A sweeping elections bill passed by the House on Wednesday night would boost cybersecurity measures and focus on countering foreign interference efforts like the kind that affected the 2016 and 2018 elections.
The bill, which the House passed on a mostly party-line vote of 220-210, marks a major effort by Democrats to tackle both voting reforms, such as increasing access to the polls through use of mail-in ballots, and cybersecurity upgrades.
Among issues included in H.R. 1 is a requirement that states use voter-verified paper ballots as part of the election process, a move supporters have pointed to as a vital safety net to check votes in the event of election tampering.
It also allocates funding to enable the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) to give grants to states to replace outdated and potentially insecure voting machines, along with authorizing funds for states to carry out election audits.
Further, states would be required to take steps to strengthen the security of voter registration databases against cyberattacks, test voting systems nine months before each federal general election, and mandate the director of national intelligence to submit a report to both Congress and each chief state election official detailing cybersecurity threats prior to federal elections.
The White House would also be pulled into the effort to defend against threats to elections, with the president required to produce a national strategy to defend democratic institutions, and produce an implementation plan for this strategy, within 90 days of the bill becoming law.
“The time is now to ensure each American has the same free, fair, secure, and equitable access to the ballot,” House Administration Committee Chairwoman Zoe LofgrenZoe Ellen LofgrenLofgren: Many Jan. 6 panel witnesses are former Trump officials One congressional committee is rejecting partisanship to protect state votes Equilibrium/Sustainability — Presented by Southern Company — China's president to video in for climate confab MORE (D-Calif.), who spearheaded the bill, said in a statement Wednesday night.
The House passed a similar measure in the previous Congress, but it failed to advance in the Senate.
Amendments addressing both cybersecurity and disinformation threats to elections were also included in the House-passed version of the For the People Act on Wednesday.
The bill includes bipartisan legislation introduced by Reps. Abigail SpanbergerAbigail Davis SpanbergerWith Build Back Better, Dems aim to correct messaging missteps Sunday shows preview: New COVID-19 variant emerges; supply chain issues and inflation persist On The Money — Biden sticks with Powell despite pressure MORE (D-Va.) and John KatkoJohn Michael KatkoSunday shows preview: New COVID-19 variant emerges; supply chain issues and inflation persist Lawmakers increasingly anxious about US efforts against Russian hackers GOP senators appalled by 'ridiculous' House infighting MORE (R-N.Y.) that addresses foreign disinformation by requiring the inclusion of disclaimers on political content on social media in the U.S. if they are funded by a foreign agent.
“This amendment would help protect against foreign influence that seeks to sow political division and promote dangerous disinformation,” Spanberger, a former CIA officer, said on the House floor ahead of Wednesday's vote.
An amendment cosponsored by Reps. Jim LangevinJames (Jim) R. LangevinFederal agencies ordered to patch hundreds of vulnerabilities Lawmakers praise upcoming establishment of cyber bureau at State Federal first responders deserve the retirement we promised them MORE (D-R.I.) and Mike GallagherMichael (Mike) John GallagherHuman rights groups sound alarm over Interpol election China denies it tested missile, says it was space vehicle Biden slips further back to failed China policies MORE (R-Wis.) was included in the bill to establish a senior cyber policy adviser at the EAC to help coordinate the agency’s election cybersecurity efforts.
Langevin said in a statement earlier this week that the position, recommended by a congressionally established cybersecurity commission he serves on, will “help prevent cyber incidents of significant consequence, including those that threaten our democracy.”
“I strongly believe that a senior figure at the EAC must have responsibility for cybersecurity policy in order to ensure this important element of election administration is appropriately prioritized,” Langevin said. “These changes will meaningfully improve the cybersecurity of our elections, something we can all agree is vital.”
Efforts to strengthen election security against foreign and domestic interference efforts have been ongoing since 2016, when Russian agents launched a sweeping attack ahead of the presidential election, using both disinformation on social media and cyberattacks on state voting systems.
Russian disinformation efforts were also seen during the 2018 midterm elections, and top federal officials announced last year prior to the 2020 presidential election that they had seen efforts by both Russia and Iran to sway the election.
Republicans have pushed back strongly against H.R. 1, arguing it would federalize elections and take power away from the states.
“We don’t need a bill that moves election administration decisions further away from the people,” House Administration Committee ranking member Rodney DavisRodney Lee DavisDavis passes on bid for governor in Illinois, running for reelection to House One congressional committee is rejecting partisanship to protect state votes Capitol Police dominate lawmakers in Congressional Football Game MORE (R-Ill.) said in a statement following the bill’s passage. “People should have more say in how their elections are run, not less. But this is exactly what H.R. 1 does. I urge all of my colleagues in the Senate to stand with the American people and reject this bill as well.”
The measure now heads to the Senate, where it's unlikely to garner much if any GOP support.
The bill was introduced separately there in January by Senate Majority Leader Charles SchumerChuck SchumerDemocrats wrangle to keep climate priorities in spending bill Coons says White House could impose border fee for carbon-intensive products The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - The omicron threat and Biden's plan to beat it MORE (D-N.Y.), Senate Rules Committee Chairwoman Amy KlobucharAmy KlobucharHouse passes bipartisan bills to strengthen network security, cyber literacy Klobuchar confident spending bill will be finished before Christmas Sunday shows preview: New COVID-19 variant emerges; supply chain issues and inflation persist MORE (D-Minn.) and Sen. Jeff MerkleyJeff MerkleySenate GOP blocks defense bill, throwing it into limbo Lawmakers call on Olympic committee to press China on human rights abuses Senate Democrats call on Biden to push for COVID-19 vaccine patent waivers at WTO MORE (D-Ore.) as the first bill introduced after Democrats gained the majority in the Senate.
President BidenJoe BidenBiden and Harris host 'family' Hanukkah celebration with more than 150 guests Symone Sanders to leave the White House at the end of the year Overnight Defense & National Security — Senate looks to break defense bill stalemate MORE on Thursday applauded the House passage of H.R. 1, while noting that he was looking forward to "working with Congress to refine and advance this important bill."