McConnell, Romney vie for influence over Trump's trial

The fight over calling additional witnesses at President TrumpDonald John TrumpTeachers union launches 0K ad buy calling for education funding in relief bill FDA head pledges 'we will not cut corners' on coronavirus vaccine Let our values drive COVID-19 liability protection MORE's impeachment trial has turned into a struggle for influence between Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellTeachers union launches 0K ad buy calling for education funding in relief bill No signs of breakthrough for stalemated coronavirus talks State aid emerges as major hurdle to reviving COVID-19 talks MORE and Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyTrump slams 'rogue' Sasse after criticism of executive actions From a Republican donor to Senate GOP: Remove marriage penalty or risk alienating voters Tennessee primary battle turns nasty for Republicans MORE.  

The two Republican leaders — one the Senate majority leader, the other the GOP’s 2012 nominee for president — have two very different agendas.

McConnell has staked his reelection to a seventh term on helping Trump implement his agenda and has made clear that he is closely coordinating trial strategy with the White House.

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Romney doesn't have the immediate pressure of reelection and has told allies that he’s more interested in the role of elder statesman than climbing the Senate’s power ladder.

The Utah Republican made it clear he thought the Senate should hear from former national security adviser John BoltonJohn BoltonEx-Trump adviser, impeachment witness Fiona Hill gets book deal Hannity's first book in 10 years debuts at No. 1 on Amazon Congress has a shot at correcting Trump's central mistake on cybersecurity MORE and possibly other witnesses in the trial. McConnell is decidedly against hearing from new witnesses.

After a week of tense debate, it appears McConnell, a senator from Kentucky, has emerged as the winner of their battle after convincing a handful of wavering Republicans that voting to subpoena additional witnesses and documents would be a mistake.

Romney has been Trump’s most outspoken Republican critic in the Senate since the retirement of former Sens. Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakeCheney clashes with Trump Sessions-Tuberville Senate runoff heats up in Alabama GOP lawmakers stick to Trump amid new criticism MORE (R-Ariz.) and Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerTennessee primary battle turns nasty for Republicans Cheney clashes with Trump Sessions-Tuberville Senate runoff heats up in Alabama MORE (R-Tenn.).

Over the last couple of weeks, he’s sought to influence the course of the trial, just as he’s tried to steer Senate Republicans in other debates, ranging from trade to foreign policy.

“This is not the first time he’s done this, so I think there’s a pattern developing,” said one Republican senator who requested anonymity to discuss internal dynamics.

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“I think he’s talking to persuadables,” the lawmaker said, referring to colleagues who were wavering over how to vote on witnesses.

Many GOP colleagues take Romney’s critiques of Trump with a grain of salt.

“I think most people attribute it to his guttural dislike of the president,” the senator said.

Romney famously delivered a searing speech in March of 2016 warning Republicans not to nominate Trump for the presidency, calling him a “con man,” a “phony” and a “fraud.”

He appeared to have the political momentum Monday morning after The New York Times reported the evening before that Bolton had claimed in an unpublished manuscript that Trump told him he wanted to freeze military aid to Ukraine until officials there announced an investigation into former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenTrump says he is 'seriously' considering a capital gains tax cut Why Joe Biden is in trouble Harris favored as Biden edges closer to VP pick MORE.

“I think it’s increasingly likely that other Republicans will join those of us who think we should hear from John Bolton,” he said on Monday.

At that moment some reporters were speculating that as many as 54 Republican senators might vote for witnesses. Independent Sen. Angus KingAngus KingSenate Democrats push to include free phone calls for incarcerated people in next relief package Trump's pitch to Maine lobstermen falls flat OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Court cancels shutdown of Dakota Access Pipeline | US could avoid 4.5M early deaths by fighting climate change, study finds | Officials warn of increasing cyber threats to critical infrastructure during pandemic MORE (Maine), who caucuses with Democrats, predicted on Monday that “five or 10” Republicans could vote for witnesses.

Romney had been in talks with a small group of senators, including Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsState aid emerges as major hurdle to reviving COVID-19 talks Senators ask for removal of tariffs on EU food, wine, spirits: report Coronavirus deal key to Republicans protecting Senate majority MORE (R-Maine), Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiOn The Money: Pessimism grows as coronavirus talks go down to the wire | Jobs report poised to light fire under COVID-19 talks | Tax preparers warn unemployment recipients could owe IRS Pessimism grows as coronavirus talks go down to the wire Hillicon Valley: Facebook removes Trump post | TikTok gets competitor | Lawmakers raise grid safety concerns MORE (R-Alaska) and Lamar AlexanderAndrew (Lamar) Lamar AlexanderSeveral GOP lawmakers express concern over Trump executive orders The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by the Air Line Pilots Association - Negotiators 'far apart' as talks yield little ahead of deadline Trump-backed Hagerty wins Tennessee GOP Senate primary MORE (R-Tenn.), even before the trial started to ensure that McConnell included language in the organizing resolution to guarantee a vote on considering additional witnesses and documents at the end of phase one of the trial.

Senate Republicans say anxiety was running high when they walked into their caucus lunch meeting on Monday, less than 24 hours after the news of Bolton’s manuscript. Romney made a passionate presentation in favor of calling Bolton to testify before the Senate.

But McConnell at the same lunch was able to derail Romney’s momentum by deploying his favorite tactic: invoking Senate process.

McConnell urged his colleagues to hold off on rushing to a decision on whether to call witnesses and wait until the end of the week, after the president’s lawyers had a chance to finish their opening arguments and senators had 16 hours to ask questions of the parties.

McConnell reminded colleagues that they had already voted for an organizing resolution that set up a vote on witnesses and didn’t have to comment on the issue before then.

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“He just reiterated that a couple times as did some other people just to remind us that we have dealt with this and we don’t have to deal with the next step of it until the end of phase one,” Sen. Kevin CramerKevin John CramerNo signs of breakthrough for stalemated coronavirus talks State aid emerges as major hurdle to reviving COVID-19 talks The Hill's Coronavirus Report: iBIO Chairman and CEO Thomas Isett says developing a safe vaccine is paramount; US surpasses 150,000 coronavirus deaths with roughy one death per minute MORE (R-N.D.) said after the lunch.

The Republican leader put his colleagues almost immediately at ease.

“Clearly we’re in a lot better frame of mind and a lot better shape than we were when we stepped in there,” one GOP senator said of how the collective blood pressure of fellow Republican senators after McConnell was able to blunt Romney’s call for witnesses at the lunch.  

Immediately after the meeting, newly appointed Sen. Kelly LoefflerKelly LoefflerMatt Lieberman faces calls to drop out of Georgia Senate race over 'racist and discriminatory' tropes in 2018 book The Hill's Campaign Report: COVID-19 puts conventions in flux  Sabato's Crystal Ball shifts Iowa Senate race to 'toss-up,' Georgia toward GOP MORE (R-Ga.), whom McConnell is backing in a Senate primary race against Rep. Doug CollinsDouglas (Doug) Allen CollinsMatt Lieberman faces calls to drop out of Georgia Senate race over 'racist and discriminatory' tropes in 2018 book Sabato's Crystal Ball shifts Iowa Senate race to 'toss-up,' Georgia toward GOP Loeffler knocks WNBA players for wearing shirts backing Democratic challenger MORE (R-Ga.), ripped Romney on Twitter.

“Sadly, my colleague @SenatorRomney wants to appease the left by calling witnesses who will slander the @realDonaldTrump during their 15 minutes of fame. The circus is over. It’s time to move on!” she wrote.

The GOP lawmaker who requested anonymity said Loeffler’s tweet reflected “pent-up frustration” among Senate Republicans.

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Romney on Wednesday downplayed the notion that he’s trying to meld his colleagues’ views on the need for witnesses.

“I have expressed my point of view in the Republican caucus and why I think the way I have, and I’ll let other senators reach their own conclusions,” he said.

He also said that it would be fair for Trump’s lawyers to call their own witnesses if Democrats were able to subpoena Bolton or other witnesses they’re seeking.

Romney deferred to McConnell as the party’s official vote-counter.

A Senate Republican aide familiar with internal discussions said that Romney has merely stated his views publicly in private meetings but is not actively lobbying his colleagues on how to vote.

On Tuesday, the momentum for witnesses among Republicans had slowed, but it was still a hot topic of conversation as they wrestled over the issue at a lunch meeting and then again at a 3 p.m. meeting held in a large room near McConnell’s Capitol office.

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Romney appeared to recognize the momentum among fellow Republicans had shifted against witnesses and did not follow up his forceful call on Monday for Bolton’s testimony with other impassioned arguments at later meetings.

“He said what he had to say and that’s it. He’s been very clear publicly and with his colleagues about his position,” said the Senate aid familiar with internal discussions.

McConnell warned his fellow GOP senators that voting for a motion to consider additional witnesses and subpoenas would give Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerChuck SchumerTo save the Postal Service, bring it online White House officials, Democrats spar over legality, substance of executive orders Schumer declines to say whether Trump executive orders are legal: They don't 'do the job' MORE (D-N.Y.) a chance to force votes on multiple subpoenas and could drag out the trial indefinitely.

He warned prolonging the trial would be a painful alternative path to the same result, an acquittal of Trump on the Senate floor.

Sen. Mike BraunMichael BraunSkepticism grows over Friday deadline for coronavirus deal Negotiators hit gas on coronavirus talks as frustration mounts Lawmakers aim for COVID-19 relief deal this week MORE (R-Ind.) said McConnell told colleagues at the Tuesday lunch to “look at the big picture in terms of what” voting for witnesses “means” and warned them “whatever we do here sets the stage for what might occur in the future.”

By mid-day Wednesday, Senate Republicans allied with Trump felt the push from fellow Republican senators for additional witnesses and documents had collapsed.

After McConnell and Murkowski, a key swing vote, held a 20- to 30-minute meeting Wednesday morning, the subject of calling additional witnesses didn’t receive any significant discussion at a lunch meeting.

Senators coming out of the meeting, which Murkowski skipped, voiced strong confidence that the question of witnesses had been settled and that McConnell had won.

“For those who agonize over hypothetical situations, let me tell you what the reality is: At this time Democrat Leader Chuck SchumerChuck SchumerTo save the Postal Service, bring it online White House officials, Democrats spar over legality, substance of executive orders Schumer declines to say whether Trump executive orders are legal: They don't 'do the job' MORE does not have the votes to call any witnesses,” Braun said.

Jordain Carney contributed.