Overnight Defense: Trump to reimpose Iran deal sanctions | Touts move with 'Game of Thrones' meme | Eight nations to get waivers for Iranian oil | Sanctions lifted on Turkish officials after pastor's release

Overnight Defense: Trump to reimpose Iran deal sanctions | Touts move with 'Game of Thrones' meme | Eight nations to get waivers for Iranian oil | Sanctions lifted on Turkish officials after pastor's release
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Happy Friday and welcome to Overnight Defense. We're Rebecca Kheel and Ellen Mitchell, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.


THE TOPLINE: Come Monday, all sanctions that were lifted under the Iran nuclear deal will be back in place.

Secretary of State Mike PompeoMichael (Mike) Richard PompeoUN Security Council rejects US bid to extend Iran arms embargo Overnight Defense: US seizes Iranian fuel bound for Venezuela | Progressives cool on Biden's foreign policy | Takeaways from Israel, UAE opening diplomatic ties Whiskey, workers and friends caught in the trade dispute crossfire MORE and Treasury Steven MnuchinSteven Terner MnuchinChris Wallace rips both parties for coronavirus package impasse: 'Pox on both their houses' The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Trump goes birther again; no deal on COVID-19 package Overnight Health Care: Senate leaves until September without coronavirus relief deal | US records deadliest day of summer | Georgia governor drops lawsuit over Atlanta's mask mandate MORE announced Friday that the administration is adhering to its self-imposed deadline to snap back sanctions on Iran's energy, shipping, shipbuilding and financial sectors.

"This part of the campaign about which we're speaking today is simple: It is aimed at depriving the regime of the revenues that it uses to spread death and destruction around the world," Pompeo said.

Background: President TrumpDonald John TrumpUPS, FedEx shut down calls to handle mail-in ballots, warn of 'significant' problems: report Controversial GOP Georgia candidate attempts to distance from QAnon Trump orders TikTok parent company to sell US assets within 90 days MORE withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal in May. The Obama-era deal between the United States, Iran, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Russia and China gave Tehran billions of dollars of sanctions relief in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.

In his May announcement, Trump gave companies and countries doing business with Iran two "wind-down" periods before the United States would reimpose sanctions.

The first 90-day period ended in August. At that point, the United States reimposed sanctions on transactions with U.S. dollar banknotes; trade in gold and precious metals; direct or indirect sales of graphite, raw or semi-finished metals; and Iran's automotive sector.

But the more significant sanctions aren't being reimposed until the end of the second, 180-day period. The last day of that period is Sunday, with sanctions set to be reimposed at midnight.

Exceptions: One of the big questions heading into Sunday's deadline was whether the United States would sanction its allies who are still importing oil from Iran and want to save the nuclear deal.

We now know via Pompeo that eight "jurisdictions" will get temporary waivers to keep importing Iranian oil.

Pompeo did not specify which eight places are getting waivers, saying a list would be released Monday. News reports citing unnamed officials have named most of them already: India, South Korea, Japan, Italy, Turkey and Iraq.

Asked if the use of the word "jurisdiction" meant that the European Union, a group of 28 countries, is getting waiver, Pompeo said the E.U. as a whole is not being granted a waiver.

And on banking: Mnuchin also confirmed that the United States would not push for the total expulsion of Iran's financial sector from a global banking network known as SWIFT.

The decision is likely to be a disappointment to Iran hardliners in Congress and elsewhere who have been pushing for Iran to be completely disconnected from the network.

Mnuchin, though, argued that there has been "misinformation" on the issue and said SWIFT will not be treated differently than any other entity doing business with Iran.

That means, he said, that SWIFT would be subject to U.S. sanctions if it provides financial messaging services to designated Iranian financial institutions.

Reaction: The reaction to the Friday announcement fell along the typical fault lines, with those who opposed the nuclear deal cheering and those who supported it jeering.

But those who opposed the deal also expressed some disappointment in the waivers and the SWIFT decision.

For example, United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) issued a statement welcoming the sanctions, but also encouraged a "full and complete economic blockade."

"We encourage the Trump administration to fulfill the promise of a maximum pressure campaign – no exceptions – until Iran permanently and verifiably changes its behavior," former Sen. Joe Lieberman, now UANI chairman, and UANI CEO Mark Wallace, said in a statement. "Oil and gas firms, including those from friendly countries like India, South Korea and Japan, should not be granted sanctions waivers. Similarly, financial entities – including SWIFT – must sever ties with Iranian banks and financial institutions."

On the other end of the spectrum, the National Iranian American Council accused the Trump administration of "planting the seeds for a disastrous war" with its reimposition of sanctions.

"These sanctions are a slap in the face to the Iranian people who have been squeezed between the repression of their government and the pressure of international sanctions for decades," Jamal Abdi, president of the National Iranian American Council, said in a statement. "Impoverishing ordinary Iranians will not hurt the regime or achieve any of America's security interests, but it will set back the Iranian people's aspirations for years to come."

So that happened: Trump, for his part, touted the sanctions with a "Game of Thrones" style meme on Twitter.

"Sanctions are coming November 5," the meme reads, written in the HBO show's text font.

The tweet doesn't specify that Trump is referring to Iran, but it was posted just after Pompeo and Mnuchin's press call, and Nov. 5 is the date the sanctions are snapping back.

HBO criticized the tweet. "We were not aware of this messaging and would prefer our trademark not be misappropriated for political purposes," an HBO spokeswoman told The Hill.


TURKEY SANCTIONS LIFTED: In other sanctions news, those that were levied on two Turkish officials over the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson have been lifted.

The Trump administration had sanctioned Turkey's justice minister, Abdulhamit Gul, and interior minster, Suleyman Soylu, for their role in Brunson's detention. The Treasury Department announced Friday they are no longer on its sanctions list.

Background: Brunson was released by the Turkish government on Oct. 12 after spending roughly two years in custody on terror and espionage charges for allegedly aiding people involved in a failed coup attempt against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The pastor denied the charges and Trump and his team had repeatedly demanded Brunson's release. A Turkish judge in October sentenced Brunson to three years in prison, but released him on time served and allowed him to leave the country.

Larger relationship: The Brunson issue was one of several that have strained U.S. relations with NATO ally Turkey.

The other big issues have been over Turkey's plan to buy a Russian missile defense system and U.S. support for Kurdish forces in Syria.

On the Syria front, things got complicated this week when Turkish forces fired on the Kurdish forces. That has resulted in what the U.S. military described Thursday as a "temporary suspension" by the Syrian Democratic Forces in anti-ISIS operations.

But also Thursday, the U.S. military announced that coalition and Turkish forces began joint patrols in Manbij, part of an agreement to lower the temperature over the Kurdish forces.


TRUMP NOT RENEWING OBAMA-ERA PROGRAM ON DOMESTIC TERRORISM: The Trump administration is reportedly planning to end a grant program under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that provides funds to organizations that fight domestic terrorism.

NBC News reports that recipients of the Countering Violent Extremism grant program have been informed that previous grants, which were intended to be part of yearly funding for the organizations, were instead a "one-time" funding grant.

In addition, all references to future funding opportunities or announcements have been scrubbed from the DHS Office of Terrorism Prevention Partnerships's website, NBC reports.

A DHS official told The Hill in an email that the agency is "reviewing the promising practices that are coming out of the FY16 CVE Grant Program," adding that it would work with Congress and other parts of government in "replicating those models."

"We are committed to developing CVE programs that confront all threats," the official said.

What the grant program did: The Countering Violent Extremism grant was established in 2016 during the Obama administration, and has given $10 million annually to distribute to organizations devoted to combating hate groups around the country.

Bad timing: The Trump administration's reported decision to end funding for the grants comes just days after a shooting at a synagogue in Pittsburgh killed 11 people after a gunman stormed the building allegedly yelling anti-Semitic rhetoric.

And last week, Cesar Sayoc Jr. was arrested on charges related to mailing pipe bombs to top Democratic politicians including the Obamas, the Clintons and others, including Rep. Maxine WatersMaxine Moore WatersMarkets rise as economy struggles; 'It does not make sense' Maxine Waters expresses confidence Biden will pick Black woman as VP Bill from Warren, Gillibrand and Waters would make Fed fight economic racial inequalities MORE (D-Calif.). Court filings from federal prosecutors said he committed a "domestic terrorist attack."

Criticism over the decision: A spokeswoman for the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), which tracks domestic extremism, told NBC News that the Trump administration needed to do more to ensure proper resources were spent on stopping home-grown terrorism.

"Our position is that they need to make sure that enough resources are going to the threat whether it is Islamic extremism or white supremacy," said Heidi Beirich, who leads the SPLC's Intelligence Project, according to NBC. "There's an incident every month to a month and a half."



The Center for Strategic and International Studies will host a panel on "Artificial Intelligence and National Security: The Importance of the AI Ecosystem" at 10 a.m. https://bit.ly/2SB1Pnw

New American will host a discussion on "Afghanistan: What's Next After Parliamentary Elections" at 12:15 p.m. https://bit.ly/2RvwKjI



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