Biden has a lot at stake in first debate

Biden has a lot at stake in first debate
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For all the chatter about the stakes as 20 Democratic presidential candidates take the debate stages this week, the contest probably won't look much different Friday than it does today.

Political debates with a field this large this early rarely alter the dynamics of the race.

An exception was four years ago when Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpButtigieg surges ahead of Iowa caucuses Biden leads among Latino Democrats in Texas, California Kavanaugh hailed by conservative gathering in first public speech since confirmation MORE's bombasts and insults, including a vulgar attack on a female moderator, surprisingly captivated Republican voters.

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There is no Trump-like demagogue in the Democratic field; it probably wouldn't work if there were.

One of the non-front-runners will try a breakout ploy, but that rarely works except possibly providing a temporary blip. In a 1972 Democratic debate an obscure candidate pulled out a fake rat — hardly anyone remembers who. (His name was Ned Coll).

One of the also-rans may say something foolish, ending a futile quest. In 2011, Texas Gov. Rick PerryRick PerryOvernight Energy: Perry replacement faces Ukraine questions at hearing | Dem chair demands answers over land agency's relocation | Ocasio-Cortez, Sanders unveil 0B Green New Deal public housing plan Ex-Ukraine ambassador testifies in impeachment hearing: Five things to watch Perry replacement moves closer to confirmation despite questions on Ukraine MORE couldn't remember the three federal departments he wanted to eliminate. (The one he forgot was Energy which, under the Trump Administration, he now heads.)

The debates will take place on consecutive evenings; the second forum will focus on the front-runner, former Vice President Joseph Biden, who will be queried and challenged about a series of recent gaffes.

The rules, set by the Democratic National Committee with a drawing for which candidates will participate each night, has flaws. It excludes Montana Gov. Steve BullockSteve BullockBiden, Buttigieg condemn rocket attacks on Israel Press: Another billionaire need not apply Obama's former chief economist advising Buttigieg MORE, former chair of the Democratic Governor's Association and includes Marianne WilliamsonMarianne Williamson 2020 Democrats demand action on guns after Santa Clarita shooting Williamson announces poverty plan with support for universal basic income, minimum wage Yang seeks donations for 2020 rival Marianne Williamson: 'She has much more to say' MORE, an author of self-help or motivational books. Of the five top tier candidates, four are bunched into the second night; the first night includes only Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenButtigieg surges ahead of Iowa caucuses Biden leads among Latino Democrats in Texas, California Following school shooting, Biden speaks out: 'We have to protect these kids' MORE who has gained on, in some cases blown past, Vermont Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersButtigieg surges ahead of Iowa caucuses Biden leads among Latino Democrats in Texas, California On The Money: Trump appeals to Supreme Court to keep tax returns from NY prosecutors | Pelosi says deal on new NAFTA 'imminent' | Mnuchin downplays shutdown threat | Trump hits Fed after Walmart boasts strong earnings MORE among left wing followers.

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Sanders, California Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisBiden leads among Latino Democrats in Texas, California Overnight Health Care: Cigarette smoking rates at new low | Spread of vaping illness slowing | Dems in Congress push to block Trump abortion rule Democratic senators introduce bill to push ICE to stop 'overuse' of solitary confinement MORE and South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete ButtigiegPeter (Pete) Paul ButtigiegButtigieg surges ahead of Iowa caucuses Overnight Health Care: Cigarette smoking rates at new low | Spread of vaping illness slowing | Dems in Congress push to block Trump abortion rule Ocasio-Cortez jabs 'plutocratic' late entrants to 2020 field MORE, the other main challengers to the former Vice President, will be on the same stage the next night with a limited opportunity to confront the front-runner.

Biden, who still enjoys a big lead in the polls, unnerved Democrats last week when, in noting his ability to work with those he disagrees with, cited Mississippi's segregationist Sen. Jim Eastland when he first came to the Senate in the 1970s.

On the merits he was on point. Ted Kennedy, the liberal lion of the Senate, got his aide, Stephen BreyerStephen BreyerDivided Supreme Court leans toward allowing Trump to end DACA Justices wrestle with reach of Clean Water Act Justices appear divided over expanding police officers' traffic stop power MORE, confirmed as a federal judge in a lame duck session when Republicans were about to take over the Senate because of his relationship with segregationist Sen. Strom Thurmond; Breyer went on to become a Supreme Court Justice. Liberal icon Sen. George McGovern worked with farm state segregationists on legislation providing food stamps for poor people.

Two decades ago, Sen. Biden, in concert with racist North Carolina Sen. Jesse Helms, passed measures that avoided the United States being eviscerated in the United Nations. 

But he was appallingly tone deaf to cite Eastland; the racist Mississippian was succeeded by Thad CochranWilliam (Thad) Thad CochranMike Espy announces Mississippi Senate bid Biden has a lot at stake in first debate The Hill's Morning Report — Trump turns the page back to Mueller probe MORE, a moderate Republican who served 40 years and died last month. That underscores how yesterday this unfortunate reference was, reinforcing a problem for the 76-year-old Biden.

Democratic strategists warn he can't create many more of these traps. He has to stop looking in the rear view mirror and repeat — and repeat — he was chosen Vice President by Barack ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaWhat are Republicans going to do after Donald Trump leaves office? Krystal Ball: Patrick's 2020 bid is particularly 'troublesome' for Warren Deval Patrick: Biden 'misses the moment' in 2020 campaign MORE and he can beat Trump. More than ideology or background, the chief motivating force for Democratic voters this time is to win; Obama is the most popular figure in politics.

Only when the field is significantly winnowed, starting later this year, are telling political or policy exchanges really possible. In 1980, when Ronald Reagan, stealing a line from a movie, famously claimed he was paying for the microphone, it was a one-on-one New Hampshire debate against George H.W. Bush.

But even with ten contenders on the stage, each has to be cognizant they always are on. In a 1987 debate, the television pool camera would cut away to any candidate who was criticized by another. Two of the candidates were Jesse Jackson, a minister, and Paul Simon, a straight-laced Illinois Senator. When Jackson, in a biblical allusion, referred to "Simon the leper," the cameras immediately turned to the benign, bow tie-clad Paul Simon.

 Albert R. Hunt is the former executive editor of Bloomberg News. He previously served as reporter, bureau chief and Washington editor for the Wall Street Journal. For almost a quarter-century he wrote a column on politics for the Wall Street Journal, then the International New York Times and Bloomberg View. Follow him on Twitter @alhuntdc.