Senate plots to avoid fall shutdown brawl

Senators are hoping to get the government funding process back on track after the months-long fight over President TrumpDonald John TrumpTed Cruz knocks New York Times for 'stunning' correction on Kavanaugh report US service member killed in Afghanistan Pro-Trump website edited British reality star's picture to show him wearing Trump hat MORE's U.S.-Mexico border wall.

Though Congress managed to avoid a partial funding lapse after Trump agreed to sign a deal last week, lawmakers face another deadline later this year to prevent a governmentwide shutdown that would strike roughly a year before the 2020 election.

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The Senate Appropriations Committee managed to pass all 12 individual fiscal 2019 funding bills with bipartisan support, but their work was derailed on the floor amid a standoff between the White House and Democrats, and infighting among Republicans, that led to multiple continuing resolutions and the longest shutdown in U.S. history.

“Obviously the border security fight was holding up the 25 percent that hadn’t been done,” said Sen. John CornynJohn CornynSenators struggle to get spending bills off ground as shutdown looms The 13 Republicans needed to pass gun-control legislation The Hill's Morning Report — Biden steadies in third debate as top tier remains the same MORE (R-Texas). “It’s been to my mind kind of an unnecessary political football.”

Part of the success at the committee level in the Senate stems from a deal struck by Sens. Richard ShelbyRichard Craig ShelbySenators struggle to get spending bills off ground as shutdown looms Congress set to ignore Trump's wall request in stopgap measure Overnight Defense: Dems grill Trump Army, Air Force picks | House chair subpoenas Trump Afghanistan negotiator | Trump officials release military aid to Ukraine MORE (R-Ala.) and Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyThe Hill's Morning Report — Biden steadies in third debate as top tier remains the same Overnight Defense: Dems grill Trump Army, Air Force picks | House chair subpoenas Trump Afghanistan negotiator | Trump officials release military aid to Ukraine On The Money: Trump delays increase in China tariffs until Oct. 15 | Treasury says US deficit topped trillion in 11 months | Defense spending bill advances over Democratic wall objections MORE (D-Vt.) to avoid including what are referred to as poison pills. Though Republicans could wrestle controversial bills through committee, where they have a majority, legislation needs 60 votes to clear the Senate floor, a threshold that requires support from Democrats.

“What we’d like to do is what we did last year — remember, we passed all the bills for the first time in I think 15, 20 years,” Leahy said, but added that it’s “up to leadership” to move bills across the Senate floor in time.

Shelby added that they wanted to move bills through the Appropriations Committee faster and try to avoid piling everything up on the Senate floor toward the October deadline because “the more you put on the wagon, it overloads it and generally bogs down.”

“I would hope that we can approach it in at least an accelerated way,” Shelby added. “We realize it’s getting toward March already.”

Shelby and Leahy say they have already started talking about ways to avoid a similar train wreck on the floor as Congress faces an end-of-September deadline for the fiscal 2020 bills, but there are multiple hurdles awaiting lawmakers if they are going to avoid a shutdown later this year.

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Congress will first have to resolve a lingering battle over Trump’s border wall and the president’s decision to declare a national emergency to get additional funding for the barrier.

House Democrats are expected to file a resolution Friday to block the emergency declaration, and lawmakers could vote on the measure as soon as next week, kicking the fight to the upper chamber. Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerSchumer, Pelosi push Trump to back universal background check bill Sinema says she would back Kennedy in race against Markey Democrats threaten to withhold defense votes over wall MORE (D-N.Y.) said Thursday that a companion resolution would be introduced in the Senate “soon” and urged Republicans to support it.

Though Trump has identified $8 billion in funds for the wall, including the $1.375 billion included in the recently passed funding bill, the administration could still request more funding as part of the next round of spending as they brace for a legal battle that will tie up the money the president is getting from the emergency declaration.

Asked if the Department of Homeland Security would be another sticking point, Shelby hedged, noting that building the wall was a multiyear effort and the “debate won’t end.”

The presidential budget will kick-start the fight on fiscal 2020 funding by outlining the White House’s top fiscal and political priorities. But the mammoth document is largely sidelined to being a symbolic paperweight on Capitol Hill, where lawmakers have ignored Trump’s previous calls for cuts.

Nonetheless, the document, expected to start being released in mid-March, will give lawmakers their first indication of how much money the administration will request for the border.

Trump could always throw lawmakers a curveball by drawing a hard line on wall funding or increasing his request for border money. Trump also initially requested $1.6 billion for 65 miles of new border wall in his fiscal 2019 budget, but then increased his demand to $5.7 billion. He also caught Republicans flat-footed when he rejected a stopgap bill in December because it didn’t include extra wall funding.

Sen. Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinSenators struggle to get spending bills off ground as shutdown looms Trump defends push to ban flavored e-cigarettes: Let's 'keep young children from Vaping!' Overnight Defense: Dems grill Trump Army, Air Force picks | House chair subpoenas Trump Afghanistan negotiator | Trump officials release military aid to Ukraine MORE (D-Ill.), asked recently if he thought Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill's 12:30 Report: NY Times story sparks new firestorm over Kavanaugh Senator asked FBI to follow up on new information about Kavanaugh last year Congress must reinstate assault weapons ban MORE (R-Ky.) could negotiate on behalf of the president, looked bemused and appeared to chuckle silently.

“McConnell has a tough assignment if he’s trying to read the president’s mind,” Durbin said, when asked to articulate his laughter into words.

There are two funding fights that are closer on the horizon for Congress and could portend the ability to avoid a shutdown starting in October: a mid-year fight on raising the debt ceiling and one on getting an agreement on raising the budget caps.

Congress and Trump will have to work out a deal to increase discretionary spending caps on defense and nondefense spending before lawmakers can start work in earnest on the individual funding bills. Without an agreement, automatic budget cuts would be set to kick back in at the start of fiscal 2020.

Sen. Roy BluntRoy Dean BluntGOP group's ad calls on Graham to push for election security: 'Are you still trying?' Exclusive: Kushner tells GOP it needs to unify behind immigration plan The Hill's Morning Report - Can Trump save GOP in North Carolina special election? MORE (R-Mo.), an appropriator and member of GOP leadership, said getting a top-line number early would help avoid a traffic jam in September.

“[And] trying to learn our lesson from this time of how great it is when you get 75 percent of this done and it wouldn’t take much more effort to get 100 percent of it done,” he said. “We should want to do more of what we successfully did last time and less of what we were unsuccessful with.”

One significant difference as Congress turns its attention to the 2020 spending fight is that Democrats now control the House, where Republicans last year loaded up their spending bills with abortion and ObamaCare provisions considered to be anathema to Democrats.

Shelby and Leahy worked with Reps. Nita LoweyNita Sue LoweyCongress set to ignore Trump's wall request in stopgap measure Overnight Defense: Trump says Taliban talks 'dead' after canceled Camp David meeting | North Korea offers to restart nuke talks this month | Trump denies role in Air Force crew staying at his resort McConnell: Short-term spending bill needed to avoid shutdown MORE (D-N.Y.) and Kay GrangerNorvell (Kay) Kay GrangerLobbying world House approves bill increasing federal worker pay House approves 3 billion spending package MORE (R-Texas), the top two members of the House Appropriations Committee, to craft the latest government funding agreement, giving them a framework for the larger deals they’ll need to strike this year.

Shelby said the working relationship the four key negotiators formed was a “good sign” for moving forward and that he hoped House Democrats will have a “different attitude” and want to cooperate when it comes time to reconcile competing funding bills from the House and Senate.

"I hope that they’ll see that by cooperating together in a bipartisan way we get things moving,” he said. “Otherwise we’re obstacles to each other.”