US airstrikes take tensions with Iran to new level

Retaliatory U.S. airstrikes against an Iranian-backed militia in Iraq and Syria have injected a volatile new element into the already tense relations between Washington and Tehran.

The strikes were in response to a Friday rocket attack on an Iraqi military base that wounded several U.S. troops and killed an American contractor — the first U.S. casualties after months of such shellings in Iraq.

On Monday, Iran warned of “consequences” for the U.S. strikes — the targeted militia group said 25 people were killed — but Iran hawks in Congress cheered the Pentagon's actions.

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Sen. Tom CottonThomas (Tom) Bryant CottonHillicon Valley: Lawmakers say Facebook deepfake ban falls short | House passes bills to win 5G race | Feds sound alarm on cyberthreat from Iran | Ivanka Trump appearance at tech show sparks backlash Cotton introduces bill blocking intel sharing with countries relying on Huawei for 5G GOP senators introduce resolution to change rules, dismiss impeachment without articles MORE (R-Ark.), who on Saturday called for “swift and severe consequences” against Iran, called Sunday’s strikes by the U.S. a “justified response.”

“Tehran must stop attacking Americans or else face even graver consequences,” Cotton tweeted.

Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamSenate GOP mulls speeding up Trump impeachment trial Democratic group plans mobile billboard targeting Collins on impeachment Paul predicts no Republicans will vote to convict Trump MORE (R-S.C.) tweeted that he was “very glad” to see the U.S. response, adding that “the only language Iran understands is force.”

But others warned the situation could quickly spiral out of control.

“For months I have been deeply concerned about the seemingly increased risk of military escalation and tension in the region,” House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam SmithDavid (Adam) Adam SmithOvernight Defense: Foreign policy takes center stage at Democratic debate | House delivers impeachment articles to Senate | Dems vow to force new vote on Trump's border wall House Armed Services chairman exploring options to stop Trump from taking .2B in DOD funds for wall Pelosi set to send impeachment articles to the Senate next week MORE (D-Wash.) said in a statement Sunday night condemning the Iraqi militia’s rocket attack.

“Now, more than ever, I cannot overstate the importance of increased diplomatic engagement with Iran to deter future aggression and slow the cycle of escalating violence that further destabilizes the region,” Smith added.

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The United States has about 5,000 troops in Iraq leading the international anti-ISIS coalition.

On Friday night, a U.S. defense contractor was killed and four service members were wounded in a barrage of more than 30 rockets targeting an Iraqi base in Kirkuk, according to the Pentagon.

That followed several similar attacks the United States has blamed on Iran-backed militias collectively known as Popular Mobilization Forces. A senior State Department official said Monday there have been 11 attacks on Iraqi bases housing coalition troops in the last two months.

The Iraqi government has worked to fold the Iran-backed militias into its security forces, but the United States views them as Iranian proxy forces.

Following early December attacks that injured Iraqi soldiers, Secretary of State Mike PompeoMichael (Mike) Richard PompeoDems plan marathon prep for Senate trial, wary of Trump trying to 'game' the process Overnight Defense: Book says Trump called military leaders 'dopes and babies' | House reinvites Pompeo for Iran hearing | Dems urge Esper to reject border wall funding request House panel reinvites Pompeo to deliver Iran testimony MORE warned Iran that “any attacks by them, or their proxies of any identity, that harm Americans, our allies or our interests will be answered with a decisive U.S. response.”

In response to Friday’s attack in Kirkuk, the Pentagon said Sunday that it had struck three Kata'ib Hezbollah (KH) targets in Iraq and two KH targets in Syria. The targets included weapons depots and command-and-control locations the Pentagon said the militia used to plan its attacks.

“Iran and their KH proxy forces must cease their attacks on U.S. and coalition forces, and respect Iraq's sovereignty, to prevent additional defensive actions by U.S. forces,” Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said in a statement.

In a brief statement to reporters at Mar-a-Lago alongside Pompeo and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Mark Milley, Defense Secretary Mark EsperMark EsperOvernight Defense: Book says Trump called military leaders 'dopes and babies' | House reinvites Pompeo for Iran hearing | Dems urge Esper to reject border wall funding request Senate Dems urge Esper to oppose shifting Pentagon money to border wall Overnight Defense: GAO finds administration broke law by withholding Ukraine aid | Senate opens Trump trial | Pentagon to resume training Saudi students soon MORE called the retaliatory U.S. strikes “successful.”

The move was met with praise from other Iran hawks in the U.S., including former national security adviser John BoltonJohn BoltonDems plan marathon prep for Senate trial, wary of Trump trying to 'game' the process Republicans will pay on Election Day for politicizing Trump's impeachment The Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump beefs up impeachment defense with Dershowitz, Starr MORE, who has been critical of the Trump administration in other policy areas since leaving in September. Bolton called the strikes “overdue” and “a good first step.”

“The ayatollahs must pay a steep price for their ongoing support for terrorism,” Bolton tweeted.

Sen. Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioApple under pressure to unlock Pensacola shooter's phones Senators offer bill to create alternatives to Huawei in 5G tech Surging Sanders draws fresh scrutiny ahead of debate MORE (R-Fla.) accused Iran of “playing a very dangerous game,” warning in a tweet that there is a “tense situation emerging in #Iraq with serious potential to escalate into a broader & dangerous conflict.”

The tit-for-tat attacks in Iraq come amid a faceoff between Washington and Tehran that started last year when President TrumpDonald John TrumpNational Archives says it altered Trump signs, other messages in Women's March photo Dems plan marathon prep for Senate trial, wary of Trump trying to 'game' the process Democratic lawmaker dismisses GOP lawsuit threat: 'Take your letter and shove it' MORE withdrew from the Obama-era nuclear deal with Iran. Trump significantly tightened sanctions as a result, leading to Iran breaching key limits of the deal one by one.

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The United States has also blamed Iran for several attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf region, accusations that Iran has denied. Tensions reached a fever pitch over the summer when Iran shot down a U.S. drone, leading Trump to come within minutes of launching a retaliatory strike on Iran.

Amid increased tensions, the United States has deployed an additional 14,000 U.S. troops to the Middle East since the summer.

With that backdrop, some are now warning of the potential for the weekend strikes to lead to greater conflict, particularly amid what critics describe as Trump’s inconsistent approach to the Middle East.

"I have concerns as to how the president — what the president’s policy is in regard to Iraq and Syria?" Sen. Ben CardinBenjamin (Ben) Louis CardinNew Parnas evidence escalates impeachment witnesses fight Pressure building on Pelosi over articles of impeachment Senate confirms Trump pick for small business chief MORE (D-Md.) said Monday on CNN. "Clearly, Iran is a dangerous actor. They do things that are extremely against, very much against our national security interests. We know that. They’re acting in a way that destabilizes that region of the world. Our problem is, what is the president's — what is U.S. policy?"

Benjamin Friedman, policy director at the libertarian-leaning Defense Priorities, said in a statement Sunday that “retaliatory strikes risk escalation to a broader regional war that would harm U.S. interests.”

On Monday, Pompeo stressed the retaliatory strikes were a “defensive action.”

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“President Trump’s been pretty darn patient, and he’s made clear at the same time that when Americans’ lives were at risk we would respond, and that’s what the Department of Defense did yesterday,” Pompeo said on “Fox & Friends.”

A senior State Department official similarly stressed to reporters Monday the “defensive” intent of the strikes but added that they were also “aimed at deterring Iran.”

“We are not looking for any conflict in the Middle East. These were defensive strikes. But we are not going to let Iran get away with using a proxy force to attack American interests,” the official said.

Kata'ib Hezbollah warned Monday of retaliation.

“Our battle with America and its mercenaries is now open to all possibilities,” the militia group said in a statement, according to The Associated Press. “We have no alternative today other than confrontation and there is nothing that will prevent us from responding to this crime.”

Meanwhile, in a statement carried by the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi said the United States has “openly shown its support to terrorism and shown its negligence to the independence and national sovereignty of countries.”

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"It must accept responsibility of the consequences of the illegal attacks,” Mousavi added.

There’s also the potential that the recent strikes will prompt the Iraqi government to kick U.S. troops out of the country. Iraq has been rocked by anti-government protests in recent months, in part over concerns about Iran’s influence in the country. But there have also been frustrations in recent years over all foreign influence.

Iraq’s outgoing prime minister told Esper in a phone call Sunday not to carry out the strikes, the prime minister’s spokesman told the Iraqi News Agency.

In a strongly worded statement Monday, the Iraqi government warned that the U.S. strikes endangered the “security and sovereignty” of its country by acting unilaterally without approval from Iraqi authorities. The government added it would “review the relationship” with the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq, saying the attack “violates the goals and principles” of the international anti-ISIS coalition.

Asked about Iraq’s response Monday, a senior State Department brushed off threats of consequences, telling reporters that “we don’t have any fears in this regard.”

“We have warned the Iraqi government many times, and we’ve shared information with them, to try to work with them to carry out their responsibility to protect us as their invited guests,” the official added. “It’s their responsibility and duty to protect us, and they have not taken the appropriate steps to do so.”