Why is Pennsylvania once again the center of attention?

Why is Pennsylvania once again the center of attention?
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As Tuesday night’s special election in Pennsylvania’s 18th Congressional District approached, the nation’s political watchers, pundits and the voting public were again focused on Pennsylvania, a perennial battleground state. This is a reminder that in the 2020 presidential election, Pennsylvania and a handful of battleground states will, once again, be the focus of the presidential campaigns.

Yes, Pennsylvania is an important state. The needs and issues of concern to Pennsylvania voters matter, but in reality, should a soon-to-be defunct congressional district — and its perceived implications for the 2020 presidential election — be at the center of the political universe? Unfortunately, the current system of electing the President and the state-based, winner-take-all awarding of electors gives battleground states such as Pennsylvania an out-sized influence in presidential elections.

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“Battleground” states receive 7 percent more federal grants than “spectator” states, twice as many presidential disaster declarations, additional Superfund enforcement exemptions, and increased No Child Left Behind exemptions. A recent example of federal policy being implemented to pander to a battleground electorate is tariffs on foreign steel and aluminum. While a 25 percent tariff might be good for a small segment of Pennsylvania voters, those in the steel industry, this increase does not help Pennsylvanian or American farmers, manufacturers, brewers and a host of other businesses who depend on access to the foreign steel markets. These increased costs of production will invariably be passed on to consumers, including consumers in Pennsylvania.

 

As history shows, when U.S. trade policy targets imported industrial goods, such as steel, the agriculture sector feels the effects. In 2017, America sold approximately $1 billion in grain to China. How will a retaliatory Chinese tariff on grain affect Midwestern farmers? The European Union is considering tariffs on orange juice, bourbon, cranberries and peanut butter. How will this impact Florida orange growers, Southern distillers and grain producers, the Wisconsin cranberry market or Georgia peanut growers? What happens when foreign countries and markets retaliate against these new tariffs? What will be the economic impact on automakers, motorcycle companies, the agriculture sector and the myriad of other businesses that export products to the foreign markets?

Do you see the snowball effect when presidential electoral math dictates trade policy that is detrimental to the business community and the country as a whole? 

Under our current system of state-based, winner-take-all contests, electoral politics circumvents public policy, while ignoring the voters in 35-40 states.

There is a solution: National Popular Vote.

National Popular Vote is an interstate compact wherein compacting states, through their constitutionally provided powers, agree to award their electors en bloc to the candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states. Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution is clear on the state power and interest in awarding electors. It says, “Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors…” State legislatures — and only state legislatures — are empowered to choose the method of awarding electors. National Popular Vote simply asks the legislative bodies in each of the states if it’s in their best interest to award their electors on the basis of the popular vote. It preserves the state-based power to award electors, but makes every voter in every state politically relevant in every presidential election. 

Ten states and the District of Columbia (165 electoral votes) have enacted National Popular Vote legislation. This legislation has passed 35 state legislative chambers in 23 states.

It's the constitutionally appropriate way to provide systemic reform of our presidential election system and right size the power and influence of battleground states. This is not about making battleground states and their voters irrelevant. It makes all voters in all states relevant, and it's non-partisan. 

A national popular vote for president is not a Republican or Democratic idea, and it is not being driven by simply the two major parties. In 2016, 154 Republican legislators and 162 Democrat legislators sponsored National Popular Vote legislation. The compact enjoys the support of Michael Steele, Howard Dean, Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiDemocrats gear up for high-stakes Judiciary hearing White House, Democrats strike tentative deal to create Space Force in exchange for federal parental leave benefits: report Trump: Fox News 'panders' to Democrats by having on liberal guests MORE and Newt Gingrich. Many conservatives, liberals and moderates believe the current system is broken and believe their ideas can win support from a majority of the American people.

We should urge state legislatures across our nation to take action, to exert their plenary powers, and to reform our presidential election process to make every voter, in every state, relevant in every presidential election.

Ray Haynes is the senior consultant to National Popular Vote. He is also a former member the California State Assembly and California State Senate, serving as assistant Republican leader and Republican whip. He also serves as the President of the Institute for Research on Presidential Elections.