Sen. Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyFive questions and answers about the debt ceiling fight Warren, Daines introduce bill honoring 13 killed in Kabul attack Overnight On The Money — Presented by Wells Fargo — GOP senator: It's 'foolish' to buy Treasury bonds MORE (R-Utah) said he would vote to convict President TrumpDonald TrumpCapitol fencing starts coming down after 'Justice for J6' rally Netanyahu suggests Biden fell asleep in meeting with Israeli PM Aides try to keep Biden away from unscripted events or long interviews, book claims MORE on the impeachment charge of abuse of power, describing his actions as an "appalling abuse of public trust."
In a stunning break with his party, Romney became the first Republican to say that he would find Trump guilty of an impeachment charge, with his remarks coming just hours before the Senate was set to vote.
“The grave question the Constitution tasks senators to answer is whether the president committed an act so extreme and egregious that it rises to the level of a high crime and misdemeanor. Yes, he did,” Romney said in remarks on the Senate floor.
Not a single GOP senator was in attendance for Romney's somber remarks on the floor and only a few Democrats were on hand in the chamber.
Romney, his party's presidential nominee in 2012, argued that Trump delayed funding for Ukraine, an American ally at war with Russia, for his own “personal” and “political” benefit.
“The president is guilty of an appalling abuse of public trust. What he did was not perfect. No, it was a flagrant assault of our electoral rights, our national security and our fundamental values,” he said.
Romney appeared to choke up as he stood for a long moment before delivering his verdict. He acknowledged it was a very difficult decision.
“I swore an oath before God to exercise impartial justice. I am profoundly religious. My faith is at the heart of who I am. I take an oath before God as enormously consequential,” he said.
His announcement surprised colleagues, who were expecting him to vote to acquit the president on both articles of impeachment after two other moderates, Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsWelcome to ground zero of climate chaos A tale of two chambers: Trump's power holds in House, wanes in Senate Bipartisan blip: Infrastructure deal is last of its kind without systemic change MORE (R-Maine) and Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiEmboldened Trump takes aim at GOP foes The Hill's 12:30 Report - Presented by Facebook - DC prepares for Saturday of festivals & Jan. 6 demonstration Republican leaders misjudged Jan. 6 committee MORE (R-Alaska), announced they would oppose the impeachment articles.
The vote firmly establishes Romney as the most independent senator and Trump’s chief critic in the Senate Republican conference.
It also gives Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiBiden pushes back at Democrats on taxes Yarmuth and Clyburn suggest .5T package may be slimmed Of partisan fights and follies, or why Democrats should follow Manchin, not Sanders MORE (D-Calif.) and Senate Democratic Leader Charles SchumerChuck SchumerBiden discusses agenda with Schumer, Pelosi ahead of pivotal week CEOs urge Congress to raise debt limit or risk 'avoidable crisis' If .5 trillion 'infrastructure' bill fails, it's bye-bye for an increasingly unpopular Biden MORE (D-N.Y.) a major symbolic victory in the wake of Trump’s State of the Union address, in which he appeared completely unchastened by the House’s impeachment vote and Senate trial.
Romney’s vote undercuts the Republican arguments that the impeachment effort was a purely partisan exercise — or “political toy,” in the words of Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellTrump seeking challenger to McConnell as Senate GOP leader: report Budget chairman: Debt ceiling fight 'a ridiculous position to be in' Buckle up for more Trump, courtesy of the Democratic Party MORE (R-Ky.).
He will be the first senator in American history to vote to remove a president from his own party from office.
The vote sparked an immediate backlash from Trump’s allies.
Donald Trump, Jr., the president’s eldest son, called for Romney to be expelled from the Senate GOP conference.
Mitt Romney is forever bitter that he will never be POTUS. He was too weak to beat the Democrats then so he’s joining them now.— Donald Trump Jr. (@DonaldJTrumpJr) February 5, 2020
He’s now officially a member of the resistance & should be expelled from the @GOP.
But that idea isn’t going to get traction with Republican senators.
Sen. Lamar AlexanderLamar AlexanderAuthorities link ex-Tennessee governor to killing of Jimmy Hoffa associate The Republicans' deep dive into nativism Senate GOP faces retirement brain drain MORE (R-Tenn.) said, “every senator has a right to vote how he or she feels,” while Sen. Richard ShelbyRichard Craig ShelbyCrypto debate set to return in force Press: Why is Mo Brooks still in the House? Eshoo urges Pelosi to amend infrastructure bill's 'problematic' crypto regulation language MORE (R-Ala.), one of the Senate’s most senior lawmakers, said “the party ought to be a big umbrella.”
Romney pushed last week to extend Trump’s impeachment trial, delivering a forceful argument at a Senate GOP lunch meeting in favor of a motion to subpoena additional witnesses and documents.
After The New York Times reported that former national security adviser John BoltonJohn BoltonOvernight Defense & National Security — Milley becomes lightning rod Joint Chiefs Chairman Milley becomes lightning rod on right Ex-Trump adviser Bolton defends Milley: 'His patriotism is unquestioned' MORE claimed in an unpublished manuscript that Trump explicitly linked military aid for Ukraine to an investigation of former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenCapitol fencing starts coming down after 'Justice for J6' rally Senate parliamentarian nixes Democrats' immigration plan Biden pushes back at Democrats on taxes MORE, Romney said, “It is increasingly apparent that it would be important” for the Senate to hear from him as a witness.
“I think it’s increasingly likely that other Republicans will join those of us who think we should hear from John Bolton,” he said.
Romney said Wednesday afternoon that one of the reasons he pushed hard for Bolton was the hope that he would be able to provide more information to fairly weight the House prosecutors’ arguments.
“I hoped that what he might say could raise reasonable doubt and thus remove from me the awful obligation to vote for impeachment,” he said.
In the end, however, only Collins voted with Romney and all 47 Senate Democrats to consider subpoenas for new evidence, which GOP leaders warned could extend the trial for weeks.
Romney had signaled to colleagues in private conversations that he would vote against Trump’s removal Wednesday, according to a Senate GOP aide not connected with Romney’s office. That fueled a general expectation within the Republican conference that not a single GOP senator would break ranks on the final vote.
But the Utah senator has had a rocky relationship with Trump.
He urged fellow Republicans in a scorching March 2016 speech not to nominate Trump for the presidency, calling him a “con man, a fake” and “a phony, a fraud.”
That may have hurt his persuasiveness with some GOP colleagues during the debate over witnesses. One Republican senator said there is a view within the conference that Romney’s arguments were motivated by a “guttural dislike of the president.”
Romney, who is 72, is less susceptible to political pressure from home than many of his colleagues, but a vote to convict Trump is a risky move even in Utah, where Trump is less popular than in other GOP strongholds.
He acknowledged he would likely face strong pushback at home for the vote.
“I’m aware there are people in my party and in my state who will strenuously disapprove of my decision and in some quarters I will be vehemently denounced. I’m sure to hear abuse from the president and his supporters,” he said.
Yet, he argued he had no choice but to vote his conscience.
“Does anyone seriously believe that I would consent to these consequences other than from an inescapable conviction that my oath before God demanded of me?” he added.
A Morning Consult poll published last month showed that Romney’s approval rating among Republicans in Utah had slipped in the last three months of 2019 compared to the prior quarter.
A UtahPolicy.com poll published in October showed Romney with a 46 percent approval rating and 51 percent disapproval rating.
Yet a more recent poll showed that Romney remains strong at home, despite his regular criticisms of Trump.
A Deseret News-Hinckley Institute of Politics poll published earlier this week showed that 53 percent of Utah voters surveyed gave Trump a positive job approval rating and 52 percent rated Romney favorably.
—Updated at 3:25 p.m.