Members of the Senate’s Gang of Six began on Wednesday to sell the group’s bipartisan deficit-reduction proposal to House Democrats as the likelihood grew that lawmakers would need to approve a short-term increase to the $14.3 trillion debt limit.
The pressure of the ticking clock weighed on officials both in the White House and at the Capitol, who cheered the new Senate proposal but acknowledged there was not enough time to enact it before the Aug. 2 deadline to avoid an unprecedented default by the U.S. government.
With 12 days remaining, President Obama summoned congressional leaders of each party to the White House for separate meetings, and his chief spokesman said for the first time that Obama would sign a “very short-term” extension of the debt limit if Congress agreed to a long-term deficit-reduction deal. The president had previously said he would veto any stopgap measure.
“The president does not support a short-term extension of the debt limit, period,” White House press secretary Jay Carney said. “The only exception to that is in the event that both sides reach a deal on a long-term extension of the debt limit plus significant deficit reduction, and we needed a very short-term extension, like a few days, to allow a bit of extra time for a bill to work its way through the legislative process.”
The Gang of Six proposal, which would slash the deficit by $3.7 trillion over a decade, appeared to be the most promising avenue for a comprehensive deal after it won bipartisan support in the Senate upon its release Tuesday. The Gang’s Democratic members, Sens. Dick DurbinDick DurbinThe Memo: Cuts to big bill vex Democrats Progressives push back on decision to shrink Biden's paid family leave program Democrats struggle to sell Biden plan amid feuding MORE (Ill.), Kent Conrad (N.D.) and Mark WarnerMark Robert WarnerThe Hill's 12:30 Report - Presented by Altria - Biden holds meetings to resurrect his spending plan Democrats feel high anxiety in Biden spending conflict Biden meets with Jayapal to kick off week of pivotal meetings MORE (Va.), held briefings with several dozen House Democrats, who received the proposal warmly, lawmakers said.
“The sentiment was a lot of hope and a lot of encouragement,” said Rep. Ron KindRonald (Ron) James KindTwo House Democrats to retire ahead of challenging midterms Two senior House Democrats to retire Democratic retirements could make a tough midterm year even worse MORE (D-Wis.), the vice chairman of the New Democrat Coalition, a business-friendly bloc that heard a briefing from Warner. “It’s the one glimmer of hope that we have around here.”
That optimism was tempered, however, by the dwindling time and the lack of detail and legislative language in the Gang of Six proposal.
“Given the fact the clock is ticking … there’s not going to be an opportunity to take any specific action on this proposal between now and August 2,” Rep. Chris Van Hollen (Md.), senior Democrat on the House Budget Committee, told The Hill. “We’ll have to look at our options.”
Van Hollen organized a separate briefing for a group of Democrats with House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (Md.).
House Republicans have yet to embrace the Gang proposal, but critically, their leaders have not rejected it. Speaker John BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerRift widens between business groups and House GOP Juan Williams: Pelosi shows her power Debt ceiling games endanger US fiscal credibility — again MORE (R-Ohio) and Majority Leader Eric CantorEric Ivan CantorBottom line Virginia GOP candidates for governor gear up for convention Cantor: 'Level of craziness' in Washington has increased 'on both sides' MORE (R-Va.) gave the plan mixed reviews on Tuesday night. Top committee chairmen Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanJuan Williams: Pelosi shows her power Cheney takes shot at Trump: 'I like Republican presidents who win re-election' Cheney allies flock to her defense against Trump challenge MORE (R-Wis.) and Dave Camp (R-Mich.) largely echoed the leadership, applauding some of the plan’s budget reforms while criticizing elements of its tax and entitlement proposals.
“Unfortunately, it increases revenues while failing to seriously address exploding federal spending on healthcare, which is the primary driver of our debt,” Ryan, the Budget Committee chief, said in a statement. “There are also serious concerns that the proposal’s substance on spending falls far short of what is needed to achieve the savings it claims.”
The Gang of Six proposal would raise more than $1 trillion in revenues, but members say the Congressional Budget Office would score it as a net tax cut because it lowers personal income rates and abolishes the Alternative Minimum Tax.
Yet because the plan ends the George W. Bush-era tax cuts and raises revenue through other means, House Republicans who have sworn off any tax increases were hesitant to embrace it.
“I think it’s a positive development that there’s some bipartisan approach to addressing the debt limit, and I like the fact that there’s lower rates,” Camp told The Hill in a brief interview, “but I’m concerned about the revenue that’s raised that isn’t because the economy’s growing but because there’s a tax increase. I’m concerned about that.”
House Republicans have not been fully briefed on the plan, and the conference chairman, Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas), said he was not aware of plans to do so. The Democratic members of the Gang of Six said they had asked their GOP partners in the group, Sens. Saxby ChamblissClarence (Saxby) Saxby ChamblissEffective and profitable climate solutions are within the nation's farms and forests Live coverage: Georgia Senate runoffs Trump, Biden face new head-to-head contest in Georgia MORE (Ga.), Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoDemocrats narrow scope of IRS proposal amid GOP attacks Senate GOP signals they'll help bail out Biden's Fed chair Yellen confident of minimum global corporate tax passage in Congress MORE (Idaho) and Tom CoburnThomas (Tom) Allen CoburnBiden and AOC's reckless spending plans are a threat to the planet NSF funding choice: Move forward or fall behind DHS establishes domestic terror unit within its intelligence office MORE (Okla.), to reach out to House Republicans.
The Senate proposal drew criticism — some of it predicted — from lawmakers and interest groups on the left and right. Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersUnder pressure, Democrats cut back spending The Memo: Cuts to big bill vex Democrats Democrats say they're committed to reducing emissions in Biden plan MORE (I-Vt.) deemed the plan a “victory” for Republicans, and Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.), co-chairman of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, called it “terrible” for its cuts to entitlement programs. Labor leaders also assailed the proposal for achieving budget austerity on the backs of the working class, the elderly and the poor.
On the right, the chairman of the conservative Republican Study Committee, Rep. Jim Jordan (Ohio), came out against the gang’s plan.
Yet despite the criticism, it appeared to have life in the House, due in large measure to the persistent opposition from conservatives to the primary backup proposal for avoiding a default: Senate GOP Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellGOP blocks Senate Democrats' revised elections bill A politicized Supreme Court? That was the point The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Uber - Democrats optimistic after Biden meetings MORE’s (Ky.) plan to raise the debt ceiling while granting Obama more power to approve future increases in federal borrowing.
GOP lawmakers and aides said distaste with the McConnell proposals was as strong as ever, giving new momentum to the pursuit of a “grand bargain.”
The immediate goal, some lawmakers said, was to broaden the support for the Gang of Six plan and to figure out how to buy enough time to get it passed.
“This is the first dance of the Senate with the House,” Kind told The Hill. “We just need to invite more colleagues to the party.”