Overnight Defense: Officials brief Congress after Iran shoots down drone | Lawmakers fear 'grave situation' | Trump warns Iran | Senate votes to block Saudi arms sales | Bombshell confession at Navy SEAL's murder trial

Overnight Defense: Officials brief Congress after Iran shoots down drone | Lawmakers fear 'grave situation' | Trump warns Iran | Senate votes to block Saudi arms sales | Bombshell confession at Navy SEAL's murder trial
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Happy Thursday and welcome to Overnight Defense. I'm Ellen Mitchell, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.


THE TOPLINE: The U.S. military confirmed Thursday morning that Iran shot down a Navy drone, increasing already high tensions between Washington and Tehran.

U.S. Central Command (Centcom) said an Iranian surface-to-air missile system shot down the drone in international airspace over the Strait of Hormuz in an "unprovoked attack." It denied Iranian claims that the drone was over Hormozgan Province in southern Iran.

Centcom identified the aircraft as an RQ-4 Global Hawk that "provides real-time intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions (ISR) over vast ocean and coastal regions."


"This attack is an attempt to disrupt our ability to monitor the area following recent threats to international shipping and free flow of commerce, " Lt. Gen. Joseph Guastella, commander of U.S. Air Forces Central Command, said in a statement.

About the attack: Guastella said the drone was operating at a high altitude approximately 34 kilometers away from the Iranian coast.

The Northrup Grumman-made Global Hawk, valued at $130 million, is considered the Navy's most advanced high-altitude drone.

Guastella called the attack "dangerous and escalatory," adding that it "occurred in the vicinity of established air corridors between Dubai, UAE, and Muscat Oman, possibly endangering innocent civilians."

The Pentagon also released video showing the smoke trail from the downed drone.

Trump's response: Trump tweeted Wednesday morning that Iran "made a big mistake" by shooting down the drone.

Asked later if he planned to strike Iran, Trump said the public "will soon find out."

But Trump also appeared to give Iran some benefit of the doubt when assigning blame for the incident, saying that "I imagine someone made a mistake."

Iran's claims: "Shooting down of the US spy drone has a clear message and it is the fact that the defenders of this country are ready to give decisive response to any aggression," Major-General Hossein Salami, who commands Iran's Revolutionary Guard, said, according to the state news agency.

He said that Iran's "enemies" have "no choice" but to respect the nation's territorial integrity and interests.

"Iran is not seeking war with any country but its armed forces are ready to defend the country against aggression," Salami added.

Iranian state broadcaster IRIB reported that the Revolutionary Guard said in a statement that the drone had "turned off all its identifying equipment in violation of aviation rules and was moving in full secrecy," Reuters noted.

The background: Fears of war between the U.S. and Iran have been heightened in recent days after Washington accused Tehran of being behind the bombings of two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman last week. The Iranian government denied any involvement in the attacks.

President TrumpDonald John TrumpButtigieg surges ahead of Iowa caucuses Biden leads among Latino Democrats in Texas, California Kavanaugh hailed by conservative gathering in first public speech since confirmation MORE this week called the oil tanker attacks "minor," but said he would "certainly go [to war] over nuclear weapons."

The Pentagon also announced this week that it would deploy an additional 1,000 troops to the Middle East to address "air, naval, and ground-based threats" in the region.

"The United States does not seek conflict with Iran," former acting Defense Secretary Patrick ShanahanPatrick Michael ShanahanDefense chief calls on European allies to be wary of China's investments, blasts Russia Pentagon chief approves 20 more miles of border wall Why Dave Norquist is the perfect choice for DOD's deputy secretary MORE said. "The action today is being taken to ensure the safety and welfare of our military personnel working throughout the region and to protect our national interests."

Lawmakers react: Lawmakers emerging from a closed-door briefing on Iran on Thursday warned the threat of U.S. military action is increasing.

House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot EngelEliot Lance EngelOvernight Defense: Protests at Trump's NYC Veterans Day speech | House Dems release Pentagon official's deposition transcript | Lawmakers ask Trump to rescind Erdogan invite Bipartisan House members call on Trump to rescind Erdoğan invitation House Democrats pull subpoena for ex-Trump national security official MORE (D-N.Y.) said no decisions on military action were presented at the briefing -- delivered by administration officials to congressional leaders -- but that "it's a very grave situation."

"The provocation on behalf of the Iranians is serious," he said. "I think right now there's strong analysis going on as to exactly what happened and why, and I think we'll know more when the analysis is completed."

"I fear military action because I don't want to get into a war," Engel added. "We'll have to see."

But some lawmakers who have President Trump's ear were blunt about what they think needs to happen.

"Here's what Iran needs to get ready for: Severe pain inside their country," Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamGOP eager for report on alleged FBI surveillance abuse Johnson opens door to subpoenaing whistleblower, Schiff, Bidens Overnight Defense: Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators | Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract decision in court | Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families MORE (R-S.C.) told reporters. "If they're itching for a fight, they're going to get one. We're a lot closer to that today than we were yesterday, and only god knows what tomorrow brings."

Graham said he spoke with Trump on Thursday morning and has plans to speak with him again in the afternoon.

And earlier today: The Hill broke down how Trump faces skepticism about Iran war authority from both parties. Read about that here.


SENATE VOTES TO BLOCK TRUMP'S SAUDI ARMS SALE: The Senate voted to block President Trump's Saudi arms deal on Thursday, paving the way for a veto clash with the White House.

The Senate voted 53-45 on resolutions to block two of the sales, with GOP Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsOvernight Defense: Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators | Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract decision in court | Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families Senate confirms controversial circuit court nominee Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families MORE (Maine), Lindsey Graham (S.C.), Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeHillicon Valley: Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract in court | State antitrust investigation into Google expands | Intel agencies no longer collecting location data without warrant Senators introduce bipartisan bill restricting police use of facial recognition tech Fed chief urges Congress to expand US workforce while economy still strong MORE (Utah), Jerry MoranGerald (Jerry) MoranMicrosoft embraces California law, shaking up privacy debate It's time for Congress to establish a national mental health crisis number Overnight Defense: Top diplomat changes testimony to indicate quid pro quo | Dem offers measure on Turkish human rights abuses in Syria | Warren offers plan to address veteran suicide rates MORE (Kansas), Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiHillicon Valley: Federal inquiry opened into Google health data deal | Facebook reports millions of post takedowns | Microsoft shakes up privacy debate | Disney plus tops 10M sign-ups in first day Senators press FDA tobacco chief on status of vaping ban Federal inquiry opened into Google health data deal MORE (Alaska), Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulJohnson opens door to subpoenaing whistleblower, Schiff, Bidens Senate GOP waves Trump off early motion to dismiss impeachment charges McConnell discounts quick dismissal of Trump impeachment articles: 'We'll have to have a trial' MORE (Ky.) and Todd YoungTodd Christopher YoungTester: Our forefathers would not have tolerated Trump asking Ukraine to investigate Biden The Hill's Morning Report - Fallout from day one of Trump impeachment hearing Overnight Defense: Trump hosts Erdoğan at White House | Says Turkish leader has 'great relationship with the Kurds' | Highlights from first public impeachment hearing MORE (Ind.) joining Democrats.

They voted 51-45 to block an additional 20 arms sales. Murkowski flipped to vote for the sale, while Lee did not vote.

Details: The 22 arms sales, estimated to be worth more than $8 billion, would provide weapons to Saudi Arabia, as well as the United Arab Emirates and Jordan.

But the sales sparked widespread backlash in Congress after Trump used an "emergency" provision of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) to sidestep the 30-day notification to lawmakers about a pending sale.

Lawmakers' argument: Sen. Bob MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezGraham blocks resolution recognizing Armenian genocide after Erdoğan meeting Trump encounters GOP resistance to investigating Hunter Biden Fairness, tradition, and the Constitution demand the 'whistleblower' step forward MORE (D-N.J.), who sponsored the resolution, argued that Congress needed to send a message that U.S. alliances with Saudi Arabia or the UAE are "not a blank check."

"For months upon months, this administration has failed to demonstrate how equipping the Saudis with more weapons would improve the Saudis' respect for human rights in Yemen or advance America's own values and national security interests," Menendez said.

Sen. Chris MurphyChristopher (Chris) Scott MurphyOvernight Defense: Trump, Erdogan confirm White House meeting | Public impeachment hearings set for next week | Top defense appropriator retiring Fairness, tradition, and the Constitution demand the 'whistleblower' step forward Senate Democrat: Colleague was working on fantasy football trade instead of listening to Schumer MORE (D-Conn.) added that if lawmakers didn't try to block the sale they were effectively allowing this administration and future administrations to ignore Congress on arms sales.

"If we don't take a positive vote here, we are giving away this priority potentially forever, because you know, this emergency in the Middle East is not a new emergency," he added.

The attempt: Under the AECA, lawmakers can block an arms sale with only a simple majority, instead of the 60 votes normally needed to pass legislation in the Senate.

House Democrats have pledged they will also pass resolutions blocking the sale.

Neither chamber is expected to be able to muster the two-thirds votes necessary to override all-but-guaranteed vetoes from Trump in response.

Unprecedented: But Thursday's votes are an unprecedented move, reflecting growing frustration on Capitol Hill about the U.S.-Saudi relationship and coming after two votes fell short in recent years to block arms deals with Saudi Arabia. One, in 2016, garnered support from only 27 senators. The other, in June 2017, had the backing of 47.

Since then, U.S.-Saudi relations have soured further amid growing concerns about Saudi Arabia's involvement in the years-long Yemen civil war and the death of Washington Post contributor and U.S. resident Jamal Khashoggi in 2018. Congress passed a separate resolution earlier this year forcing Trump to remove troops in or affecting Yemen unless they were fighting al Qaeda; Trump vetoed the resolution.

In addition to the arms sale votes on Thursday, Menendez announced that he had reached a deal with Sen. Jim RischJames (Jim) Elroy RischOvernight Defense: Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators | Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract decision in court | Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families Senate Foreign Relations chair: 'Best' not to pass Turkey sanctions bill 'at this moment' Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators at White House MORE (R-Idaho), the chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, to hold a committee vote on legislation limiting which countries a president can use the "emergency" provision to sell arms to and a broader Saudi bill being worked on by Risch.

The administration's stance: The administration has hit back at criticism from Congress over its tactics on the arms deal, arguing that a heightened threat from Iran is its justification in invoking the emergency.

"These sales and the associated emergency certification are intended to address the military need of our partners in the face of an urgent regional threat posed by Iran; promote the vitality of our bilateral relationships by reassuring our partners; and preserve strategic advantage against near-peer competitors," R. Clarke Cooper, the assistant secretary of State for political-military affairs, told the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

They've been backed up by most Republicans including Risch and Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellKavanaugh hailed by conservative gathering in first public speech since confirmation Overnight Defense: Erdoğan gets earful from GOP senators | Amazon to challenge Pentagon cloud contract decision in court | Lawmakers under pressure to pass benefits fix for military families On The Money: Trump appeals to Supreme Court to keep tax returns from NY prosecutors | Pelosi says deal on new NAFTA 'imminent' | Mnuchin downplays shutdown threat | Trump hits Fed after Walmart boasts strong earnings MORE (R-Ky.), both of whom made the case for rejecting the resolutions ahead of Thursday's votes.


WITNESS DROPS BOMBSHELL CONFESSION AT TRIAL FOR NAVY SEAL CHARGED WITH MURDER: A witness testifying Thursday at the murder trial of Special Operations Chief Edward Gallagher admitted he killed a teenage Iraqi militant, one of the crimes for which Gallagher was on trial.

The Associated Press reported that Special Operator 1st Class Corey Scott claimed credit for the killing after being granted immunity by a judge in exchange for testimony for the prosecution. Prosecutors reportedly accused Scott of lying in order to protect Gallagher.

"So you can stand up there and you can lie about how you killed the ISIS prisoner so Chief Gallagher does not have to go to jail," prosecutor Lt. Brian John asked Scott during the trial, according to the AP. "You don't want Chief Gallagher to go to jail, do you?"

"He's got a wife and family," Scott reportedly responded. "I don't think he should be spending his life in prison."

What he said: Scott testified Thursday that he asphyxiated the Iraqi militant as an act of mercy after Gallagher, who was treating the militant for injuries sustained in an airstrike, became enraged, stabbing the young man below the collarbone and then walked away without finishing treatment.

The allegations: Gallagher was also accused by a former Navy SEAL during the trial of shooting at civilians out of malice and referring to his captive as "just an ISIS dirtbag."

Defense attorneys have reportedly argued that the soldiers have fabricated the allegations against Gallagher to prevent him from being promoted, due to his reputation as a demanding platoon leader.



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