Overnight Defense: Trump suffers setback in Korea talks | Trump gets praise for walking from talks | Backlash for defending Kim over Otto Warmbier | Senators offer resolution to block emergency declaration

Overnight Defense: Trump suffers setback in Korea talks | Trump gets praise for walking from talks | Backlash for defending Kim over Otto Warmbier | Senators offer resolution to block emergency declaration
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Happy Thursday and welcome to Overnight Defense. I'm Rebecca Kheel, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.


THE TOPLINE: Washington woke up Thursday to the news that President TrumpDonald John TrumpCould Donald Trump and Boris Johnson be this generation's Reagan-Thatcher? Merkel backs Democratic congresswomen over Trump How China's currency manipulation cheats America on trade MORE did not reach a deal with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un during their summit in Vietnam.

For Trump, it was a disappointing setback at a time when he was aiming for a win in foreign policy as controversy stirred back home.


Specifically, the Trump-Kim summit competed for attention with Wednesday's riveting testimony on Capitol Hill by Trump's former personal attorney Michael Cohen.

A success with Kim would have allowed Trump to change the narrative after a difficult day. Instead, he had to deal with Cohen fallout that was now coupled with disappointment in Vietnam.

What happened: Trump said the sticking point was sanctions, claiming North Korea wanted all sanctions before taking the denuclearization steps the United States was asking for.

"Sometimes you have to walk, and this was just one of those times," Trump said at a press conference in Hanoi, Vietnam.

"It was about the sanctions," Trump added later. "Basically, they wanted the sanctions lifted in their entirety, and we couldn't do that. They were willing to denuke a large portion of the areas we wanted, but we couldn't give up all of the sanctions for that."

Asked later if he wants all nuclear weapons to be given up before sanctions are lifted, Trump said, "we want a lot to be given up."

North Korea's rebuttal: In their own rare news conference, North Korean officials refuted Trump's characterization of why the summit collapsed, saying they only asked for sanctions to be partially lifted.

Speaking in Vietnam, North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho claimed his country asked for partial sanctions relief in exchange for shuttering the Yongbyon nuclear complex.

But, in Ri's telling, the United States then demanded further steps besides dismantling Yongbyon. At that point, "it became crystal clear that the U.S. was not ready to accept our proposal," Ri said through an interpreter.

North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui, meanwhile, said Kim "may have lost the will" to negotiate with Trump after the latest round of talks.

For the best?: Trump got praise from across the political spectrum for walking away from a bad deal after many worried he would accept unfavorable terms for the sake of claiming victory.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerTop Democrats demand security assessment of Trump properties Lawmakers pay tribute to late Justice Stevens Trump administration denies temporary immigrant status to Venezuelans in US MORE (D-N.Y.), for example, said in a floor speech Thursday that Trump "did the right thing by walking away and not cutting a poor deal for the sake of a photo op."

Sen. Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioRepublican lawmakers ask Trump not to delay Pentagon cloud-computing contract Overnight Defense: US shoots down Iranian drone | Pentagon sending 500 more troops to Saudi Arabia | Trump mulls Turkey sanctions | Trump seeks review of Pentagon cloud-computing contract EU official in Canada says he feels 'at home' there because no one was shouting 'send him back' MORE (R-Fla.) tweeted that "no deal is better than a bad deal."

But there remain critics who slammed Trump for going through with the pageantry of a summit without a deal finalized.

Sen. Bob MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezPompeo changes staff for Russia meeting after concerns raised about top negotiator's ties: report Dem senators demand GOP judicial group discloses donors Senate passes .5B border bill, setting up fight with House MORE (N.J.), the senior Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, mocked Trump's effort as "reality-TV diplomacy."

"What we saw in Hanoi was amateur hour with nuclear weapons at stake and the limits of reality-TV diplomacy," Menendez said in a CNN interview.

Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiDHS chief to Pelosi: Emergency border funding 'has already had an impact' The Hill's Morning Report: Trump walks back from 'send her back' chants Trump faces new hit on deficit MORE (D-Calif.) said Trump empowered the North Korean leader at the expense of America's global standing.

"He was the big winner, Kim Jong Un, in getting to sit face-to-face with the most powerful person in the world, the president of the United States," Pelosi said during a press briefing in the Capitol. "And really it's good that the president did not give him anything for the little that [Kim] was proposing."

Believing Kim: All the nuclear issues, though, threatened to be overshadowed by Trump saying he believes Kim's denial of involvement in the death of U.S. citizen Otto Warmbier.

"He tells me that he didn't know about it and I will take him at his word," Trump said.

Warmbier, a 22-year-old student, died in 2017 after being returned to the United States in a coma after being held hostage in North Korea.

Trump's acceptance of Kim's denial sparked bipartisan outrage.

House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam SchiffAdam Bennett SchiffCourt filings show Trump, Cohen contacts amid hush money payments House passes annual intelligence bill Judge finds Stone violated gag order, blocks him from using social media MORE (D-Calif.), one of the president's sharpest critics in the House, called Trump's defense of Kim "detestable."

Sen. Rob PortmanRobert (Rob) Jones PortmanFighting the opioid epidemic: Congress can't just pass laws, but must also push to enforce them The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by JUUL Labs - House to vote to condemn Trump tweet Rising number of GOP lawmakers criticize Trump remarks about minority Dems MORE (R-Ohio), Warmbier's home-state senator, warned the Trump administration not to be naive about the "brutal nature" of Kim's government.

"I want to make clear that we can never forget about Otto. His treatment at the hands of his captors was unforgiveable and it tells us a lot about the nature of the regime," Portman said on the Senate floor.

"We can't be naive about what they did to Otto, about the brutal nature of the regime that would do this to an American citizen," he said.


FIGHT OVER BORDER EMERGENCY MOVES TO SENATE: Senators unveiled a resolution Thursday to block Trump's emergency declaration to construct the U.S.-Mexico border wall.

Sens. Tom UdallThomas (Tom) Stewart UdallDems open to killing filibuster in next Congress House passes bill to crack down on toxic 'forever chemicals' Overnight Energy: Trump threatens veto on defense bill that targets 'forever chemicals' | Republicans form conservation caucus | Pressure mounts against EPA's new FOIA rule MORE (D-N.M.) and Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsPoll: McConnell is most unpopular senator Hillicon Valley: Lawmakers struggle to understand Facebook's Libra project | EU hits Amazon with antitrust probe | New cybersecurity concerns over census | Robocall, election security bills head to House floor | Privacy questions over FaceApp Trump angry more Republicans haven't defended his tweets: report MORE (R-Maine) introduced the resolution on the Senate floor, where it's expected to be taken up within a matter of weeks.

The two senators, in back-to-back speeches, stressed that the Senate's vote wasn't about whether a senator supported the U.S.-Mexico border wall or Trump but about maintaining a separation of power between the executive and legislative branches on funding the government.

"I support, strongly support, protecting the institutional prerogatives of the United States Senate and the system of checks and balances that is central to the structure of our government," Collins said.

Other backers: The Senate resolution is also being co-sponsored by Sens. Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiPoll: McConnell is most unpopular senator Overnight Defense: Highlights from Defense pick's confirmation hearing | Esper spars with Warren over ethics | Sidesteps questions on Mattis vs. Trump | Trump says he won't sell F-35s to Turkey Epstein charges show Congress must act to protect children from abuse MORE (R-Alaska) and Jeanne ShaheenCynthia (Jeanne) Jeanne ShaheenPoll: McConnell is most unpopular senator How to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy Epstein charges show Congress must act to protect children from abuse MORE (D-N.H.).

All Democrats are expected to back the resolution once it comes to the Senate floor. They'll need four Republican senators to get it to Trump's desk, where he's said he will veto it.

So far, three Republican senators have said they will vote for the resolution: Collins, Murkowski and Thom TillisThomas (Thom) Roland TillisRepublicans scramble to contain Trump fallout McConnell says Trump is not a racist, but calls for better rhetoric GOP senator: 'Outrageous' to say Trump's tweets about Democratic congresswomen are racist MORE (N.C.).

Several other Republicans have voiced concerns about Trump's emergency declaration.


REPORT SAYS FIVE-YEAR TIMELINE FOR AFGHANISTAN WITHDRAWAL: As U.S. and Taliban negotiators are in Qatar trying to nail down a peace agreement, news has emerged of a Pentagon proposal for a drawdown that takes up to five years.

The New York Times reported Thursday that the Pentagon is floating a plan as part of the talks that would see all U.S. troops leave Afghanistan within the next three to five years,

Officials are discussing the plan with European allies, the Times reported, and would cut the roughly 14,000 U.S. troops in Afghanistan by half within the next few months. Under the plan, the 8,600 European and Australian troops stationed in the country would be tasked with training Afghan troops, shifting U.S. forces' focus to counterterrorism operations, according to the Times.

'All options': A Pentagon spokesman, Lt. Col. Koné Faulkner, told the Times that no plans have been finalized yet, and that the Trump administration is "considering all options of force numbers and disposition" in Afghanistan.


SENATORS WEIGH NUCLEAR ARMS POLICY: A trio of former officials testified about nuclear policy Thursday before the Senate Armed Services Committee, recommending the United States stay in the New START Treaty with Russia, The Hill's Margie Cullen reports.

The hearing comes after Trump last month suspended a separate pact with Russia known as the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty over accusation of Russian violations.

The INF decision has raised questions about the fate of New START, which caps the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. and Russia can deploy. It expires in 2021, but there is an option to extend it.

Madelyn Creedon, former principal deputy administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration; Franklin Miller, a former senior director on the National Security Council; and retired Gen. C. Robert Kehler, former commander of U.S. Strategic Command, urged lawmakers to extend New START for another 5 years to give the administration more time to negotiate a new treaty with Russia.

Creedon also said there were questions about the INF treaty, but expressed concern about the decision to withdraw the U.S.

"There are a lot of arguments that this treaty has outlived its usefulness, but whether that's true or not that is the sort of thing that should have been discussed. I think the unilateral decision to pull out of this treaty was a mistake," she said.

The witnesses also urged lawmakers to adopt a more robust nuclear policy to keep up with Russia and China.


"The United States faces a revanchist Russia and an expansionist China, both are modernizing their conventional armed forces and expanding their nuclear capabilities," Miller said.

Miller said Russia and China have been modernizing and building up their nuclear arsenal, while the U.S. has not been producing new weapons.

"There is an arms race," Miller said, "But the U.S. is not in it."



The Hudson Institute will host a panel on the U.S. drawdown in Syria at 11:45 a.m. https://bit.ly/2UkP3tG

New American will host a panel on the negotiations between the United States and the Taliban at 12:15 p.m. https://bit.ly/2T9sjk7



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