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NATO chief to Congress: Alliance 'has also been good for the United States'

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told U.S. lawmakers Wednesday that the 70-year-old alliance has been as much a boon for the United States as it has been for its 28 other members, bookending his speech by saying that “it is good to have friends.”

“So NATO has been good for Europe, but NATO has also been good for the United States,” Stoltenberg said during a joint address to Congress, to a standing applause from lawmakers.

“The strength of a nation is not only measured by the size of its economy or the number of its soldiers, but also by the number of its friends,” he continued. “And through NATO, the United States has more friends and allies than any other power."

Stoltenberg, the first NATO secretary-general to address a joint session of Congress, was invited to speak by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellMcConnell says 'no concerns' after questions about health Overnight Health Care: Trump says he hopes Supreme Court strikes down ObamaCare | FDA approves remdesivir as COVID-19 treatment | Dems threaten to subpoena HHS over allegations of political interference at CDC The Hill's Campaign Report: Trump, Biden face off for last time on the debate stage MORE (R-Ky.) and House Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiTrump predicts GOP will win the House Hillicon Valley: Five takeaways on new election interference from Iran, Russia | Schumer says briefing on Iranian election interference didn't convince him effort was meant to hurt Trump | Republicans on Senate panel subpoena Facebook, Twitter CEOs | On The Money: Pelosi cites progress, but says COVID-19 relief deal might be post-election | Eviction crisis sparked by pandemic disproportionately hits minorities | Weekly jobless claims fall to 787K MORE (D-Calif.) as lawmakers seek to show their support for the alliance amid President TrumpDonald John TrumpMore than 300 military family members endorse Biden Five takeaways from the final Trump-Biden debate Biden: 'I would transition from the oil industry' MORE’s threats to withdraw.

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And just as Stoltenberg pitched lawmakers on the alliance’s continued relevance at its 70th anniversary, Congress reciprocated by offering resounding cheers in a display of strong support for continued U.S. commitment to the pact.

Lawmakers offered several standing ovations for Stoltenberg, at one point even appearing to catch him off guard with their enthusiasm with resounding applause early in his speech when he mentioned that NATO was founded because allies were “determined to stand up to the expansion of the Soviet Union.”

Thursday marks the 70th anniversary of NATO’s founding. Allies, worried Trump would derail the pomp and circumstance of a heads-of-state summit, are holding a subdued celebration with foreign ministers at the State Department on Wednesday night, followed by a foreign ministerial to discuss Russia and Afghanistan on Thursday.

Since his presidential campaign, Trump has blasted NATO allies for not paying more for their own defense and has threatened to withdraw if they don’t bulk up their defense spending.

Allies have a goal of spending 2 percent of their respective gross domestic products on defense by 2024. Eight members are meeting or expected to meet that goal this year: United States, United Kingdom, Greece, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Romania and Lithuania.

Stoltenberg has taken pains not to get on Trump’s bad side, crediting him with allies' increased spending. On Tuesday at the White House, he touted that allies will spend $100 billion more by the end of 2020 than when Trump took office.

The credit, in turn, has endeared Stoltenberg to Trump.

“A lot of people don’t like giving credit. Like the media never gives me credit, but he gave me credit,” Trump said during his meeting with Stoltenberg on Tuesday.

In his speech Wednesday, Stoltenberg alluded to disagreements between Trump and other NATO members, saying that “questions are being asked on both sides of the Atlantic about the strengthen of our partnership.”

“Open discussions and different views is not a sign of weakness, it is a sign of strength,” he said to a standing ovation.

Stoltenberg also made the case for greater defense spending, saying that “NATO must be a fair alliance.”

“In an ideal world, we would not need to spend any money on defense, but we do not live in an ideal world,” he said. “Hitler could not have been stopped with peaceful protest. Stalin could not have been deterred with words. ISIS could not have been defeated with dialogue.”

But, speaking about his visit to Arlington National Cemetery, Stoltenberg also said the “ultimate expression of burden sharing is that we fight together and die together.”

One immediate issue facing NATO is the impending demise of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which bans the United States and Russia from having certain missiles.

The Trump administration in February started the six-month process for the United States to officially withdraw from the treaty.

Trump caught NATO allies off guard when he first announced last year he intended to withdraw from the INF Treaty, but NATO has since backed Trump’s decision, agreeing that Russia is in violation of the treaty.

On Wednesday, Stoltenberg warned Russia that “time is running out” to return to compliance with the treaty before the United States withdraws.

But he also made it clear that despite needing to “prepare for a world without the INF Treaty,” European allies do not want to host new U.S. missiles that are out of compliance with the treaty.

“We will not mirror what Russia is doing,” he said. “NATO has no intention of deploying land-based nuclear missiles in Europe, but NATO will also take the necessary steps to provide credible and effective deterrence.”