Suspend sale of E15 gasoline

The
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and gasoline retailers should
suspend the sale of E15 gasoline until more is done to protect consumers
from the potential for costly auto damage and voided warranties.

{mosads}Research to date raises serious concerns that E15, a fuel blend
consisting of 15 percent ethanol and 85 percent gasoline, could cause
accelerated engine wear and failure, fuel system damage and other
problems such as false “check engine” lights. 
The potential damage could result in costly repairs for
unsuspecting consumers. This is especially tough for most motorists
given that only about 40 percent of Americans have enough in savings to
afford a major auto repair. 
In June, the EPA approved the use of E15, and a handful of gas
stations in Nebraska, Iowa and Kansas have begun to sell this fuel.
There is a strong likelihood that retailers will market E15 in
additional states soon unless regulators take immediate action to
protect consumers.
Nearly all of the gasoline sold in the United States today is E10,
which contains up to 10 percent ethanol, primarily produced from corn.
The ethanol industry has lobbied hard to increase the amount of ethanol
allowed in gasoline as a way to increase sales and help meet the
Renewable Fuel Standard. 
AAA’s concern with E15 is not about ethanol. In fact, AAA believes
that ethanol-blended fuels have the potential to save Americans money
and reduce the nation’s dependency on fossil fuels. The problem is that
available research, including the EPA’s exhaust emissions tests, does
not provide sufficient evidence that E15 is safe to use in most
vehicles. 
The ethanol industry’s response to reports of damage caused by E15
is that it is the most tested fuel in the EPA’s history. The caveat to
this assertion is that while the agency did test E15, its research
focused primarily on exhaust emissions and associated components such as
catalytic converters. While this research was consistent with the EPA’s
mission, it never fully examined whether E15 might damage engines and
fuel systems. 
Some of those supporting E15 admit the fuel could cause damage. For
example, the Renewable Fuels Association warned retailers that some
underground storage tank systems, both new and used, exhibited reduced
levels of safety and performance when exposed to E15. In addition,
earlier this year the industry testified before Congress in support of
legislation that proposed to give fuel producers blanket liability
protections, while providing no protections to motorists. If the
industry is not confident enough to take responsibility for the risks of
E15, is it right that the risks be passed onto consumers? 
Automakers advise they could void warranties for anyone using E15.
Five manufacturers  — BMW, Chrysler, Nissan, Toyota and Volkswagen —
state their warranties will not cover E15 claims. Eight additional
automakers — GM, Ford, Honda, Hyundai, Kia, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz and
Volvo — say that E15 does not comply with fuel requirements specified in
most owners’ manuals and may void warranties. It is difficult to
comprehend why the EPA would choose to ignore all these warnings.
The automakers’ position is understandable given that most cars
were never designed for E15. Only about 5 percent, or 12 million of the
more than 240 million light-duty vehicles on U.S. roads today, are
approved by manufacturers to use the fuel. These vehicles include
flex-fuel models, 2001 and newer Porsches, 2012 and newer GM vehicles
and 2013 Fords. So unless you drive a Porsche or a brand-new car, you
could be out of luck when it comes to E15.
The only responsible action to take now is to suspend the sale of
E15 until consumers are better informed and protected at the pump. AAA
did not come to this decision lightly. We arrived at this recommendation
only after extensively reviewing the existing research, surveying
automakers and conducting a national poll finding that only 5 percent of
Americans had heard of E15. 
The simple truth is that E15 is a product not yet ready for public
consumption, and government regulators have an obligation to suspend
sales until these issues are addressed.
AAA recommends the
EPA, fuel producers and automakers collectively develop a long-term plan
that promotes public education while implementing improved labeling and
warnings at the pump. Additional research also is necessary to better
understand the full consequences of using E15 in older and newer
vehicles.
AAA urges regulators and the renewable fuels industry to consider
the interests of consumers first by immediately suspending the sale of
E15 before American motorists are left footing the bill. 
Darbelnet is president and CEO of AAA.
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