Trump's immigration push faces Capitol Hill buzzsaw

President TrumpDonald John TrumpStates slashed 4,400 environmental agency jobs in past decade: study Biden hammers Trump over video of world leaders mocking him Iran building hidden arsenal of short-range ballistic missiles in Iraq: report MORE’s push for a long-stalled deal on immigration is running straight into a dead end on Capitol Hill.

Trump’s plan would try to break the years-long stalemate by overhauling the legal immigration system and giving preference for green cards to immigrants based on job skills rather than family reunification.

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But there are already warning signs that neither the White House proposal nor bills being floated on Capitol Hill are able to bridge deep political divides heading into the 2020 elections.

Republican lawmakers acknowledge that Trump’s plan is more about unifying the party around a “merit-based” plan and giving them a messaging tool to use against Democrats.

“We all know you’re not going to pass this without dealing with the other aspects of immigration but … getting the party united behind a merit-based immigration proposal and border security is a significant step,” Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamTrump's legal team huddles with Senate Republicans GOP member urges Graham to subpoena Schiff, Biden phone records Trump legal team gears up for Senate impeachment trial in meeting with GOP senators MORE (R-S.C.) said about Trump’s proposal.

He added that “the White House’s plan is not designed to become law. ... The White House plan is trying to unite the Republican Party.”

Asked after a closed-door GOP lunch how they would get Democrats on board, Sen. Kevin CramerKevin John CramerTrump's legal team huddles with Senate Republicans Schumer briefs Democrats on impeachment trial 'mechanics' Trump legal team gears up for Senate impeachment trial in meeting with GOP senators MORE (R-N.D.) referred back to his own caucus, saying “first is getting these guys on board.”

Immigration legislation has been stalled on Capitol Hill for years amid intense infighting and growing pressure from bases in both parties to draw hard lines on any potential compromise.

Trump made hard-line immigration rhetoric and a pledge to build the U.S.-Mexico border wall a key theme in his 2016 presidential campaign. Since taking office, he ended the Obama-era Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, rejected bipartisan immigration proposals and helped spark a 35-day partial government shutdown over border wall funding.

Trump dug in to the political fight during his Rose Garden speech, using his proposal to contrast himself to Democrats heading into the 2020 election. He added that if Republicans can’t win over Democrats, they will pass his immigration plan “after the election when we take back the House, keep the Senate and of course hold the presidency.”

“One of the reasons we will win is because of our strong, fair and pro-America immigration policy,” Trump said.

But his proposal has landed with a thud on Capitol Hill, where it would need to pass the Democrat-controlled House and win over at least seven Democrats to pass the Senate.

“This sham proposal is dead on arrival. It is a mockery of what America means,” said Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.).

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Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerOvernight Health Care — Presented by Johnson & Johnson — Democrats call on Supreme Court to block Louisiana abortion law | Michigan governor seeks to pause Medicaid work requirements | New front in fight over Medicaid block grants House, Senate Democrats call on Supreme Court to block Louisiana abortion law Why a second Trump term and a Democratic Congress could be a nightmare scenario for the GOP MORE (D-N.Y.) called the White House plan a “political document” and “anti-immigration reform,” while House Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiTrump's legal team huddles with Senate Republicans On The Money: Falling impeachment support raises pressure for Dems on trade | Trump escalates fight over tech tax | Biden eyes minimum tax for corporations | Fed's top regulator under pressure over Dodd-Frank rules Overnight Health Care — Presented by Johnson & Johnson — Virginia moves to suspend Medicaid work rules | Powerful House panel sets 'Medicare for All' hearing | Hospitals sue over Trump price rule | FDA official grilled on vaping policy MORE (D-Calif.) also called it “dead on arrival.”

Democrats would face their own pressures if they tried to negotiate an immigration deal with Trump. Several of the party’s 2020 candidates immediately panned the White House proposal, noting it did not deal with undocumented immigrants, known as “dreamers,” who were brought illegally to the country as children.

Sen. Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinSupreme Court poised to hear first major gun case in a decade Protecting the future of student data privacy: The time to act is now Overnight Health Care: Crunch time for Congress on surprise medical bills | CDC confirms 47 vaping-related deaths | Massachusetts passes flavored tobacco, vaping products ban MORE (D-Ill.) expressed skepticism, even after working to win passage of a criminal justice reform bill with Trump adviser and son-in-law Jared KushnerJared Corey KushnerDemocrat calls for investigation of possible 'inappropriate influence' by Trump in border wall contract Judge temporarily halts construction of a private border wall in Texas Mueller witness linked to Trump charged in scheme to illegally funnel money to Clinton campaign MORE, of the president's willingness to negotiate.

“I’ve been down this road before and have been burned and others have too,” he said, “so I come to this with my eyes wide open.”

Sen. John KennedyJohn Neely KennedyMORE (R-La.), a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, appeared skeptical that lawmakers were interested in finding a deal on border security and immigration. Some in the Senate, he said, “believe the border is just a nuisance” and think that “this is a great political issue for their political base.”

“[But] I would like to see the majority leader put an immigration bill on the floor ... let us offer amendments, let us deliberate and let us vote,” Kennedy added.

The Senate rejected four immigration proposals last year, including a White House–backed plan that got 39 votes. A bipartisan proposal also fell short of defeating a 60-vote filibuster; Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisHarris posts video asking baby if she'll run for president one day Krystal Ball: What Harris's exit means for the other 2020 candidates Saagar Enjeti unpacks why Kamala Harris's campaign didn't work MORE (D-Calif.), who is running for president, was one of three Democrats to vote against it.

House Democrats are reportedly planning to bring the Dream Act up for a vote in the House Judiciary Committee next week, paving the way to send it to the vote before the full chamber.

Spokespeople for committee Chairman Jerrold NadlerJerrold (Jerry) Lewis NadlerGOP lawmaker: 'Amazing' Democrats would ask if Founding Fathers would back Trump impeachment Trump asks if Democrats 'love our country' amid ongoing impeachment hearing Impeachment puts spotlight on Georgia Republican eyeing Senate MORE (D-N.Y.) didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment about the House panel’s plans.

That legislation would give Democrats something to tout ahead of the 2020 elections but would be dead on arrival in the Senate and with the White House.

“I can’t imagine Democrats are going to let us pass an immigration bill,” said Sen. John CornynJohn CornynPush to investigate Bidens sets up potential for Senate turf war Pressure grows on House GOP leaders to hold line ahead of impeachment trial GOP senators warn Trump trade deal will go into 2020 if deal not reached this week MORE (R-Texas), a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee and GOP leadership. “But my hope is that at least they'll allow us to do a targeted bill that deals with the current crisis.”

Asked how Democrats could be convinced to come on board, he added: “If you know the answer to that, then I owe you five bucks. I think they like the issue more than they want a solution, frankly.”

Graham, who chairs the Senate Judiciary Committee, has rolled out legislation that would overhaul U.S. asylum laws, including a change to a court settlement known as the Flores agreement that would increase the amount of time an undocumented minor can be detained from 20 to 100 days.

The GOP senator is expected to hold a committee vote on the bill next month. Democrats say they are ready to talk with Graham, but face political challenges to reaching a deal.

Durbin said maintaining the 20-day limit was a “fundamental principle that all of us on the Democratic side share” and that changes were a “non-starter for many of us.”

Graham, however, said changing that standard was a must.

“I’m trying to turn off the faucet and the Flores faucet has to be fixed, OK?” he said. “If you don’t fix that dilemma, then you won’t stop the flow.”