Senate unanimously passes $2T coronavirus stimulus package

The Senate unanimously passed an approximately $2.2 trillion stimulus package late Wednesday night in an effort to jump-start an economy decimated by the coronavirus pandemic.

The bill provides aid for workers, small business and industries impacted in recent weeks by the virus. 

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Americans debate life under COVID-19 risks The 10 Senate seats most likely to flip Democratic leaders say Trump testing strategy is 'to deny the truth' about lack of supplies MORE (R-Ky.) compared the efforts by Congress to combat the coronavirus to being on a “wartime footing.” 

ADVERTISEMENT

“This is not even a stimulus package. It is emergency relief. Emergency relief. That’s what this is,” McConnell said Wednesday afternoon ahead of the vote.

Taking a victory lap after the vote, McConnell noted that the Senate had gone from a deeply partisan impeachment trial to an overwhelming bipartisan 96-0 vote in the span of the two months.

“This is a proud moment for the United States Senate and for the country, and we’re going to win this battle in the very near future,” he said. 

Congress has been under intense pressure to pass a third round of coronavirus relief funding as the United States saw a steady uptick of cases, which has rattled the markets and upended day-to-day American life. The bill marks an unprecedented attempt by the federal government to revive the economy and prevent a deep recession. The 2008 Troubled Asset Relief Program, by comparison, was $700 billion; the “phase two” coronavirus bill was $104 billion. 

The unanimous vote came roughly 22 hours after congressional leaders and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced just after 1 a.m. on Wednesday that they had clinched an agreement after more than five days of around-the-clock negotiations that kept lawmakers in the Capitol late into the night every day since Friday. 

Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.), who spearheaded the final days of talks with Mnuchin, characterized the agreement as a compromise for both parties and urged his colleagues to move quickly.  

ADVERTISEMENT

"We all know that not everyone is going to want every provision. We all know that so many things so many of us want are left out. But we all know we must do these things,” Schumer said.

The wide-reaching bill includes a $1,200 one-time check for individuals who make up to $75,000. That amount would scale down until it reached an annual income threshold of $99,000, where it would phase out altogether.  

It also provides $377 billion in small business aid, would defer federal student loan payments through Sept. 30 and would prevent money given under the bill to the Pentagon to be transferred to the border wall.  

Americans are being encouraged to practice social distancing, and some states have enacted wide-ranging orders to try to prevent the spread of the disease. To help address those changes, the bill also provides $100 billion for hospitals and $200 billion for other “domestic priorities,” including child care and assistance for seniors. 

The United States had 62,086 confirmed coronavirus cases as of late Wednesday afternoon, according to John Hopkins University. 

But Wednesday’s vote wasn’t without some eleventh-hour drama. Four GOP senators — Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamWhy do Americans worry about North Korea? Senate confirms Ratcliffe to be Trump's spy chief Abrams announces endorsements in 7 Senate races MORE (S.C.), Rick Scott (Fla.), Tim ScottTimothy (Tim) Eugene ScottJuan Williams: Justice Thomas seizes his moment in the Trump era The Hill's Campaign Report: Biden seeks to tamp down controversy over remarks about black support African American figures slam Biden on 'you ain't black' comments MORE (S.C.) and Ben Sasse (Neb.) — held a press conference seven hours before Wednesday’s vote raising red flags about what they termed a “drafting error” in the bill related to the bolstered unemployment provisions. 

The unemployment provision — which was negotiated by McConnell, Schumer and Mnuchin — includes four months of boosted unemployment benefits, including increasing the maximum unemployment benefit by $600. 

But Tim Scott, Graham and Sasse warned in a joint statement that they would “oppose the fast-tracking of this bill unless this text is addressed.” The GOP senators asked for an amendment vote to cap unemployment benefits at 100 percent of salary. If they got their vote, they said, they would let McConnell speed up the bill.  

In response, Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersHillicon Valley: Tech companies lead way on WFH forever | States and counties plead for cybersecurity assistance | Trump weighing anti-conservative bias panel Biden wins Hawaii primary Warren to host high-dollar fundraiser for Biden MORE (I-Vt.) warned that unless they dropped their demand he would also place a hold on the bill until language was added to ensure “stronger conditions are imposed on the $500 billion corporate welfare fund to make sure that any corporation receiving financial assistance under this legislation does not lay off workers, cut wages or benefits, ship jobs overseas or pay workers poverty wages.” 

Under Senate rules, any one senator can slow down the bill, delaying its passage for days. In the end, McConnell gave the GOP senators a vote on their amendment, which failed 48-48. Sixty votes were required for it to pass.

The unemployment provision wasn’t the only issue still being ironed out on Wednesday. Appropriators disclosed on Wednesday afternoon that they had agreed to include more than $15 billion in new Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program funding, which was a huge priority for House Democrats.

Negotiators also worked through the night Tuesday to finalize the language on the hundreds of billions in aid for impacted industries. The 700-plus page bill includes a $500 corporate liquidity fund to corporations; $25 billion would be set aside for U.S. airlines, $4 billion for air cargo carriers and $17 billion for other distressed companies related to critical national security. 

ADVERTISEMENT

And the bill was still being tweaked down to the final hours of the Senate’s debate, with multiple pieces of legislation alleged to be the “final draft” circulating. The text of the bill was filed at 10:03 p.m. on Wednesday. 

“Overnight and into today some various final matters were discussed and ultimately resolved,” said Eric Ueland, the White House director of legislative affairs. 

Asked about the delay, Ueland told The Hill that “continuing to see and review legislative language and continuing to make sure that everyone was comfortable with the pieces that were outstanding after the deal was announced last night.” 

A Democratic aide told The Hill that one provision that held up the bill on Wednesday was getting Republicans to include agreed upon language regarding oversight of the $500 billion corporate fund. 

“Republicans had left out agreed-upon language that requires the Treasury Department and Fed to publish for the public to see every seven days which companies and entities gain financing through Treasury’s lending of the bailout funds," the aide explained. "Without this language, this information could have been kept secret from public. Schumer held up the bill until GOP changed bill."

The bill now heads to the House, where lawmakers will try to pass the bill on Friday. Leadership wants to pass the bill without having to bring all members back to Washington, D.C., meaning they could either pass it by consent or a voice vote. 

ADVERTISEMENT

House Majority Leader Steny HoyerSteny Hamilton HoyerThis week: Surveillance fight sets early test for House's proxy voting House conservatives voice concerns over minority rights during remote hearings House slated to vote on FISA before end of the month MORE (D-Md.) announced on Wednesday night that they would try to pass it by voice vote on Friday. 

“Members are advised that the House will convene at 9 a.m. on Friday, March 27, 2020 to consider the bill,” Hoyer announced in a statement. “Members are further advised that due to the limited flight options, Members participating in self-quarantine, and several states mandating stay-at-home orders, we expect the bill to pass by voice vote on Friday.

Updated at 1:07 a.m.