Mellman: ‘All politics is local’ isn’t true anymore

Mellman: ‘All politics is local’ isn’t true anymore
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Consider some facts, and contemplate their implication:

•    The number of congressional districts producing split decisions — supporting one party for president and the other for Congress — was lower in 2016 than at any point since 1920.

•      For the first time since 1916, 2016 produced a perfect correlation between Senate and presidential voting — every state that voted for Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpTrump: I hope voters pay attention to Dem tactics amid Kavanaugh fight South Korea leader: North Korea agrees to take steps toward denuclearization Graham calls handling of Kavanaugh allegations 'a drive-by shooting' MORE elected a Republican senator, while every state that supported Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonHillary Clinton: FBI investigation into Kavanaugh could be done quickly Hillary Clinton urges Americans to 'check and reject' Trump's 'authoritarian tendencies' by voting in midterms EXCLUSIVE: Trump says exposing ‘corrupt’ FBI probe could be ‘crowning achievement’ of presidency MORE chose a Democrat for Senate.

•      In the 1970s and 1980s, an average of 27 percent of voters split their tickets between the presidential and congressional races. More recently, a mere 10 percent of voters were ticket splitters.

•      The incumbency advantage, which reached its zenith in the 1980s and 1990s, has been cut in half, if not by three quarters, in recent cycles.

•      The correlation between the vote for Virginia governor in 2017 and president in 2016 was higher than the correlation between the gubernatorial vote in 2017 and the vote for that same office in 2013.

Taken together, these facts and others make clear that the aphorism attributed to former Speaker Tip O’Neill (D-Mass.), “All politics is local,” just isn’t true anymore.

Indeed, it is more accurate to say, “most politics is national.”

Put differently, we have moved from an era of candidate-centered elections to one of party-centered elections.

In 1972, Richard Nixon won reelection by a stunning 23-point margin, capturing every state but Massachusetts (and D.C.)

Meanwhile, Democrats won the national House vote by almost 6 points and captured 242 seats. Nearly half the nation’s congressional districts produced split decisions. The impact of the national tide on House and Senate races was muted, at most.

Such a result would be unimaginable today. Last year, the percentage of split decision districts plummeted to a mere 8 percent.

It could happen in 1972 because candidates mattered more than party.

It’s so unlikely today because party often matters more than candidates.

Votes for president in the last election tell us as much, or more, about the vote for House and Senate — and even governor — in the next election, than do previous levels of support for those same local candidates.

Split Senate delegations offer clear evidence of the triumph of the personal over the party. In such cases, one of the two senators emerged victorious despite the partisan lean of the state.

In 1978, 26 states — a majority — were represented by one senator from each party. Today, half as many — just 13 states — carry that distinction.

Incumbents were once able to insulate themselves from national trends in part by using their offices, in perfectly legitimate ways, to enhance their reputations — and get votes.

They sent baby books to new parents, certificates to high school graduates, franked mail to those interested in issues, took positions on key issues and brought pork to local communities.

Moreover, they carved out personal reputations — for independence or constituent service or issue expertise or friendliness and accessibility.

Those hard-won incumbent advantages have largely dissipated. The uniqueness of individual candidates appears to have been swamped by partisan tides.

None of this is to suggest that candidates don’t count. They surely do.

That’s why we have Sens. Heidi HeitkampMary (Heidi) Kathryn HeitkampThe Memo: Kavanaugh firestorm consumes political world Kavanaugh becomes September surprise for midterm candidates Kavanaugh, accuser to testify publicly on Monday MORE (D-N.D.), Claire McCaskillClaire Conner McCaskillOvernight Health Care: Senators target surprise medical bills | Group looks to allow Medicaid funds for substance abuse programs | FDA launches anti-vaping campaign for teens Bipartisan senators unveil proposal to crack down on surprise medical bills The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by United Against Nuclear Iran — Kavanaugh and his accuser will testify publicly MORE (D-Mo.), Joe DonnellyJoseph (Joe) Simon DonnellyThe Memo: Kavanaugh firestorm consumes political world Kavanaugh becomes September surprise for midterm candidates Kavanaugh, accuser to testify publicly on Monday MORE (D-Ind.), Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinThe Memo: Kavanaugh firestorm consumes political world Kavanaugh becomes September surprise for midterm candidates Kavanaugh, accuser to testify publicly on Monday MORE (D-W.Va.) and Doug Jones (D-Ala.), as well as Govs. Charlie Baker (R-Mass.) and Larry Hogan (R-Md.).

However, it is increasingly difficult for even the strongest candidates to overcome the partisan disposition of their states and districts.

Most candidates can’t escape the gravitational pull of partisanship, though sometimes the very best can (especially when they run against the worst.)

Scholars debate whether the cause lies with the voters or the candidates.

Have voters become stuck in their partisan ways or are the parties now offering more ideologically uniform candidates?

Whatever the cause, though, most politics is now national, not local.

Mellman is President of The Mellman Group and has helped elect 30 U.S. Senators, 12 Governors and dozens of House Members. Mellman served as pollster to Senate Democratic Leaders for over 20 years and as President of the American Association of Political Consultants.