Congress looks for way out of government shutdown

Congressional leaders are scrambling to wriggle their way out of a government shutdown that went into effect shortly after midnight when the Senate defeated a House-passed stopgap spending measure.

While both sides face risks from a prolonged shutdown, neither party is giving significant ground and the White House says it will not negotiate on the issue that triggered the stalemate: how to replace an Obama-era program that allows certain immigrants who came to the United States illegally as children to work and go to school here.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerGOP Green New Deal stunt is a great deal for Democrats National emergency declaration — a legal fight Trump is likely to win House Judiciary Dems seek answers over Trump's national emergency declaration MORE (D-N.Y.) immediately after the failed vote called for a White House summit between congressional leaders and President TrumpDonald John TrumpRosenstein expected to leave DOJ next month: reports Allies wary of Shanahan's assurances with looming presence of Trump States file lawsuit seeking to block Trump's national emergency declaration MORE to hash out a broad deal on immigration, spending caps and disaster relief.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellDemocrats brush off GOP 'trolling' over Green New Deal Trump should beware the 'clawback' Congress Juan Williams: America needs radical solutions MORE (R-Ky.), echoing the White House, sought to instead stick to a deal close to the House bill rejected by most Senate Democrats — while shortening that stopgap measure from four to three weeks.

McConnell said it would take at least that long to put together a complicated spending deal.

“You can’t reach an agreement and snap your fingers and everything [falls] into place and you’re ready to go,” he said, arguing that negotiators need “a reasonable period” to work out differences.

Democrats blocked McConnell from getting a quick vote on the revised proposal, signaling they want more from a deal.

“There is a path forward. We can reach it quickly, tomorrow,” Schumer said. “The president and the four leaders should immediately sit down and finish this deal so the entire government can get back to work on Monday.”

Republicans appeared confident throughout the day that they were winning the public relations game over the shutdown. They argue Democrats forced the shutdown by demanding action to help the so-called Dreamers covered by the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program that Trump is ending.

Polls show a majority of voters back a solution that would allow these immigrants to stay in the United States, but also that a majority does not think the government should be shut down over the issue.

Democrats, for their part, believe Republicans will take the blame because the GOP holds the White House and Congress. They also think Trump’s bellicose remarks about immigration play into their hands.

A Washington Post poll released on Friday showed more people think Republicans would be to blame for a shutdown than Democrats, by 20 points.

Schumer blamed Trump for walking away from a deal on immigration during a meeting at the White House Friday afternoon, even though Schumer said he was willing to discuss the president’s top priority: the border wall. 

“He walked away from two bipartisan deals, including one today in which I even put the border wall on the table. What will it take for President Trump to say 'yes' and learn how to execute the rudiments of government?” Schumer said.

But Trump on Saturday morning cast blame on Democrats for deciding to "play shutdown politics" when they "could have easily made a deal."

In the hours leading up to the shutdown, Democrats were still jockeying to get a DACA fix attached to the spending bill, according to multiple senators. Intertwining the two issues has been a non-starter for GOP leadership on both ends of the Capitol.

But Democrats wanted an insurance policy in case the bipartisan DACA legislation that McConnell promised to put on the Senate floor went nowhere in the House.

“They had concerns about if they pass a bill out of the Senate, will it be heard in the House,” said Sen. Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerSasse’s jabs at Trump spark talk of primary challenger RNC votes to give Trump 'undivided support' ahead of 2020 Sen. Risch has unique chance to guide Trump on foreign policy MORE (R-Tenn.). “They would like for [DACA] to be attached to a must-pass piece of legislation.”

Members were coming over to Schumer during the tense negotiations on the Senate floor and urging him to just resolve the issue, according to Sen. John CornynJohn CornynOn unilateral executive action, Mitch McConnell was right — in 2014 Poll shows competitive matchup if O’Rourke ran for Senate again On The Money: Trump declares emergency at border | Braces for legal fight | Move divides GOP | Trump signs border deal to avoid shutdown | Winners, losers from spending fight | US, China trade talks to resume next week MORE (R-Texas).

Cornyn said the two sides were at an impasse not over the length of the three-week stopgap — but over the Democratic demands to attach DACA to the funding bill.

“That part was where there wasn’t agreement,” said Cornyn, the Senate’s No. 2 Republican.

Sen. Gary PetersGary Charles PetersDems seeking path to Senate majority zero-in on Sun Belt Lawmakers push to award Aretha Franklin the Congressional Gold Medal Congress sends bill renewing anti-terrorism program to Trump MORE (D-Mich.), however, said that Democrats felt at one point that they were close to clinching the deal.

“We thought we came fairly close to resolving it,” he said. “Unfortunately, it came up short.”

Sen. John ThuneJohn Randolph ThunePolls: Hiking estate tax less popular than taxing mega wealth, income Will Trump sign the border deal? Here's what we know Key GOP senator pitches Trump: Funding deal a 'down payment' on wall MORE (R-S.D.), the Senate’s No. 3 Republican, disputed that notion.

“I don’t think it was going to happen,” Thune said. “I think [Democrats] had to prove that they followed through on their threat to shut down the government.”

McConnell did not respond directly to Schumer’s call for a summit meeting, but said the Senate will reconvene at noon and that votes would likely be later in the day.

“It’s my hope that an agreement can be reached. We’ll be here in session tomorrow working to finally resolve the way forward,” he said.

House lawmakers were told that they should expect to reconvene at 9 a.m. on Saturday.

If the talks stretch into the weekend, the logistics will become more complicated as the House is scheduled to be on recess next week.

Republicans have insisted that Democrats agree to expanded authorities for border patrol agents, along with construction of the wall, something Democrats have balked at so far.

Sen. James LankfordJames Paul LankfordGOP advances rules change to speed up confirmation of Trump nominees GOP senator calls Omar's apology 'entirely appropriate' New battle lines in war over Trump’s judicial picks MORE (Okla.), a Republican who has been involved in the immigration talks, said that appropriating $2 billion to $4 billion a year for several years would be enough to satisfy Trump’s demand to build a wall.

Increased authority for law enforcement is a trickier subject.

“I hear more balking about all the authorities around it than the border wall itself,” he said.

One question is how much access should border patrol agents get for roads through protected national monument areas.

Another is whether to expedite deportation proceedings for people apprehended crossing the border illegally.

Despite pledges from both sides to work together, they didn’t waste any time Saturday morning blaming each other for the shutdown.

“What we just witnessed on the floor was a cynical decision by Senate Democrats to shove aside millions of Americans for the sake of irresponsible political games. A government shutdown was 100 percent avoidable,” McConnell said on the floor.

Schumer said that Trump’s actions at a White House meeting Friday when he dismissed Democratic demands made it seem he was “rooting for a shutdown.”

“The blame should crash entirely on President Trump’s shoulders,” he said.

Rank-and-file members jumped into the blame game as well.

Sen. David Perdue (R-Ga.) charged it was “totally irresponsible for the Democrats to use government funding as a bargaining chip.”

Sen. Claire McCaskillClaire Conner McCaskillMcCaskill: Lindsey Graham 'has lost his mind' Trey Gowdy joins Fox News as a contributor The Hill’s 12:30 Report: Trump AG pick Barr grilled at hearing | Judge rules against census citizenship question | McConnell blocks second House bill to reopen government MORE (Mo.), a Democrat who voted for the four-week House continuing resolution, said she was “disappointed” Trump put out a statement that “tried to divide us based on party when it came to the support of our military.”

The White House press secretary said earlier in the evening that Democrats had “put politics above our national security” because the House spending measure included defense spending. 

— Updated Jan. 20 at 8:17 a.m.