Senate edges closer to rebuking Trump on Saudi Arabia

Senators are closing in on a deal to defy President TrumpDonald John TrumpDemocrats ask if they have reason to worry about UK result Trump scramble to rack up accomplishments gives conservatives heartburn Seven years after Sandy Hook, the politics of guns has changed MORE on Saudi Arabia, as support grows for tougher action over the killing of U.S.-based journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

The emerging agreement would lead to a vote next week on a bipartisan resolution that would require Trump to withdraw troops in or “affecting” Yemen within 30 days, unless they are fighting al Qaeda.

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Lawmakers involved in the negotiations say that because the Yemen resolution is being brought to the floor under the War Powers Act, with only a simple majority needed for passage, it’s all but guaranteed to be approved.

“I won’t support it, but it will pass,” said Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerRNC says ex-Trump ambassador nominee's efforts 'to link future contributions to an official action' were 'inappropriate' Lindsey Graham basks in the impeachment spotlight The Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by Nareit — White House cheers Republicans for storming impeachment hearing MORE (R-Tenn.).

A legislative rebuke of that magnitude would mark a significant break with Trump, who is threatening to veto the measure and has said “we may never know all the facts” around the death of Khashoggi, a Saudi dissident who wrote for The Washington Post. He died after entering the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2.

The U.S.-Saudi relationship is at a low point on Capitol Hill after a briefing with CIA Director Gina Haspel this week left senators convinced that Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is responsible for the journalist’s slaying.

Senate leadership hasn’t announced when they plan to begin consideration of the resolution; the Senate voted 63-37 last week to advance the measure to floor debate.

Corker predicted that the next vote would take place on Wednesday.

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However, several issues remain unresolved that could complicate how quickly the Yemen resolution gets a final vote, namely whether negotiators and leadership can agree on the terms of debate to avoid a messy fight on the Senate floor.

“I don’t think either side wants to have a vote-a-rama, where there’s no germane-ness standard, and anything and everything that people want to have voted on they could offer as an amendment and we would have to vote on it,” Sen. John CornynJohn CornynTrump scramble to rack up accomplishments gives conservatives heartburn On The Money: Trump, China announce 'Phase One' trade deal | Supreme Court takes up fight over Trump financial records | House panel schedules hearing, vote on new NAFTA deal On The Money: Lawmakers strike spending deal | US, China reach limited trade deal ahead of tariff deadline | Lighthizer fails to quell GOP angst over new NAFTA MORE of Texas, the No. 2 Republican in the chamber.

Without an agreement for floor debate, senators warn that they would have to go through a “vote-a-rama,” which could eat up precious floor time and force senators to take tough votes on any issue, including politically divisive ones. The unpredictable free-for-all is the type of scenario that GOP leadership tries to avoid by keeping a tight grip on the Senate floor proceedings.

Corker and Sen. Bob MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezSaagar Enjeti says Corbyn's defeat in UK election represents 'dire warning' for Democrats Democrats worried by Jeremy Corbyn's UK rise amid anti-Semitism Lankford to be named next Senate Ethics chairman MORE (N.J.), the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee, are hopeful they will be able to avoid that by requiring all amendments to be “germane,” or related to Yemen. Senators are largely in unknown territory with the war powers fight, but they expect to be able to force a vote on the resolution and require that all amendments are on-topic.

“If there was a majority vote for that, which I believe there would be, then you would have a very limited number of amendments that can be offered,” Menendez said.

Corker predicted that enough “good governance guys” on the Republican side would vote with Democrats to limit what amendments could be offered, even if those GOP senators wouldn’t ultimately vote for the Yemen resolution.

But not all supporters are optimistic that they’ll be able to avoid a free-for-all, emphasizing that they want clearer signals from Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSherrod Brown backs new North American trade deal: 'This will be the first trade agreement I've ever voted for' McConnell: Bevin pardons 'completely inappropriate' House panel to hold hearing, vote on Trump's new NAFTA proposal MORE (R-Ky.) and Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerTurf war derails bipartisan push on surprise medical bills Senate confirms Trump's nominee to lead FDA CEO group pushes Trump, Congress on paid family, medical leave MORE (D-N.Y.).

Sen. Chris MurphyChristopher (Chris) Scott MurphyOn The Money: Trump, China announce 'Phase One' trade deal | Supreme Court takes up fight over Trump financial records | House panel schedules hearing, vote on new NAFTA deal Schumer: Trump 'sold out' on China trade deal McConnell: I doubt any GOP senator will vote to impeach Trump MORE (D-Conn.), a member of the Foreign Relations panel, said he wouldn’t “presuppose” that supporters have the votes to limit amendments.

“I’m nervous to give you an opinion without leadership weighing in,” he said. “I’ve talked to lots of members about their desire to limit debate but I have not heard definitively from the majority leader or the minority leader.”

But he was confident about final passage. "We certainly have 51 votes for the final resolution," he said.

In addition to likely passing the Yemen resolution, sponsored by Murphy and Sens. Bernie SandersBernie SandersDemocrats ask if they have reason to worry about UK result Buttigieg releases list of campaign bundlers Reject National Defense Authorization Act, save Yemen instead MORE (I-Vt.) and Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeSenators zero in on shadowy court at center of IG report The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by AdvaMed - House panel expected to approve impeachment articles Thursday Five takeaways on Horowitz's testimony on Capitol Hill MORE (R-Utah), senators are trying to figure out if they can pass two other proposals by the end of the year.

One, from Menendez and Sen. Todd YoungTodd Christopher YoungGOP senators unveil bill to expand 'opportunity zone' reporting requirements Statesmen seek bipartisan solutions to big challenges The Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump says he is fighting testimony to protect presidency MORE (R-Ind.), would require sanctions within 30 days on anyone involved in Khashoggi’s death, including “any official of the government of Saudi Arabia or member of the royal family” determined to be involved.

It also would require a report within 30 days on the kingdom’s human rights record. To help address the Yemen crisis, the measure would suspend weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and prohibit the U.S. military from refueling Saudi coalition aircraft.

The second proposal, spearheaded by Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamTrump: 'I wouldn't mind' a long Senate impeachment process Poll finds Graham with just 2-point lead on Democratic challenger Hill editor-in-chief calls IG report 'a game-changer' MORE (R-S.C.), is a non-binding resolution naming the crown prince “complicit” in Khashoggi’s death.

Corker said he is hoping to have a markup in the Foreign Relations Committee next week to consider the Menendez-Young measure.

The Tennessee Republican, who’s retiring next month, said he is in discussions with Menendez and Young about changes to their legislation, which he says keep the “substance” of the measure “intact.” If those two senators sign off on the revisions, Corker said he would support their bill.

Menendez and Young acknowledged they are considering Corker’s suggestions but were noncommittal about if they would incorporate them.

If Corker wants a committee markup early next week he would need Menendez to agree to hold one. The Democratic senator said he has not yet agreed to a markup.

A spokesman for Menendez declined to comment further, noting that Corker hasn’t formally requested a committee meeting.

But even if the panel advances the Menendez-Young measure, it’s uncertain whether it would be able to get approval on the Senate floor before the end of the year. Senators said they don’t think it could be attached to the Yemen resolution because it stretches beyond the war powers fight.

“So where does it go from there — is there a spending bill it can be attached to?” Corker asked. “Is there something else that you might attach it to to make it law?”

Menendez added that he was looking for a “vehicle” to get the bill considered this year.

Cornyn said senators should condemn Khashoggi’s killing without fracturing the U.S.-Saudi relationship, which could make Graham’s resolution the right path.

Corker added that Graham’s resolution was a good start but he is discussing a resolution on Khashoggi’s death that “adds a few words to it” and has the “right balance.” He added that if they could get it right, “it’s possible” McConnell brings it straight to the floor, where he believed it would get 90 votes.

“I think it’s important for us to pass something in the Senate that strongly condemns what this crown prince has done in killing this journalist,” Corker said. “Especially since he did it.”

--Rebecca Kheel contributed