On Tuesday, marijuana was favorable among voters. In Michigan, voters approved Proposal 1, legalizing the adult use, cultivation, and retail marketing of marijuana. Michigan is the first Midwest state to legalize adult marijuana use and sales, and it is the tenth state to do so overall. An estimated 25 percent of the U.S. population now resides in a jurisdiction where the adult use and possession of cannabis is legal.
Marijuana also won big in Missouri and Utah. In both states, voters approved ballot initiatives legalizing medical cannabis access. They are the 32nd and 33rd states to do so.
They will not be the last. In four states — Connecticut, Michigan, Minnesota, Illinois — voters on Tuesday elected governors who openly campaigned on a platform that included legalizing adult marijuana use. In California and Colorado voters elected governors with a long-history of spearheading legalization reform efforts. And in Maine and in New Mexico, two of the nation’s most rabid marijuana prohibitionists: Paul LePage and Susana Martinez, have been replaced by governors who have expressed support for enacting common-sense cannabis reforms.
Some of these statewide election results are already paying dividends. Within hours of his election, Illinois Gov.-elect J.B. Pritzker publicly pledged to move forward with adult use legalization legislation within his first days in office. In Michigan, Gov.-elect Gretchen Whitmer immediately expressed interest in pursuing executive action to free inmates incarcerated for marijuana-related violations and to vacate the records of thousands of those saddled with past convictions.
The 2016 midterm results also bode well for the prospects of federal marijuana policy reforms. Most notably, Congress’ chief marijuana prohibitionist — Pete SessionsPeter Anderson SessionsThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Emergent BioSolutions - Facebook upholds Trump ban; GOP leaders back Stefanik to replace Cheney Ex-Trump aide Pierson planning run for Congress READ: The Republicans who voted to challenge election results MORE (R-Texas) — lost his re-election bid. For years, Rep. Sessions used his position as Chairman of the House Rules Committee to block House floor members from voting on marijuana-related. His actions single-handedly killed dozens of popular, bipartisan-led reforms — such as facilitating medical cannabis access to military veterans and amending federal banking laws so that licensed marijuana businesses are treated like other legal industries.
But Rep. Sessions is not the only prohibitionist leaving Congress. Bob GoodlatteRobert (Bob) William GoodlatteThe job of shielding journalists is not finished Bottom line No documents? Hoping for legalization? Be wary of Joe Biden MORE (R-Va.)– who as House Judiciary Chair failed to call any significant marijuana bills for hearings — has retired and will no longer be in Congress following the conclusion of this term.
With Sessions and Goodlatte out of power and with Democrats now firmly in control of the House of Representatives, it would be political malpractice for the Party to not prioritize enacting comprehensive marijuana policy reform in the 116th Congress. According to data compiled by The Brookings Institution, 84 percent of 2018 Democratic primary voters “believe marijuana should be legal and regulated.”
Finally, in the hours following the midterms it was announced that Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsOvernight Hillicon Valley — Apple issues security update against spyware vulnerability Stanford professors ask DOJ to stop looking for Chinese spies at universities in US Overnight Energy & Environment — Democrats detail clean electricity program MORE was out as U.S. Attorney General. As both a congressman and as AG, Sessions was vocal in his opposition to cannabis policy reform — having once remarked, “Good people don’t smoke marijuana.
During his tenure as Attorney General, his office rescinded the 2013 Cole memorandum, which directed prosecutors not to interfere in state-sanctioned marijuana activity. Sessions’ vacancy provides for an opportunity for President TrumpDonald TrumpJan. 6 committee chair says panel will issue a 'good number' of additional subpoenas Overnight Defense & National Security — Presented by AM General — Pentagon officials prepare for grilling Biden nominates head of Africa CDC to lead global AIDS response MORE to stand by his campaign pledge in support of letting individual states decide marijuana policy.
With 33 states now recognizing the medical use of cannabis, and with 10 states having legalized the use and sales of marijuana for all adults, it is pivotal that the next U.S. Attorney General be someone who recognizes that most Americans want cannabis to be legally regulated and that they oppose any actions from the Justice Department to interfere with these state-sanctioned efforts.
Paul Armentano is the deputy director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. He is the co-author of the book, Marijuana Is Safer: So Why Are We Driving People to Drink? and the author of the book, The Citizen’s Guide to State-By-State Marijuana Laws.