Republicans want President ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaAfter the loss of three giants of conservation, Biden must pick up the mantle Kyrsten Sinema's courage, Washington hypocrisy, and the politics of rage Former Obama White House adviser pleads guilty to wire fraud MORE as a negotiating partner when it comes to budget talks, something Democrats are determined to avoid.
With a little more than a week to prevent a government shutdown, the GOP thinks the talks should be between them and Obama since they now have control of the House and Senate.
Losing the Senate in last year’s midterm elections should force Obama to deal with them, they say.
Democrats, however, are determined to keep a seat at the table — in part because they think they’ll drive a tougher bargain than Obama, whose past efforts to make deals with Republicans unnerves Capitol Hill liberals.
In this case, Obama seems likely to go along with congressional Democrats — especially after bruising fights over trade policy and the Iran nuclear deal.
But Democrats are leaving nothing to chance.
Senate Minority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidAfter the loss of three giants of conservation, Biden must pick up the mantle Photos of the Week: Voting rights, former Sen. Harry Reid and snowy owls Black Democrats hammer Manchin for backing filibuster on voting rights MORE (D-Nev.) and House Minority Leader Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiClyburn says he's worried about losing House, 'losing this democracy' King family to march for voting rights in Arizona before MLK Day GOP's McCarthy has little incentive to work with Jan. 6 panel MORE (D-Calif.) met with Obama at the White House on Thursday. At the end of the meeting, Pelosi and Reid spoke to reporters and said all agreed on their strategy moving forward.
And on Monday, the White House stated its desire for Republicans to negotiate with congressional Democrats.
“We've been disappointed that Republican leaders in Congress have not accepted the Democrats' invitation to engage in serious budget negotiations,” Press Secretary Josh Earnest said. “We believe those kinds of negotiations are required to find common ground to avert a government shutdown and, just as importantly, make sure that all national security and economic priorities are adequately funded.”
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSinema reignites 2024 primary chatter amid filibuster fight Biden's new calls to action matter, as does the one yet to come Trump to make election claims center stage in Arizona MORE (R-Ky.) last week framed the upcoming talks as primarily between GOP leaders and the administration.
He said a short-term funding resolution “will give time for us to engage with the administration in determining how much we're going to spend and where we're going to spend it.”
A Senate Republican leadership source insisted 2015 will not be a replay of 2013, when the Senate and House Budget Committee chairs at the time, Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash.) and Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis.), took the lead in negotiating a two-year deal.
“That’s not going to happen,” the source said. “It’s going to be between [House Speaker John] Boehner [R-Ohio] and McConnell and Obama or whoever Obama appoints, maybe [White House Chief of Staff Denis] McDonough.”
Congressional Republicans don’t want to raise discretionary spending caps — further chipping away at what they view as the historic achievement of the 2011 Budget Control Act — unless it’s offset with cuts to entitlement programs.
And they think Obama might be more willing than members of Congress to engage in tradeoffs — which could go beyond spending issues to involve reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank, raising the debt ceiling or funding highway and infrastructure projects.
While Congress faces a short-term deadline of Oct. 1 to prevent a shutdown, Washington is also trying to reach a deal on a longer spending measure that would run through the end of the fiscal year in September 2016.
“They think they can get a better deal from Obama,” Darrell West, director of the Governance Studies program at the Brookings Institution, said of congressional Republicans.
“When you look at past negotiations, Obama often has been willing to compromise on Democratic principles in ways his congressional counterparts have not been willing to do,” he said.
Democratic leadership aides argue that Reid and Pelosi — or their surrogates — should be involved in the talks because Republicans will need Democratic support to pass a package through both chambers.
“A budget agreement will require Democratic votes, so Hill democrats are very much relevant,” said an aide.
In 2011, senior aides to Obama and Boehner discussed cutting hundreds of billions of dollars in Medicare spending by raising the eligibility age and curbing the growth of Social Security benefits by implementing a new formula for calculating inflation.
Republicans were happy with the deal McConnell and Vice President Joe Biden (D-Del.) hammered out in the final days of 2012, making the Bush-era income tax rates permanent for individuals earning less than $400,000.
(Biden, who has frequently been a deal-maker for the White House, may be unable to take part this year as he considers running for the presidency himself. )
Democrats voted overwhelmingly for the deal because they feared the across-the-board expiration of lower tax rates would create economic turmoil, but they weren’t thrilled.
Congressional Democrats say they haven’t received any indication this year that McConnell or Boehner are interested in talking to them.
“Republicans are in charge in the Senate. Certainly, I’m willing to work with anybody but they have to make the decision on how they’re going to put this together and we’re waiting to hear from them,” Murray told The Hill.
“Nobody knows what’s going to happen, at least on our side,” said a Democratic leadership aide.
Democrats want to combine the year-end spending talks, which will determine funding levels for fiscal year 2016, with negotiations over a multiyear transportation bill and overseas corporate tax reform that could raise billions of dollars in new revenue.
Murray, who is now the senior Democrat on the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, published an op-ed in The Seattle Times Friday, calling on Republicans to “skip the government shutdown this time and let us go straight to bipartisan negotiations.” Two years ago, a 16-day shutdown preceded the year-end budget deal.
Ryan doesn’t envisage himself sitting down with Murray this time around.
“I’m busy doing Ways and Means issues. It’s somebody else’s job to do budget,” he said, referring to the tax-writing panel he now chairs.
Ryan also quashed the idea of merging a package linking highway funding and corporate tax reform into the year-end negotiations.
“I’m working on highways and taxes,” he said. “Those are separate, we’re keeping them separate.”
Congressional Democrats have suggested that if corporate tax reform is used to pay for a multiyear highway bill, the offsets identified earlier this year by McConnell to pay for transportation could be used to ease the budget caps.
McConnell wants to keep the two negotiations separate.
Jordan Fabian contributed.