Women need criminal justice reform

Women need criminal justice reform
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When Kim Kardashian West went to the White House to fight for criminal justice reform, some people may have rolled their eyes, thinking it was another celebrity seeking attention. Yet, Kardashian West successfully lobbied President TrumpDonald John TrumpJimmy Carter: 'I hope there's an age limit' on presidency White House fires DHS general counsel: report Trump to cap California trip with visit to the border MORE to secure the early release of Alice Johnson.

Perhaps a woman was needed to prod along the case of a grandmother serving a life sentence for her drug crimes as a nonviolent first time offender. The commutation of one woman is symbolic and encouraging, but one release does not mark the systemic change our nation needs.

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President Trump threw his support behind a bipartisan criminal justice reform bill this month. Republicans and Democrats have a significant opportunity to follow the will of the electorate on this issue and work across party lines to bring about transformative reform that will help men and women in our justice system. They cannot squander it.

We often focus on women as the loved ones of incarcerated men, caretakers of children with a parent behind bars, and breadwinners for families. This overlooks the female prison population and their challenges. Women behind bars face many of the same obstacles that men do, including harsh sentences, severe penalties, and lack of opportunities.

They also face challenges unique to their gender. Some 1.2 million women are under the supervision of the criminal justice system, comprising about 18 percent of adults in the system. The federal female prison population has been rising at twice the rate of growth for men, skyrocketing from 13,000 women in back in 1980 to more than 110,000 women in 2016.

Women are less likely to have committed violent crimes than men. They are more likely to commit to property crimes such as larceny theft and fraud, as well as drug offenses and crimes, including possession and trafficking, than men. There are human costs, fiscal costs, and societal costs attached to our current approach to corrections that have not been addressed effectively. Congress now has a chance to pass incremental but meaningful reform that can help the federal female prison population.

The Senate proposal, known as the First Step Act, reduces mandatory sentences on drug offenses and grants judges greater discretion in using them, which could affect thousands of federal inmates. This effort could also tackle the “girlfriend problem” in which some women suffer severe and harsh punishments for being connected to a violent offender. Lawmakers want to open up more opportunities for education and skills training behind bars. This would give inmates a chance to be productive members of society. Nothing kills recidivism like the ability to work.

As a pregnant woman, I am encouraged by the proposal to end the shackling of pregnant inmates. The government banned this practice for all federal prisons in 2008 and for good reason. The health and safety of pregnant women and their babies are at risk during daily routines of confinement as well as during labor, delivery, and recovery. Yet, the practice of shackling still persists. With an estimated 2,000 births each year while women are held in custody, stories abound of miscarriages from shackled inmates falling or hurting themselves during delivery.

In addition, women would be given free sanitary pads and tampons. If other hygiene products come complimentary for federal inmates, why not menstrual products for women? These are by no means the biggest areas of reform that advocates want to see, but they represent a first step forward and one that could be attainable in this session of Congress.

Public opinion supports Congress taking these actions. According to recent polling, 82 percent support the First Step Act including changes to mandatory sentencing, efforts to aid reentry, and ending the shackling of pregnant female inmates. In separate polling, 90 percent support providing basic hygiene products to incarcerated women free of charge, and 86 percent support banning the shackling of pregnant women.

Reform if of course not an effort to open the gates for dangerous criminals into our communities or a signal that those who break the law will get off the hook with no accountability for their actions. Reform recognizes that we can be smart about punishments and reentry. People should be punished and serve reasonable penance for their crimes, but they also need a chance at a productive life afterward so that they do not revert to the same behaviors and crimes that landed them in trouble to begin with.

Most Americans believe that the main goal of our criminal justice system should be to rehabilitate people to become law abiding citizens after serving time. The First Step Act may be one of the best opportunities to fix some broken areas of our criminal justice system to make it happen.

Patrice Lee Onwuka is a senior policy analyst with the Independent Women’s Forum. You can follow her on Twitter @PatricePinkFile.