SPONSORED:

Democrats leery of Sanders plan to cancel student loan debt

Democratic lawmakers on Capitol Hill are balking at Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersBiden budget pick sparks battle with GOP Senate Overnight Defense: Defense bill among Congress's year-end scramble | Iranian scientist's assassination adds hurdles to Biden's plan on nuclear deal | Navy scrapping USS Bonhomme Richard after fire Biden faces new Iran challenges after nuclear scientist killed MORE’s (I-Vt.) call to cancel $1.6 trillion in student debt, an idea that has garnered strong interest on the campaign trail but could give Republicans more ammo to turn 2020 into a referendum on “socialism.”

Sanders’s bold proposal mirrors his daring call during the 2016 campaign to make four-year public colleges and universities free at a cost of $70 billion a year.

ADVERTISEMENT

Democratic presidential candidate Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonBiden budget pick sparks battle with GOP Senate Katko fends off Democratic opponent in New York race Harris County GOP chairman who made racist Facebook post resigns MORE initially slammed the proposal in late 2015 by arguing that it would pay for the children of rich parents, like then-candidate Donald Trump’s kids, to go to school for free, but she eventually adopted the idea and offered her own plan for debt-free college.

Now Sanders is raising the ante by proposing that all student debt be canceled — and that is making Democrats in Washington nervous.

The idea is popular with the party’s left wing and is gaining traction in the presidential race.

But Democratic lawmakers are wary. On one hand, they know the idea of wiping out burdensome debts would be popular with millennial voters, who are shaping up as a crucial constituency in 2020, but piling onto the deficit to help a minority of working Americans — many from middle-class instead of working-class families — is seen as risky. 

“That’s Trumpian,” Sen. Jon TesterJonathan (Jon) TesterOvernight Defense: Trump loyalist to lead Pentagon transition | Democrats ask VA for vaccine distribution plan | Biden to get classified intel reports Senate Democrats press VA for vaccine distribution plan President is wild card as shutdown fears grow MORE (D-Mont.) said of Sanders’s grand vision, which some Democrats see as about as realistic as President TrumpDonald John TrumpGeraldo Rivera on Trump sowing election result doubts: 'Enough is enough now' Murkowski: Trump should concede White House race Scott Atlas resigns as coronavirus adviser to Trump MORE’s 2016 campaign promise to build a wall along the southern border and have Mexico pay for it.

“Higher ed is out of control cost-wise, we’ve got to do some things about it, but you can’t just say it’s going to happen. You have to have a plan to make it happen,” he said. “I agree with what he’s trying to do here, but I don’t think just saying it makes it happen.”

“It is a lot of money,” he added.

Sanders says he would pay for his plan with a tax on Wall Street speculation. It would erase the debts of an estimated 45 million graduates.

His main progressive rival, Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth WarrenBiden budget pick sparks battle with GOP Senate Warren, Brown voice support for controversial Biden budget office pick Biden's economic team gets mixed reviews from Senate Republicans MORE (D-Mass.), who has been rising steadily in the polls, has a competing proposal that would spend $1.25 trillion to forgive student debt and eliminate tuition at public colleges.

The calls for student debt forgiveness and free public universities come on top of other expensive proposals that Sanders and Warren have backed, such as “Medicare for All” and the Green New Deal, which have been estimated to cost about $28 trillion to $32 trillion and $18 trillion to $93 trillion, respectively, over 10 years.

ADVERTISEMENT

Sen. Mark WarnerMark Robert WarnerOvernight Health Care: Moderna to apply for emergency use authorization for COVID-19 vaccine candidate | Hospitals brace for COVID-19 surge | US more than doubles highest number of monthly COVID-19 cases Bipartisan Senate group holding coronavirus relief talks amid stalemate Harris shares Thanksgiving recipe: 'During difficult times I have always turned to cooking' MORE (D-Va.) said erasing more than $1 trillion in student debt would help today’s graduates at the expense of future generations who would be stuck with an enormous federal debt, impacting everything from the value of the dollar, to interest rates, to the ability to pay for social services in the future.

Warner said he supports the goal of reducing student debt to spur economic growth and acknowledged that banks got bailouts — something Sanders highlighted when he unveiled his proposal Monday — but is worried about the nation’s fiscal health.

“I worry about the $23 trillion in debt. If we simply move more of that debt at the national level onto young people’s backs, that’s going to be a burden you’re still going to have to absorb as well,” he said.

Warner served on a bipartisan group of senators known as the Gang of Six in 2011 that put together a plan to reduce the deficit by $3.7 trillion over 10 years. It was the last time there was a serious push in Congress to reduce the deficit.

The push by Sanders and Warren to erase hundreds of billions of dollars in debt comes at an awkward time for Democrats, when Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSenate approves two energy regulators, completing panel On The Money: Biden announces key members of economic team | GOP open to Yellen as Treasury secretary, opposed to budget pick | GAO: Labor Department 'improperly presented' jobless data Senate GOP open to confirming Yellen to be Biden's Treasury secretary MORE (R-Ky.) wants to make 2020 a “referendum on socialism.”

“I would love to see the fiscal analysis of how you get from here to there. It seems to me to be another huge add to the debt, which is a big problem,” said Sen. Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoMnuchin to put 5B in COVID-19 relief funds beyond successor's reach Democrats accuse Mnuchin of sabotaging economy in dispute with Fed Shelton's Fed nomination on knife's edge amid coronavirus-fueled absences MORE (R-Idaho), chairman of the Senate Banking Committee. 

Proponents of the bold liberal proposals argue that student debt forgiveness, Medicare for All and the Green New Deal would produce economic stimulus and savings that would defray their total costs.

One problem with erasing student debt, however, is that it would disproportionally benefit a relatively small slice of American society.

Only a third of American adults have four-year college degrees and they tend to earn more money than workers without college degrees. 

Sen. Amy KlobucharAmy KlobucharHillicon Valley: YouTube suspends OANN amid lawmaker pressure | Dems probe Facebook, Twitter over Georgia runoff | FCC reaffirms ZTE's national security risk Democrats urge YouTube to remove election misinformation, step up efforts ahead of Georgia runoff YouTube temporarily suspends OANN account after spreading coronavirus misinformation MORE (D-Minn.), who is running for president as more of a centrist, has argued on the campaign trail that free college is unrealistic, telling students at Saint Anselm College in New Hampshire: “I wish I could staple a free college diploma under every one of your chairs.”

Klobuchar has instead advocated for letting people with student debt refinance their obligations at lower interest rates.

Many Democratic senators say they would prefer a more moderate approach like Klobuchar’s.

“I think there should be a plan to help people with their financial debt but it’s probably going to be based on needs,” said Sen. Gary PetersGary PetersRepublican John James concedes in Michigan Senate race Hillicon Valley: YouTube suspends OANN amid lawmaker pressure | Dems probe Facebook, Twitter over Georgia runoff | FCC reaffirms ZTE's national security risk Democrats urge YouTube to remove election misinformation, step up efforts ahead of Georgia runoff MORE (D-Mich.), who cited doctors in rural areas and teachers in low-income areas who would deserve debt forgiveness.

“I think we’ve got to think it through,” he said.

Sen. Mazie HironoMazie Keiko HironoHillicon Valley: YouTube suspends OANN amid lawmaker pressure | Dems probe Facebook, Twitter over Georgia runoff | FCC reaffirms ZTE's national security risk Democrats urge YouTube to remove election misinformation, step up efforts ahead of Georgia runoff YouTube temporarily suspends OANN account after spreading coronavirus misinformation MORE (D-Hawaii) said the bold proposals by Sanders and Warren “points out there are billions of dollars in student debt [and] we can’t even try to get a bill on the floor to enable them to refinance.”

Yet, Hirono also says that graduates should bear some responsibility for their debts.

“I had student debt but I also believe in the responsibility of paying the debt,” she said. “I also support the forgiving of student debt for people who go into certain kinds of needed fields.”

Sen. Bob CaseyRobert (Bob) Patrick CaseyScranton dedicates 'Joe Biden Way' to honor president-elect Grassley tests positive for coronavirus Casey says he isn't thinking about Pennsylvania gubernatorial bid in 2022 MORE Jr. (D-Pa.) said “in the short run we’re better off trying to reduce the monthly payment as best we can.”

“I don’t think there’s support here for that proposal,” he said of canceling more than a trillion dollars in student debt.

Sen. Ben CardinBenjamin (Ben) Louis CardinDemocratic senators urge Facebook to take action on anti-Muslim bigotry On The Money: Biden, Democratic leaders push for lame-duck coronavirus deal | Business groups shudder at Sanders as Labor secretary | Congress could pass retirement bill as soon as this year Top Democrat: Congress could pass retirement bill as soon as this year MORE (D-Md.) said the idea of simply canceling existing debt is too simplistic.

“As far as existing debt, it’s not quite as simple as just canceling [it]. I know some of our candidates have suggested that,” he said. “I think you have to look at the circumstances and ground rules at the time” loans were taken out.

Cardin said he would be more sympathetic to helping people reorganize debts and make them easier to pay back.

Yet the idea of wiping away student debt is popular among many Democratic voters and lawmakers still remember how Sanders saw the appeal of free college before most others in their party.

Several Democrats declined on Tuesday to dismiss a blanket student debt amnesty out of hand.

“I want to do something about student debt,” said Senate Minority Whip Dick DurbinDick DurbinOvernight Health Care: Moderna to apply for emergency use authorization for COVID-19 vaccine candidate | Hospitals brace for COVID-19 surge | US more than doubles highest number of monthly COVID-19 cases Bipartisan Senate group holding coronavirus relief talks amid stalemate The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by the UAE Embassy in Washington, DC - COVID-19 fears surround Thanksgiving holiday MORE (D-Ill.). “I’m open to suggestions.”