Trump ‘will not even consider’ renaming Army bases named for Confederate leaders
President Trump said Wednesday he “will not even consider” renaming Army bases that were named for Confederate military leaders after top Pentagon officials indicated recently they are open to the idea.
In a series of tweets, Trump argued the bases have become part of U.S. history and should not be “tampered with.”
“These Monumental and very Powerful Bases have become part of a Great American Heritage, and a history of Winning, Victory, and Freedom,” he tweeted, adding that “HEROES” who won two world wars were trained on the “Hallowed Grounds” of the bases.
“Therefore, my Administration will not even consider the renaming of these Magnificent and Fabled Military Installations,” Trump continued.
…Our history as the Greatest Nation in the World will not be tampered with. Respect our Military!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 10, 2020
Minutes after Trump posted his comments, White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany began Wednesday’s briefing by distributing them to reporters and reading them in their entirety from the podium.
“That was directly from the president. We spent some time working on that, and I wanted to deliver that to you,” she said.
Trump’s tweets come two days after an Army spokesman said Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy and Defense Secretary Mark Esper are “open” to renaming the bases.
The authority for naming and renaming bases rests with the Army, but it’s unlikely officials would proceed without Trump’s approval.
The Army said Wednesday it had no comment on Trump’s tweets.
There are 10 Army bases around the country named for Confederate military officers: Fort Lee, Fort Hood, Fort Benning, Fort Gordon, Fort Bragg, Fort Polk, Fort Pickett, Fort A.P. Hill, Fort Rucker and Camp Beauregard. All are located in Southern states.
The stance the Army announced Monday marked a reversal from as recently as February, when the service told Task & Purpose it had no plans to change the name of any base, including those named after Confederate military officers. At the time, as in years prior, the Army argued the bases were named in the “spirit of reconciliation.”
The about-face came amid nationwide protests over police brutality and racial injustice sparked by the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died when a police officer who has since been fired and charged with second-degree murder knelt on his neck for more than eight minutes.
Protesters and state and local governments have moved to bring down multiple Confederate statues and monuments since Floyd’s death on May 25, and on Wednesday, Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) reiterated her call for nearly a dozen Confederate statues to be removed from the halls of Congress.
Trump has repeatedly defended the statues as an integral part of American history.
“They’re trying to take away our culture. They’re trying to take away our history,” he said at a rally in 2017. “And our weak leaders, they do it overnight. These things have been there for 150 years, for a hundred years. You go back to a university and it’s gone. Weak, weak people.”
Trump’s tweets came the same day that Floyd’s brother Philonise Floyd delivered emotional testimony during a House Judiciary Committee hearing on police reform.
“George called for help and he was ignored. Please listen to the call I’m making to you now, to the calls of our family, and the calls ringing out in the streets across the world,” he testified.
The split on changing the base names also marks the second time in as many weeks that Trump and the Pentagon were on opposite sides of an issue amid the protests. Last week, after the president threatened to deploy active-duty troops to quell the demonstrations, Esper announced at a press briefing his opposition to doing so, reportedly infuriating Trump so much he had to be talked out of firing the Pentagon chief.
The Army has been under increasing pressure to rename the bases, with advocates arguing it is not appropriate to honor those who took up arms against the United States and fought to preserve slavery.
Retired Army Gen. David Petraeus recently argued in The Atlantic that “Lee, Bragg and the rest committed treason” and that the Army “should not brook any celebration of those who betrayed their country.”
“These bases are, after all, federal installations, home to soldiers who swear an oath to support and defend the Constitution of the United States,” Petraeus wrote. “The irony of training at bases named for those who took up arms against the United States, and for the right to enslave others, is inescapable to anyone paying attention. Now, belatedly, is the moment for us to pay such attention.”
Asked about Petraeus’s op-ed, McEnany argued it would be insulting to soldiers based at the installations to rename them.
“Fort Bragg is known for the heroes within it that trained there, that deployed from there,” she said. “And it’s an insult to say to the men and women who left there, the last thing they saw on American soil before going overseas and in some cases losing their lives, to tell them that what they left was inherently a racist institution because of a name. That’s unacceptable to the president, and rightfully so.”
McEnany said Trump would veto the annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) if the massive policy bill mandated changing the names of the bases.
Congress is beginning to consider this year’s NDAA this month.
McEnany also questioned where to “draw the line” against parts of American history some people find offensive, citing streaming service HBO Max’s decision to temporarily pull the Civil War drama “Gone with the Wind” from its platform while it works on adding historical context.
She also raised presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s past opposition to school busing and remarks the former vice president made defending his work with segregationists.
“I’ll leave you with the question, should we then rename the Biden Welcome Center?” she said, reading from a paper on the lectern in her last comments of the briefing.
Rep. Anthony Brown (D-Md.), an Army veteran who is black, called Trump’s decision a “slap in the face” to black soldiers.
“Bases that continue to bear the names of Confederate soldiers and officers — persons who wrongly fought to protect the institution of slavery and would have denied Black Americans from serving in the military — are a reminder of that systemic oppression we continue to confront and damages the culture of inclusivity needed to accomplish the mission,” Brown said in a statement.
“The Commander in Chief’s defense of racists, who betrayed their country and stood for disunion and oppression, is a slap in the face to the Black soldiers he leads and shows — yet again — his unfitness for duty,” he added.
The news release from Brown’s office also notes the battlefield failures of several of the men the bases are named after, including that Braxton Bragg “was considered one of the worst generals in the Civil War” and that the Confederacy lost the war.
Amid discussions about the Army bases, other military services have in the past week banned the display of the Confederate battle flag.
On Friday, the Marine Corps issued guidance banning public displays of the flag, including on clothing, mugs, posters and bumper stickers, following up on Commandant Gen. David Berger’s February commitment to do so.
On Tuesday, the Navy followed suit by announcing it too would ban the flag on bases and ships.
Brett Samuels and Morgan Chalfant contributed. Updated at 5:23 p.m.
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