Overnight Defense: Latest on House defense bill markup | Air Force One, low-yield nukes spark debate | House Dems introduce resolutions blocking Saudi arms sales | Trump to send 1,000 troops to Poland

Overnight Defense: Latest on House defense bill markup | Air Force One, low-yield nukes spark debate | House Dems introduce resolutions blocking Saudi arms sales | Trump to send 1,000 troops to Poland

Happy Wednesday and welcome to Overnight Defense. I'm Rebecca Kheel, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.


THE TOPLINE: The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) markup is going strong in the Rayburn House Office Building.

The most controversial issues won't be debated until later tonight, but lawmakers have already gotten into several spirited debates.

Previewing what's likely to come, lawmakers have had several back-and-forth exchanges about the topline.

The bill, you'll recall, would authorize $733 billion in defense spending, but Republicans want $750 billion.


In one particularly colorful exchange, seapower subcommittee ranking member Rep. Rob WittmanRobert (Rob) Joseph WittmanThe Suburban Caucus: Solutions for America's suburbs Overnight Defense: Top general briefs GOP senators on Syria plan | Senators 'encouraged' by briefing | Pence huddles with Republican allies on Syria | Trump nominee sidesteps questions on arms treaties Virginia Port: Gateway to the economic growth MORE (R-Va.) quoted "A Tale of Two Cities," saying he hopes members can make the bill a bipartisan "spring of hope" and avoid the late night "winter of despair."

Committee Chairman Adam SmithDavid (Adam) Adam SmithWhite House, Congress near deal to give 12 weeks paid parental leave to all federal workers Overnight Energy: Pelosi vows bold action to counter 'existential' climate threat | Trump jokes new light bulbs don't make him look as good | 'Forever chemicals' measure pulled from defense bill Overnight Defense: Suspect in Pensacola shooting identified as Saudi aviation student | Trump speaks with Saudi king after shooting | Esper denies considering 14K deployment to Mideast MORE (D-Wash.) replied: "Well that certainly was more dramatic than the previous statements. Were you sensing that the room was getting a little, maybe, bored and thought you'd jazz it up a bit? I appreciate that."

And there will definitely be more to come on the money debate. After Democrats indicated ranking member Rep. Mac ThornberryWilliam (Mac) McClellan ThornberryDemocrats express confidence in case as impeachment speeds forward Meadows says Republican colleagues 'wrong' for suggesting Trump's phone call was inappropriate Overnight Defense — Presented by Boeing — Pentagon watchdog says Syria withdrawal hurt ISIS fight | Vindman testifies on third day of public hearings | Lawmakers to wrap up defense bill talks this week MORE's (R-Texas) amendment to raise the topline to $750 billion may be ruled out of order, Thornberry's spokesman emailed reporters this quote from him: "There will be a vote on it- one way or another."

The Hill will be following the debate all night long, so check back at TheHill.com for updates. For now, here are some highlights from amendment votes.

Air Force One paint job: The committee voted 31-26 to require congressional approval for changes to the Air Force One presidential aircraft's paint scheme and interior design that have been cheered by President TrumpDonald John TrumpLawmakers prep ahead of impeachment hearing Democrats gear up for high-stakes Judiciary hearing Warren says she made almost M from legal work over past three decades MORE.

Offered by Rep. Joe CourtneyJoseph (Joe) D. CourtneyHouse passes bill tackling workplace violence in health care, social services sectors This week: Round 2 of House impeachment inquiry hearings State dinner highlights the enduring importance of US-Australia alliance MORE (D-Conn.), the chairman of the panel's seapower subcommittee, the amendment would require the Trump administration to get Congress' approval for any "work relating to aircraft paint scheme, interiors and livery" before it takes place.

Trump has said he hopes to change the paint job on new Air Force Ones, forgoing the blue-and-white scheme -- designed by President John F. Kennedy and first lady Jackie Kennedy -- for a red, white and blue color scheme.

But Courtney warned that even seemingly small changes to the plane can quickly add up.

Rep. Bradley ByrneBradley Roberts ByrneIsraeli, Palestinian business leaders seek Trump boost for investment project Sessions vows to 'work for' Trump endorsement Trump attends football game with Jeff Sessions' Alabama Senate race opponent Bradley Byrne MORE (R-Ala.) opposed the amendment, saying it "looks like an attempt to just poke at the president."

Smith said the included amendment is "really not trying to poke the president" but "simply trying to exercise our oversight responsibilities to try to save the taxpayers money."

"As I understand it these planes are not even going to be delivered until late 2024, 2025. This president is not going to fly on this plane under any circumstances," Smith said.

Low-yield nukes: The debate on the strategic forces subcommittee's portion of the bill grew heated quickly over its restriction on using funds to deploy the W76-2 low-yield nuclear warhead.

Rep. Liz CheneyElizabeth (Liz) Lynn CheneyOvernight Defense — Presented by Boeing — Stopgap spending bill includes military pay raise | Schumer presses Pentagon to protect impeachment witnesses | US ends civil-nuclear waiver in Iran Cruz, Graham and Cheney call on Trump to end all nuclear waivers for Iran Pompeo: US ending sanctions waiver for site where Iran resumed uranium enrichment MORE (R-Wyo.) offered two amendments -- one to strike the ban using funds to deploy the W76-2 on submarines and another to increase funding to the weapon -- with the first taking up more than 45 minutes of debate.

The votes on the amendments haven't happened yet, since the committee had to recess for House floor votes.

Cheney and her fellow Republican colleagues argued that in order to prevent Russia or other aggressive nations from using their own low-yield weapons, the United States needs a credible response of its own.

Rouge nations may not believe that the U.S. military would respond with a larger nuclear weapon if the enemy used a smaller nuclear warhead first. Having an equal strike option, a tit-for-tat, would deter weapons from ever being used is the argument.

Democrat lawmakers, however, argued that any use of a low-yield nuke by an enemy would trigger a nuclear war, regardless of what size weapons the United States puts on its submarines.  

The debate grew heated, with Cheney claiming that Democratic lawmakers' move to block deployment of the nuke would waste millions of dollars spent on development, and does not increase Russia's likelihood of using nuclear weapons themselves.

Democrats, including Rep. John GaramendiJohn Raymond GaramendiKrystal Ball: New Biden ad is everything that's wrong with Democrats The Hill's Morning Report - Impeachment of Trump resumes California Rep. John Garamendi endorses Biden MORE (D-Calif.), fired back that deploying the weapons could undermine traditional nuclear deterrence strategy and that any occurrence where there would be a tit for tat nuclear exchange "is a God awful situation, we should never go there."


HOUSE DEMS UNVEIL SAUDI ARMS RESOLUTIONS: House Democrats introduced several measures on Wednesday aimed at blocking Trump's emergency arms sales to Saudi Arabia and other Gulf allies.

One measure, led by Rep. Ted LieuTed W. LieuVideo of Princess Anne shrugging as Queen greets Trump goes viral Lawmakers to watch during Wednesday's impeachment hearing Adam Schiff's star rises with impeachment hearings MORE (D-Calif.), would block all 22 arms sales the Trump administration recently approved, according to a House Foreign Affairs Committee press release.

Other measures introduced by Reps. David CicillineDavid Nicola CicillineTrump: Fox News 'panders' to Democrats by having on liberal guests Democrats express confidence in case as impeachment speeds forward Sunday shows — Nadler: A jury would convict Trump in 'three minutes flat' MORE (D-R.I.), Abigail SpanbergerAbigail Davis SpanbergerPro-Trump group targets Democrats with 'End the Witch Hunt' campaign Club for Growth extends advertising against House Dems over impeachment NRCC campaign prank leads to suspicious package investigation MORE (D-Va.) and Tom MalinowskiThomas (Tom) MalinowskiDemocrats gear up for high-stakes Judiciary hearing More than 100 Democrats sign letter calling for Stephen Miller to resign Diplomat ties Trump closer to Ukraine furor MORE (D-N.J.) specifically address the transfers of precision-guided bombs, according to the press release.

The press release refers to the resolutions as bipartisan. A congressional aide told The Hill that Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashDemocrats gear up for high-stakes Judiciary hearing Here are the Senate Republicans who could vote to convict Trump Amash says he will vote in favor of articles of impeachment MORE (R-Mich.) is co-sponsoring Lieu's resolution.

Context: The House effort comes after senators secured at least 51 votes on 22 resolutions to block the arms sales.

The Senate is expected to take up the 22 resolutions of disapproval as soon as next week.

Because lawmakers are challenging the sales under the same law, they need only a simple majority to send the resolutions to the president.

With all 47 members of the Democratic caucus expected to support the resolutions, they needed to win over at least four Senate Republicans to have the simple majority needed to send the resolution to the House, where Democrats have pledged to follow suit with blocking the sales.

Three GOP senators -- Sens. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulTrump's legal team huddles with Senate Republicans Democratic congressman calls for study of effects of sex-trafficking law McConnell says he's 'honored' to be WholeFoods Magazine's 2019 'Person of the Year' MORE (Ky.), Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamGraham expects Horowitz investigation to show evidence was manipulated, withheld Trump's exceptionalism: No president has so disrespected our exceptional institutions Trump, GOP shift focus from alleged surveillance abuse to Durham Russia probe MORE (S.C.) and Todd YoungTodd Christopher YoungGOP senators unveil bill to expand 'opportunity zone' reporting requirements Statesmen seek bipartisan solutions to big challenges The Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump says he is fighting testimony to protect presidency MORE (Ind.) -- signed on as sponsors when the resolutions were rolled out last week. A spokesman on Tuesday confirmed that Sen. Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeHillicon Valley: Pelosi works to remove legal protections for tech companies from USMCA | Treasury sanctions Russian group over 0 million hack | Facebook sues Chinese individuals for ad fraud | Huawei takes legal action against FCC Senators defend bipartisan bill on facial recognition as cities crack down Trump's legal team huddles with Senate Republicans MORE (R-Utah) has signed on as a co-sponsor, giving Democrats their crucial fourth vote.

Fiery hearing: The introduction of the House measures also comes after a testy hearing in which Democrats demanded answers from the State Department on its thinking behind invoking an emergency to push the arms sales through.

"There is no emergency," House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot EngelEliot Lance EngelHouse approves two-state resolution in implicit rebuke of Trump House leaders: Trump administration asking South Korea to pay more for US troops 'a needless wedge' Trump administration releases 5M in military aid for Lebanon after months-long delay MORE (D-N.Y.) said at the hearing. "It's phony. It's made up. And it's an abuse of the law. Once again, attempting to cut Congress out of the whole picture. This is not a dictatorship. We don't rule this country by fiat."

The Trump administration argues the emergency was justified because of an alleged heightened threat from Iran.

"It is this situation, this significant increase in both the intelligence of threat streams and clear, provocative and damaging actions taken by Iran's government, that the secretary did determine it constituted an emergency," R. Clarke Cooper, assistant secretary of State for political-military affairs, told the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

Cooper also argued that the administration respected Congress's role in the process, despite using the emergency to circumvent its hold on the sales.

"I value deeply Congress' role in the review of the arms transfer process," he said. "I do not view the secretary's certification as setting aside this process. Indeed, by carving out a certain set of cases in the context of a statutory authority long granted by Congress, the secretary's action is an affirmation of the value we place on our engagement with you on arms transfers and broader security assistance issues."

That assertion infuriated Democrats.

"This is gaslighting," Cicilline said. "You're claiming that ignoring this provision is your way of affirming the role Congress plays. That's an absurdity."


US, POLAND INK DEFENSE DEAL: It's not quite "Fort Trump," but the United States and Poland have agreed on sending more troops to the Eastern European country.

Trump said Wednesday he is sending 1,000 additional troops to Poland in an effort to strengthen the U.S.'s alliance with the country.

Trump made the announcement during a joint press conference with Polish President Andrzej Duda, saying Warsaw will pay for additional infrastructure "to support [the] military presence of about 1,000 American troops."

"The Polish government will build these projects at no cost to the United States," Trump said. "We thank President Duda and the people of Poland for their partnership in advancing our common security."

And planes: The president also said Poland would purchase more than 30 F-35 stealth fighter jets from the U.S., marking the deal with a flyover of one of the jets over the White House as Trump, Duda and their wives looked on.

"Moments ago, we witnessed that impressive flyover of this cutting-edge F-35 as it flew over the White House and actually came pretty close to a halt over the White House," Trump said at the press conference. "And it's one of the few in the world that can do that, considered to be the greatest fighter jet in the world."

Earlier: Trump mistakenly said earlier Wednesday during a meeting with Duda in the Oval Office that he would be sending close to 2,000 American troops to Poland from Germany and other European countries. The U.S. currently has around 4,000 military service members in Poland.


INHOFE DISMISSES 'PHONY' SHANAHAN REPORT: Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman James InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeOvernight Defense: Trump leaves door open to possible troop increase in Middle East | Putin offers immediate extension of key nuclear treaty Trump leaves door open to possible troop increase in Middle East Pentagon official: 'Possible' more US troops could be deployed to Middle East MORE (R-Okla.) on Wednesday dismissed a news report that said Trump was having second thoughts on naming Patrick ShanahanPatrick Michael ShanahanDefense chief calls on European allies to be wary of China's investments, blasts Russia Pentagon chief approves 20 more miles of border wall Why Dave Norquist is the perfect choice for DOD's deputy secretary MORE as Defense secretary.

"It's just a phony report that the president's going soft on this. He's not. I talked to him as recently as yesterday, and he's still committed on Shanahan," Inhofe said when asked about the status of the nomination.

Background: NBC News reported on Tuesday that Trump "appears to be having second thoughts" about naming Shanahan to lead the Pentagon. Four sources told the outlet that Trump had been asking about alternative candidates to Shanahan, who has been acting secretary since the beginning of the year.

The White House announced Trump's intention to nominate Shanahan as Defense secretary in early May. His nomination has been in limbo since then as lawmakers wait for Trump to formally submit the nomination to the Senate.

Asked about Shanahan's nomination, Trump said this week that he has "put it out officially" and the acting secretary, who served as deputy to former Secretary James MattisJames Norman MattisThreatening foreign states with sanctions can backfire Overnight Defense: Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators | Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract decision in court | Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families Amazon to challenge Pentagon's 'war cloud' decision in federal court MORE, "has to go through the process."

So what is the hold up?: Inhofe told reporters on Wednesday that the hold-up had to do with waiting for the FBI's background check on Shanahan to wrap up and be submitted.

"They can't do that until after the FBI report comes in," Inhofe said, adding that it will probably be "another week" until the White House sends the nomination.

A staffer who was standing next to Inhofe said the nomination could come as early as this week, though it might slip into next week.


SENATORS SUPPORT NORTH MACEDONIA FOR NATO: Senators held a hearing Wednesday on allowing North Macedonia to join NATO, touting it as an important step to protect the region against expanding Russian influence, reports The Hill's Josh Aaron Siegel.

Lawmakers on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, along with officials from the State Department and the Department of Defense, voiced support for the Balkan nation joining the military alliance.

"It's in everyone's best interest to get this done," committee Chairman James Risch (R-Idaho) said.

In his opening remarks, Risch said bringing the country into NATO would "solidify Western values in a country that Russia has been desperate to keep in its sphere of influence."

Philip Reeker, acting assistant secretary of State for European and Eurasian affairs, also cited Russia's threats to regional security, describing Moscow as "the most immediate threat to transatlantic security." He went on to say that the addition of North Macedonia to NATO would "enhance regional security and stability."  

Background: North Macedonia, previously known as the Republic of Macedonia, has sought to join NATO for decades but Greece blocked the nation from joining. Greece also has a province named Macedonia.

Earlier this year, after decades of diplomatic tensions, the two nations finalized approval of a historic deal to change the name from the Republic of Macedonia to the Republic of North Macedonia.

The deal opened the door for NATO to add its 30th member during the alliance's 70th anniversary. The Senate must next vote to approve the country. Other NATO nations are taking similar measures to approve the new member.



A House Foreign Affairs Committee subpanel will hold a hearing on South Asia at 9:30 a.m. at the Rayburn House Office Building, room 2172. https://bit.ly/2EY4EtH

A Senate Foreign Relations Committee subpanel will hold a hearing on the role of women in peace processes at 10 a.m. at the Dirksen Senate Office Building, room 419. https://bit.ly/2F6kUJf



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