Overnight Defense: DC Guard chief testifies about hampered Capitol attack response | US contractor dies of heart attack after Iraq rocket attack | Pentagon watchdog finds 'inappropriate conduct' by ex-White House doctor
Overnight Defense: Army details new hair and grooming standards | DC National Guard chief says Pentagon restricted his authority before riot | Colorado calls on Biden not to move Space Command
Happy Tuesday and welcome to Overnight Defense. I'm Ellen Mitchell, and here's your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. CLICK HERE to subscribe to the newsletter.
THE TOPLINE: The Army will make major changes to its hair and grooming policy, including allowing long ponytails, buzz cuts, earrings, lipstick and nail polish for women in uniform, in a push to be more inclusive, service officials revealed Tuesday.
The changes - which are expected to be dictated in an Army memo between Feb. 25 and 26 - are based on recommendations made in December by a diverse panel made up of Army leaders across the service, the majority of whom were women.
"This is one way we are working to improve the lives of our soldiers, our force, by putting people first, understanding their concerns, taking action when necessary and maintaining their razor-sharp edge of readiness," Lt. Gen. Gary Brito, deputy chief of staff for Army Personnel, told reporters.
Changes to hair standards: Sgt. Maj. Brian Sanders, the Army uniform policy branch sergeant major, told reporters that many of the hair alterations are meant to prevent a type of hair loss known as alopecia, as the previous regulations, which required a tight bun, could cause hair loss or "other medical conditions of the scalp," especially among women of color.
The new rules for allowing buzz cuts also provides ease of motion for women in combat arms training courses and helps them relay cultural preferences and gender identity.
"We decided in the panel, do we want to make this only for school or do we want to give our women in the Army the opportunity to have their hair at any length? We went with let's not tell a woman the length of hair she can have. So now, we will specify no minimum hair length for women in the Army," Sanders said.
Female soldiers that choose to wear a long ponytail, meanwhile, are only allowed to do so during physical fitness training, tactical training and situations where they are required to wear a helmet, as they can tuck it into the back of their Army uniform.
Other alterations: In addition, women are now allowed to wear gold, silver and diamond earrings with their Army Combat Uniform, a move that "has never been authorized before," and "is extremely groundbreaking for the U.S. Army," Sanders said.
Currently, female soldiers are only allowed to wear earrings with their service and dress uniforms. They are still prohibited from wearing them in the field or on combat deployments.
Another change also authorizes "professional" lipstick and nail polish, meaning no loud colors.
Maintaining identity: Psychologists on the panel said such additions "allow the opportunity for a woman to still feel like a woman inside and outside of uniform," Sanders said.
"One thing we can never forget is that at the end of the day, our women are mothers, are spouses, they are sisters and they definitely want to be able to maintain their identity," Sanders said.
The changes also include cutting words from the existing regulations that are viewed as offensive or racist
Background: The newest policies come after then-Secretary of Defense Mark Esper in July ordered a review of whether current grooming standards are racially biased, part of a directive aimed at stamping out racial discrimination within the military.
While grooming regulations are meant to reinforce uniformity, many women of color have complained that the strict rules don't allow for braids or other hairstyles that are easier for those with different textures and hair lengths.
Meanwhile, in other services... Other services in years past have altered hair rules for female service members, including the Navy, which in 2018 said sailors could wear ponytails and styled buns while in uniform.
More recently, the Air Force last week said women in the service would be able to wear their hair longer beginning in February.
"In addition to the health concerns we have for our Airmen, not all women have the same hair type, and our hair standards should reflect our diverse force," Air Force Chief Master Sergeant JoAnne Bass said in a statement. "I am pleased we could make this important change for our women service members."
DC NATIONAL GUARD HEAD SAYS PENTAGON RESTRICTED HIS AUTHORITY BEFORE RIOT: Pentagon officials restricted the commander of D.C. National Guard's authorities ahead of the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol, the commander revealed.
Normally, a local commander would be able to make decisions on taking military action in an emergency when headquarters approval could take too much time.
But Maj. Gen. William Walker, the commanding general of the D.C. National Guard, told The Washington Post the Pentagon took that power away from him ahead of the Capitol riot, which meant he could not immediately deploy troops when the Capitol Police chief called asking for help as rioters were about to breach the building.
"All military commanders normally have immediate response authority to protect property, life, and in my case, federal functions - federal property and life," Walker told the Post. "But in this instance, I did not have that authority."
A delay: Instead, Walker needed approval from then-Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy and then-acting Defense Secretary Christopher Miller before deploying troops.
Asked how quickly guardsmen could have arrived at the Capitol, which is two miles from the D.C. National Guard's headquarters, without the higher-level approval, Walker told the Post, "With all deliberate speed - I mean, they're right down the street."
Why it happened: The restriction was placed on Walker after the Guard's heavy-handed and widely criticized response to racial justice protests over the summer. In June, hundreds of guardsmen from around the country poured into the nation's capital at former President Trump's request, despite objections from local authorities.
A National Guard helicopter also hovered low over protesters as a show of force, a move that drew widespread scrutiny and rebuke.
"After June, the authorities were pulled back up to the secretary of defense's office," McCarthy told The Post. "Any time we would employ troops and guardsmen in the city, you had to go through a rigorous process. As you recall, there were events in the summer that got a lot of attention, and that was part of this."
Authority returned: Authorities were pushed back down to Walker ahead of President Biden's inauguration, McCarthy added.
Blame game: The House Appropriations Committee was set to receive closed-door testimony Tuesday from McCarthy and Walker as it probes security failures that led to the Capitol riot.
Pentagon officials, local D.C. authorities and the Capitol Police have traded accusations about who is to blame for the Guard's slow response once rioters breached the Capitol. The Pentagon has said Capitol Police denied offers of Guard assistance in the days before the attack. A Pentagon timeline of events says it took roughly an hour and a half to approve the Guard's deployment on Jan. 6 after requests were made by Capitol Police and D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser (D).
Also under scrutiny in the Pentagon's response is the phone call in which then-Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund requested assistance. Sund previously told the Post that Army staff director Lt. Gen. Walter Piatt said on the call he didn't like the "visual" of the Guard policing the Capitol, a comment Piatt initially denied before backtracking last week.
Walker told the Post there was discussion of optics but said he could not attribute the comments to a particular person.
COLORADO DELEGATION WANTS BIDEN TO STOP SPACE COMMAND MOVE: Colorado lawmakers want President Biden to take another look at the Trump administration's "last-minute" decision earlier this month to move the new U.S. Space Command headquarters from Colorado Springs to Huntsville, Ala.
The state's entire congressional delegation argues that "significant evidence exists that the process was neither fair nor impartial and that President Trump's political considerations influenced the final decision," according to a letter sent to Biden on Tuesday.
The letter, organized by Sen. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), also requests that the new administration "suspend any actions to relocate the headquarters until you complete the review."
Earlier: The Air Force on Jan. 13 announced the new permanent headquarters of U.S. Space Command, responsible for America's military space forces, would be located at Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal.
Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado is the current provisional headquarters of the command until 2026.
Huntsville beat out 26 other locations after a two-year competition, including five other finalists: Peterson Air Force Base; Brevard County, Fla.; Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M.; Offutt Air Force Base, Neb.; and Port San Antonio, Texas.
Alabama lawmakers lauded the decision, made under the previous administration, though lawmakers from other states vying for the headquarters called the choice premature and rushed.
The argument for reversal: In the letter, the lawmakers complain that the Air Force's selection process lacked transparency in the data used to determine the best location for accommodating the command's personnel and their families.
"This prevented clear, public evaluation of the scoring criteria," they write. The gap in information raises concerns "about how the previous Administration rendered the final decision."
ON TAP FOR TOMORROW
NATO's Military Committee will hold its first meeting of 2021 with Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach, chairman of the Military Committee; Gen. Tod Wolters; Supreme Allied Commander Europe; and Gen. André Lanata. Opening remarks by Peach will be streamed live via the NATO website at 2:30 a.m.
Brookings Institution and George Washington's Mount Vernon will hold a virtual conference on "Leadership for a More Perfect Union," with Sen. Tim Kaine (D-Va.); Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan (R); Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor; former Secretary of State Colin Powell; and former Rep. Jane Harman (D-Calif.), at 12 p.m.
Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Charles Brown will speak at an Association of Old Crows virtual discussion at 1 p.m.
Brookings Institution will hold a virtual discussion on "Challenges for the Biden Administration: Addressing the Evolving Air and Missile Threat," with former Defense officials and experts at 2 p.m.
The Intelligence National Security Alliance will hold a virtual discussion with Vice Adm. Jeffrey Trussler, deputy chief of naval operations for information warfare in the Office of the Director of Naval Intelligence, on "the Navy's plans for strengthening its cybersecurity posture," at 4:30 p.m.
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-- The Hill: Bush, Obama-era officials urge Senate to swiftly confirm Biden's DHS pick
-- The Hill: Senate committee advances Biden's DHS pick despite Republican pushback
-- The Hill: Biden has first call with Putin as president
-- McClatchy: Congress asks Pentagon to restore military base construction funds from border wall
-- The Associated Press: Air Force veteran threatened family of congressman, journalist
-- Military Times: Guard response not to blame for deadly Capitol riot, former Army secretary testifies