hit by snowstorm MORE (D-Vt.) has also strongly criticized the deal "wrong for most Vermonters" and "wrong for our country."
“I was inclined to vote no but it’s still a work in progress,” said Harkin. “Let’s see what happens, things are happening.”
Harkin would like to see unemployment benefits extended for two years instead of 13 months, as Obama and GOP leaders have agreed. Harkin said the extension of unemployment benefits should mirror the two-year extension of tax cuts for the nation’s wealthiest individuals and families.
He said he was strongly opposed to setting the estate tax at 35 percent for inheritances over $5 million but doubts it would be possible to renegotiate that part of the deal.
Harkin said the package “probably will” pass the Senate.
But it will likely face a tougher fight in the House.
Liberal Democrats in the House have mobilized to defeat the tax deal, which has received strong criticism from progressive advocacy groups and unions.
Thirty-four House Democrats have signed a letter circulated by Rep. Peter WelchPeter Francis WelchFormer US attorney considering Senate run in Vermont as Republican Members of Congress not running for reelection in 2022 Lowenthal becomes latest House Democrat to not seek reelection MORE (D-Vt.) stating their strong opposition to the deal.
“We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons,” the lawmakers wrote in a letter addressed to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.).
They said the deal is “fiscally irresponsible” because it adds “$700 billion to our national debt” and is unfair because it helps wealthy families at the expense of the middle class.
Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), who is representing House Democrats in tax talks with senior administration officials and Senate negotiators, has voiced serious reservations about the deal.
In the Senate, by contrast, political momentum has begun to build for Obama’s tax deal. About a dozen Senate Democrats have praised the package or pledged their support.
"I commend President Obama for his leadership in forging this agreement,” said Sen. Jim Webb (D-Va.) in a press release. “The framework agreement for tax cuts and extended unemployment insurance shows great promise in reinvigorating our economy and putting people back to work. The proposal is the ultimate stimulus plan.”
Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.) has called the deal “the best that could have been done” and said “it will be good for our economy.”
Democratic Sens. Evan Bayh (Ind.), Bill NelsonClarence (Bill) William NelsonOvernight Energy & Environment — Earth records its hottest years ever Global temperatures in past seven years hottest ever observed, new data show NASA welcomes chief scientist, senior climate adviser in new dual role MORE (Fla.), Ben Nelson (Neb.), Max BaucusMax Sieben BaucusThe good, bad, and ugly of Tester's Blackfoot-Clearwater Stewardship Act Biden nominates Nicholas Burns as ambassador to China Cryptocurrency industry lobbies Washington for 'regulatory clarity' MORE (Mont.) and Tom CarperThomas (Tom) Richard CarperOvernight Energy & Environment — Lummis holds up Biden EPA picks GOP senator blocks Biden EPA nominees over coal plant decision Biden raises vehicle mileage standards, reversing Trump rollback MORE (Del.) have also spoken favorably of the deal.
Senate Budget Committee Chairman Kent Conrad (D-N.D.) warned that failure to pass the package would reduce economic growth by as much as 50 percent next year, citing projections from economist Mark Zandi.
Conrad said he strongly opposed the deal Obama and Republicans struck on the estate tax. He would prefer to tax estates above $3.5 million at a 45 percent rate, but said significant revisions to the package are unlikely.
“It’s very hard for me to see how this deal gets changed,” he said.
Conrad predicted the package would pick up enough bipartisan support to clear a filibuster planned by Sanders and Jim DeMint (R-S.C.).
“I can’t speak for the House,” he cautioned, reflecting the view of other Democrats that the deal will face a tougher fight in the lower chamber.
Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellDemocrats make final plea for voting rights ahead of filibuster showdown Mellman: Voting rights or the filibuster? Budowsky: To Dems: Run against the do-nothing GOP, Senate MORE (Ky.) predicts the vast majority of his conference will support the deal. So far only DeMint and Sen. George Voinovich (Ohio) have stated their opposition, according to senior GOP aides.
But some House lawmakers think Senate approval of the framework and the desire to adjourn a week before Christmas will give the package enough momentum to clear the House.
House Democratic leaders have asked the Senate to act first on the proposal.
—Jordan Fabian contributed to this report.
-- This story was updated at 4:10 p.m.