Accomplishing this, however, is easier said than done. To be successful, messaging has to excite the base and drive turnout, but also successfully appeal to independents and moderate swing voters. It’s a difficult problem that at times seems like it’s without a solution; often, what excites the base alienates independents and vice versa.
Yet, there is a strategy that both parties could easily follow that would vastly improve their chances at the polls: Emphasize effective solutions on issues, rather than using them as a tool to divide voters.
Republicans have the inherent disadvantage going into the midterms, by being the party in control of the White House and Congress. Historically, the party in power loses seats during the midterms. However, it would go a long way if Republicans stopped governing in a manner that the overwhelming majority of Americans considers to be irresponsible.
In particular, Republicans need to make sure they don’t acquiesce to President TrumpDonald TrumpNorth Korea conducts potential 6th missile test in a month Kemp leading Perdue in Georgia gubernatorial primary: poll US ranked 27th least corrupt country in the world MORE’s calls for a government shutdown in response to Democrats’ refusal to fund a border wall. Recent history demonstrates that voters view shutdowns — and those who cause them, regardless of party — unfavorably. With all three branches of government under their control, Republicans will inevitably be the ones blamed if a shutdown does occur, a politically deadly prospect so close to the midterms.
Yet, despite Trump’s proven capacity to sway rank-and-file congressional Republicans to his side, party leadership does not seem to be taking his threats seriously. When asked what they thought of Trump’s threats, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSchumer vows to vote on Biden Supreme Court pick with 'all deliberate speed' It's time for 'Uncle Joe' to take off the gloves against Manchin and Sinema Democrats should ignore Senators Manchin and Sinema MORE and Senate President Pro Tem Orrin HatchOrrin Grant HatchMeet Washington's most ineffective senator: Joe Manchin Lobbying world Congress, stop holding 'Dreamers' hostage MORE gave dangerously naive answers: McConnell said he was “optimistic we can avoid a government shutdown,” while Hatch argued that President Trump “knows that [a shutdown] would be a disaster.” Hopeful words are not enough. Senior Republicans in the Senate must actively whip votes against a shutdown if they are to avoid a damaging political quagmire right before the midterms.
From here, the Republicans’ messaging-strategy options get harder. A government shutdown can be avoided by simply taking the path of least resistance: passing a spending bill that does not include funding for a wall and overriding a veto if needed. However, while keeping the government open has broad appeal across the political spectrum, other controversial issues — such as whether to support the Mueller investigation, or whether to emphasize immigration — expose major rifts between the party’s conservative base and the independents that Republicans will need to maintain control of Congress.
A recent Reuters poll on voters’ opinions of Trump’s handling of immigration illuminates this divide. While more than 80 percent of registered Republicans approve of that, the poll also shows that a majority of independents disapprove. The results on special counsel Robert MuellerRobert (Bob) MuellerAn unquestioning press promotes Rep. Adam Schiff's book based on Russia fiction Senate Democrats urge Garland not to fight court order to release Trump obstruction memo Why a special counsel is guaranteed if Biden chooses Yates, Cuomo or Jones as AG MORE are much the same: A recent CNN poll showed that just 27 percent of independents approved of President Trump’s handling of the investigation, compared with 52 percent who disapprove.
For Republicans to succeed in November, they need to stop running on issues on which their conservative base and independent voters hold opposing viewpoints.
Former Republican Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist had the right idea when he wrote in the Washington Post, “It isn’t easy to tell a president of your own party that he is wrong. But the assault on Mueller’s investigation does not help the president or his party.”
Instead of attacking Mueller, Republicans should focus on messaging that has broad appeal across the political spectrum, like the strength of the economy.
While Democrats don’t control the White House, and therefore don’t have the same risk of committing an unforced error like a government shutdown, they do face similar challenges avoiding issues on which their base and independents are split.
To win in November, Democrats need to stop pushing far-left policies to the forefront of their messaging, such as Medicare-for-all or a jobs guarantee, as these proposals alienate all but the most liberal voters. A socialized jobs or health care plan would either balloon the deficit or require massive tax increases which, either way, plays right into the Republicans’ hands of accusing Democrats of being the party of big taxes and even bigger spending.
While recent polls show that Medicare-for-all and a jobs guarantee both garner middling support from voters, it’s important to remember that this is before the issues encounter the pushback and debate that would inevitably come from Republicans, if Democrats double-down on them in coming months.
The pushback by Republicans would largely focus on how expensive they are, and polls show this argument could seriously resonate with voters. In a recent poll conducted by the Global Strategy Group, 54 percent of respondents said they believed our country to be on the wrong track with regard to our handling of the national debt, compared to just 34 percent who said we were heading in the right direction. That poll, and others like it, show just how vulnerable Democrats would be to Republican attack lines if they started to advocate more loudly for these policies.
With radical elements in both major parties advocating policies that are unpopular with the majority of the electorate, who controls Congress after November’s midterms will largely come down to which side best keeps their messaging focused on bread-and-butter issues such as the economy, tax reform that is equitable for working- and middle-class Americans, and good governance.
Douglas E. Schoen (@DouglasESchoen) served as a pollster for President Clinton. A longtime political consultant, he is also a Fox News contributor and the author of 11 books, including “Putin’s Master Plan: To Destroy Europe, Divide NATO, and Restore Russian Power and Global Influence.”