Overnight Defense: Dems aim to block use of defense funds for wall | Watchdog issues new warning on Syria withdrawal | Trump wants to 'watch Iran' from Iraq

Overnight Defense: Dems aim to block use of defense funds for wall | Watchdog issues new warning on Syria withdrawal | Trump wants to 'watch Iran' from Iraq
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Happy Monday and welcome to Overnight Defense. I'm Rebecca Kheel, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.


THE TOPLINE: President TrumpDonald John TrumpAlaska Republican Party cancels 2020 primary Ukrainian official denies Trump pressured president Trump goes after New York Times, Washington Post: 'They have gone totally CRAZY!!!!' MORE has left open several defense-related questions ahead of his State of the Union address Tuesday night — chief among them whether he will declare a national emergency to build his proposed border wall.

On Monday, one day before the speech, a group of 15 Democratic senators introduced a bill to block Trump from using military construction or disaster relief funding for the wall.

Dubbed the Restrictions Against Illegitimate Declarations for Emergency Re-appropriations Act, or RAIDERS Act, it would prevent the use of military construction or Army Corps of Engineers civil works funding "for the construction of barriers, land acquisition, or any other associated activities on the southern border without specific statutory authorization from Congress" if Trump were to declare a national emergency.

The Democrats estimated that about $35 billion in military construction and Army Corps civil works dollars from the fiscal 2018 funding cycle is "subject to raiding."

Notable backers: The lead sponsors for the legislation are Democratic Sens. Tom UdallThomas (Tom) Stewart UdallOvernight Energy: Trump to revoke California's tailpipe waiver | Democrats propose bill to revoke Trump endangered species rollback | Trump officials finalize rule allowing fewer inspectors at pork plants Here are the lawmakers who aren't seeking reelection in 2020 Democrats propose bill to revoke Trump endangered species rollback MORE (N.M.) and Martin HeinrichMartin Trevor HeinrichO'Rourke gun confiscation talk alarms Democrats Senate panel advances Trump's nominees to lead Air Force, Army Overnight Defense: Dems grill Trump Army, Air Force picks | House chair subpoenas Trump Afghanistan negotiator | Trump officials release military aid to Ukraine MORE (N.M.).

Sens. Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisWarren overtakes Biden in Iowa for first time: poll Iowa GOP swipes at 2020 Democrats' meat positions as candidates attend annual Steak Fry Warren avoids attacks while building momentum MORE (D-Calif.) and Cory BookerCory Anthony BookerIowa GOP swipes at 2020 Democrats' meat positions as candidates attend annual Steak Fry Booker aide sounds alarm about campaign's funding 2020 Democrats defend climate priorities in MSNBC forum MORE (D-N.J.), who are both running for the party's 2020 nomination, are also co-sponsors.

Senate Armed Services Committee Ranking Member Jack ReedJohn (Jack) Francis ReedNegotiators kick off defense bill talks amid border wall, Iran debates Hillicon Valley: Zuckerberg to meet with lawmakers | Big tech defends efforts against online extremism | Trump attends secretive Silicon Valley fundraiser | Omar urges Twitter to take action against Trump tweet Senate Democrats introduce legislation to limit foreign interference in elections MORE (D-R.I.) is also a co-sponsor.

Stay tuned: Trump has teased that he will address whether he's declaring a national emergency during the State of the Union.

Last week, he told reporters to "listen closely" to the speech.

"I think there's a good chance we'll have to do that," Trump told reporters last week about the emergency declaration.

Meanwhile, on the border: On Sunday, the Pentagon confirmed how many more U.S. troops are headed to the border.

The latest deployment will see about 3,750 service members head to the U.S.-Mexico border, bringing the total number of U.S. troops there to about 4,350.

Their duties will include mobile surveillance and putting up 150 more miles of concertina wire.

The additional units are being deployed for 90 days. The Pentagon said it will "continue to evaluate the force composition required to meet the mission to protect and secure the southern border."


NEW WARNING ON SYRIA WITHDRAWAL: The lead inspector general for Operation Inherent Resolve was out with its quarterly report Monday, and with it came the latest warning on the pitfalls of withdrawing from Syria.

The report included an unclassified answer that U.S. Central Command (Centcom) gave the inspector general in response to a question about the effects of a U.S. withdrawal.

Centcom warned of ISIS declaring victory and retaking territory.

Full Centcom quote: "ISIS may conduct opportunistic attacks on U.S. personnel as they withdraw but will leverage the event as a 'victory' in its media. ISIS remains an active insurgent group in both Iraq and Syria. If Sunni socio-economic, political, and sectarian grievances are not adequately addressed by the national and local governments of Iraq and Syria it is very likely that ISIS will have the opportunity to set conditions for future resurgence and territorial control. Currently, ISIS is regenerating key functions and capabilities more quickly in Iraq than in Syria, but absent sustained [counterterrorism] pressure, ISIS could likely resurge in Syria within six to twelve months and regain limited territory in the [Middle Euphrates River Valley (MERV)]."

Déjà vu?: The warning is similar to the one the intelligence community gave Congress last week that caused a dust-up between Trump and his intelligence chiefs.

Last week's intelligence assessment, released in conjunction with Director of National Intelligence Dan CoatsDaniel (Dan) Ray CoatsTimeline: The Trump whistleblower complaint Trump has named more ex-lobbyists to Cabinet in 3 years than Obama, Bush did in full terms: report Hillicon Valley: FCC approves Nexstar-Tribune merger | Top Democrat seeks answers on security of biometric data | 2020 Democrats take on Chinese IP theft | How Google, Facebook probes are testing century-old antitrust laws MORE and CIA Director Gina Haspel's Senate testimony, warned that ISIS "will exploit any reduction in [counterterrorism] pressure to strengthen its clandestine presence and accelerate rebuilding key capabilities, such as media production and external operations," read last week's intelligence report, which was released in conjunction with a Senate hearing.

Trump first responded to the assessment by pushing back and insisting the "caliphate will soon be destroyed."

Trump later claimed the intelligence chiefs told him their testimony was mischaracterized by the media.

Get deeper: Speaking of the intel clash, The Hill's Jacqueline Thomsen took a look over the weekend at Trump's battered relationship with the intelligence community, while The Hill's Olivia Beavers looked at how Democrats are looking to seize on the divide.

Catch up on those articles here and here.


AFGHAN PEACE BID FACES SKEPTICISM: Another war Trump is looking to get out of is the Afghanistan war.

To that end, administration officials have been touting an initial framework for peace with the Taliban. But the efforts are facing some skepticism on Capitol Hill and from the foreign policy establishment, with many warning there is a long way to go before a final deal.

There are also worries the administration is rushing into a deal to justify a withdrawal .

The Hill's Ellen Mitchell took a look at some of the skepticism over the weekend. Read up on that here.


TRUMP WANTS TO 'WATCH IRAN' FROM IRAQ: Trump's pre-Super Bowl interview with CBS had plenty of defense news.

In the interview, Trump said U.S. military action in Venezuela is an "option."

He also said he wants to keep U.S. troops in Iraq to monitor Iran.

"All I want to do is be able to watch," Trump said on "Face the Nation" on CBS. "We have an unbelievable and expensive military base built in Iraq. It's perfectly situated for looking at all over different parts of the troubled Middle East rather than pulling up."

"And this is what a lot of people don't understand," he continued. "We're going to keep watching and we're going to keep seeing and if there's trouble, if somebody is looking to do nuclear weapons or other things, we're going to know it before they do."

In making the comment, Trump was pushing back on the idea that his desire to withdraw from Syria and Afghanistan amounts to a retreat from the region.

Iraq says no thanks: On Monday, Iraq's president said Trump hasn't asked for permission to keep U.S. troops there for the purpose of monitoring Iran.

U.S. troops are in Iraq at the invitation of the Iraqi government for the purpose of fighting terrorism.

Speaking at a forum in Baghdad, Iraqi President Barham Salih rejected Trumps idea to "watch" Iran from its neighbor.

"Don't overburden Iraq with your own issues," Salih said. "The U.S. is a major power... but do not pursue your own policy priorities, we live here."



Central Command commander Gen. Joseph Votel will testify before the Senate Armed Services Committee at 9:30 a.m. at the Hart Senate Office Building, room 216. https://bit.ly/2SptBq0

House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot EngelEliot Lance EngelHouse chairman reaches deal on classified briefing with Trump's Afghanistan negotiator Overnight Defense: Dems grill Trump Army, Air Force picks | House chair subpoenas Trump Afghanistan negotiator | Trump officials release military aid to Ukraine House chairman subpoenas Trump's Afghanistan negotiator MORE (D-N.Y.) will speak at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace at 2:30 p.m. https://bit.ly/2t68avO



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