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Harris to resign from Senate seat on Monday

Vice President-elect Kamala HarrisKamala HarrisRick Scott blocks Senate vote on top cyber nominee until Harris visits border Head of Border Patrol resigning from post Migrant children face alarming conditions in US shelter: BBC investigation MORE will resign from her Senate seat on Monday ahead of Wednesday's inauguration ceremony. 

Harris has already started the process by notifying California Gov. Gavin NewsomGavin NewsomCalifornia secretary of state confirms Newsom recall election Newsom overstated California's wildfire prevention efforts: report 70 percent of Californians over 12 have received one shot of coronavirus vaccine MORE (D). She's then expected to make an announcement on Monday resigning from her Senate seat, according to Harris aides. 

"She's notified Governor Newsom, and has sent her formal indication that she will be resigning on Monday, January 18. And then she will make a formal announcement on Monday," said an aide. 

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Newsom has already announced that he will appoint Alex PadillaAlex PadillaSchumer vows to only pass infrastructure package that is 'a strong, bold climate bill' Democratic divisions threaten Biden's voting push Senate Latino Democrats warn about low Hispanic vaccination rates MORE, California's secretary of state, to fill Harris's seat for the remainder of her term, which was scheduled to end in 2022.

Though the pick was lauded by labor unions and Latino organizations, it also rankled some who wanted Newsom to replace Harris with an African American woman. 

Harris is one of just three Black senators. Though the arrival of Sen.-elect Raphael WarnockRaphael WarnockExclusive: Conservative group targets vulnerable Democrats over abortion Racial reparations at the USDA Supreme Court battle could wreak havoc with Biden's 2020 agenda MORE (D-Ga.) will keep that overall number steady, Harris is the only Black female senator currently serving and just the second Black female senator in the chamber's history. 

Harris's ascension to the vice presidency will shatter one of the few remaining glass ceilings women face in politics as she becomes the highest-elected woman in American history. In addition to being the first female vice president, Harris is also the first Black, Indian and Caribbean American woman to serve in the country’s second-highest office. 

Harris was elected to the Senate in 2016. She quickly garnered the national spotlight for her sharp questioning style, including grilling then-Department of Homeland Security nominee John KellyJohn Francis KellyMORE, appearing to fluster then-Attorney General Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsThe Hill's Morning Report - After high-stakes Biden-Putin summit, what now? Border state governors rebel against Biden's immigration chaos Garland strikes down Trump-era asylum decisions MORE during a 2017 Judiciary Committee hearing and raising eyebrows when she asked then-Supreme Court nominee Brett KavanaughBrett Michael KavanaughSupreme Court strikes down FHFA director's firing protection Student athletes or independent contractors? Supreme Court moves the goalposts on the NCAA Supreme Court battle could wreak havoc with Biden's 2020 agenda MORE if he had ever discussed former special counsel Robert MuellerRobert (Bob) MuellerSenate Democrats urge Garland not to fight court order to release Trump obstruction memo Why a special counsel is guaranteed if Biden chooses Yates, Cuomo or Jones as AG Barr taps attorney investigating Russia probe origins as special counsel MORE's probe with anyone.  

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Harris teamed up with Republicans on issues such as election security and criminal justice reform during her Senate tenure. 

She also had high-profile fights with her GOP colleagues, including a heated floor debate with Sen. John CornynJohn CornynSenators say White House aides agreed to infrastructure 'framework' Cornyn calls on Biden and Harris to visit southern border: 'Y'all come visit' Progressive groups launch .5M ad buy to pressure Sinema on filibuster MORE (R-Texas) in June over a GOP police reform bill and separate anti-lynching legislation that Harris offered with Sens. Cory BookerCory BookerThousands sent to emergency rooms every year due to violent police encounters: investigation Democrats fear they are running out of time on Biden agenda Harris casts tiebreaking vote to confirm OPM nominee MORE (D-N.J.) and Tim ScottTimothy (Tim) Eugene ScottThousands sent to emergency rooms every year due to violent police encounters: investigation Democrats fear they are running out of time on Biden agenda White House says Biden crime address won't undercut police reform bill MORE (R-S.C.). Roughly a week later, she and Cornyn teamed up on legislation to shore up foreign media disclosures under the Foreign Agent Registration Act.

Though Harris is leaving her Senate seat, she's not technically leaving the Senate behind entirely. Harris will be sworn in on Wednesday by Supreme Court Justice Sonia SotomayorSonia SotomayorSupreme Court strikes down FHFA director's firing protection Congress must act to correct flaws in the First Step Act Biden's bad run: Is he doing worse in the courts than Trump? MORE as the country's next vice president. 

As vice president she also holds the role of being president of the Senate. The title allows Harris to preside over the chamber and break 50-50 ties, effectively handing Democrats the majority for the first time since 2014 once she is sworn in on Wednesday. 

Democrats failed to lock down the majority in November but squeaked out a 50-50 majority after winning the two Georgia runoff elections. 

"This is not a goodbye for Vice President-elect Harris," said a Harris aide. "As she resigns from the Senate, she's preparing to take an oath that will allow her to preside over it."