Defense & National Security: US, allies hit Russia with sanctions
It’s Tuesday, welcome to Overnight Defense & National Security, your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. Subscribe here: thehill.com/newsletter-signup.
President Biden‘s strategy to confront Russian aggression toward Ukraine is being put to the test after he implemented coordinated sanctions that were developed over months of intensive diplomacy among allies and aimed at imposing punishing consequences on Moscow.
We’ll break down the financial penalties plus the details on additional U.S. troops being sent to Europe and what Washington, D.C. law enforcement agencies are asking of the Pentagon ahead of next week’s State of the Union address.
For The Hill, I’m Ellen Mitchell. Write to me with tips at firstname.lastname@example.org
Let’s get to it.
Biden makes moves to counter Russia’s
Biden on Tuesday called the move to sanction Russia the first set of significant measures taken in response to President Vladimir Putin’s decision a day earlier to recognize as independent, and aid militarily, breakaway regions in southeastern Ukraine.
“This is the beginning of a Russian invasion of Ukraine,” Biden said in remarks from the East Room of the White House. “I’m going to begin to impose sanctions … and if Russia goes further with this invasion, we stand prepared to go further.”
What he will impose: The president announced full-blocking sanctions on a Russian development corporation, VEB bank, and Russian state lender Promsvyazbank, as well as targeting Russian sovereign debt to cut Moscow off from Western financing. The Biden administration also announced sanctions on five prominent Russians with links to the Kremlin and their family members.
This followed an initial limited sanctions order Monday night that prohibits investment and trade in the breakaway territories, Donetsk and Luhansk — the separatist-held areas that Putin, in a move setting up justification for an invasion, recognized as independent.
Is it enough?: While administration officials insisted the sanctions were “severe,” some critics described them as insufficient. The measures did not include penalties such as kicking Russia out of the SWIFT international banking system, though Biden administration officials said that such a move was not off the table.
“Today’s sanctions are too little, too late,” Sen. Ben Sasse (R-Neb.) said in a statement immediately following Biden’s announcement.
Just the beginning: A senior Biden administration official warned that the U.S. is prepared to sanction other large Russian financial institutions, such as VTB Bank, if Moscow broadens its military invasion of Ukraine.
“This is the beginning of an invasion and this is the beginning of our response,” the official told reporters. “If Putin escalates further, we will escalate further.”
The White House has also threatened export controls that would prevent Russia from obtaining key U.S. technologies, and the official signaled those would be part of a later response to further Russian military aggression toward Ukraine.
Help from friends:The actions by the U.S. are buoyed by sanctions measures and other commitments announced by a host of allies and partners, including Germany, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Japan and Canada.
“At every step, we’ve shown the United States and our allies and partners are working in unison which he hasn’t been counting on — Mr. Putin,” the president said.
Biden orders more US troops to Eastern Europe
Biden also on Tuesday directed additional U.S. troops to NATO’s eastern flank as Russia moved a step closer toward a large-scale invasion of Ukraine.
“As Russia contemplates its next move, we have our next move prepared as well,” Biden told reporters at the White House. “Today, in response to Russia’s admission that it will not withdraw its forces from Belarus, I have authorized additional movements of U.S. forces and equipment already stationed in Europe to strengthen our Baltic allies, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.”
Those already there: Washington has already deployed or repositioned some 6,000 U.S. forces to Germany, Poland and Romania near the countries’ borders with Ukraine as Russia has gathered an estimated 190,000 troops near its border with the former Soviet country and in Belarus.
Where will they go?: A senior defense official told reporters later Tuesday that the extra forces will be comprised of airmen and ground troops that will move “to NATO’s northeastern and southeastern flanks in coming days and are expected to be in place later this week.”
The forces include an infantry battalion task force of approximately 800 personnel that will move from Italy to the Baltic region, up to eight F-35 fighter jets sent from Germany to “several operating locations along NATO’s eastern flank,” a battalion of 20 AH-64 Apache helicopters moved from Germany to the Baltic region and 12 Apache helicopters moving from Greece to Poland.
An ‘unmistakable message’: Biden said the effort was “totally defensive moves on our part” and the United States has “no intention of fighting Russia.”
“We want to send an unmistakable message that the United States together with our allies will defend every inch of NATO territory and abide by the commitments we made to NATO,” he said, adding that Washington will also continue to provide defensive assistance to Ukraine.
Read more of today’s coverage of the Russia-Ukraine conflict:
- Pentagon chief says Russia’s move into Ukraine is its ‘latest invasion’
- Psaki confirms Biden-Putin meeting off the table
- US troops in Poland setting up processing centers for Ukraine evacuees
- Biden describes Russia as eager to expand into Ukraine
Capitol Police ask Guard for help ahead of possible trucker protest
Washington, D.C., law enforcement agencies have asked the Pentagon for assistance ahead of Biden’s first State of the Union address next week, an event expected to coincide with truck convoy protests.
The U.S. Capitol Police and the D.C. Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency asked for D.C. National Guard personnel “to provide support at traffic control points in and around the District to help … address potential challenges stemming from possible disruptions at key traffic arteries,” Pentagon press secretary John Kirby said in a statement Tuesday.
Still deciding: Kirby said the Defense Department is “analyzing” the requests but “no decisions have been made yet” on whether to approve them.
What we know so far: Military Times was the first to report on the requests, with National Guard troops notified of a potential activation between Feb. 22 and March 7 or later, according to internal directives obtained by the outlet.
The guardsmen, if activated, would provide vehicles and personnel at “43 critical blocking positions 24/7,” Military Times reported.
Sounding the alarm: D.C. law enforcement agencies have said since last week that they have received reports of truck drivers potentially planning to block roads in major metropolitan cities in the United States in protest of, among other things, COVID-19 vaccine mandates. These plans follow similar protests and blockades formed by Canadian truck drivers in the past month.
“Law enforcement agencies across the National Capital Region are aware of plans for a series of truck convoys arriving in Washington, DC around the time of the State of the Union,” the U.S. Capitol Police said in a Feb. 18 statement. “The USCP is closely coordinating with local, state and federal law enforcement agencies, including DC’s Metropolitan Police Department, the United States Park Police, the United States Secret Service and other allied agencies to include the DC National Guard.”
ON TAP FOR TOMORROW
- The Atlantic Council will hold a talk on “Strengthening the Transatlantic Response to Russian Aggression,” at 8 a.m.
- The German Marshall Fund of the United States will discuss “Adapting NATO to an Age of Technological Innovation,” at 9 a.m.
- The Center for Strategic and International Studies will host a discussion on “What’s Next for the China-Russia Relationship?” at 10 a.m.
- The National Defense Industrial Association will hold its “Electronics Winter Division Meeting,” at 10 a.m.
- The Jewish Democratic Council of America will discuss “The Crisis in Ukraine,” with Rep. Tom Malinowski (D-N.J.), at 2 p.m.
WHAT WE’RE READING
- Two Blackhawk helicopters crash during Utah National Guard training
- Republican attorneys general call for DHS secretary’s resignation
- Blinken scraps meeting with top Russian diplomat over Ukraine
- Hungary sending troops close to Ukraine border
- Russia evacuating diplomats from Ukraine
- Airbnb aims to house 40K Afghan refugees after reaching original goal
- Romania prepared to accept 500K Ukrainian refugees, official says
- The Hill: Opinion: Putin has changed the world — and the US must adapt or lose
- The Hill: Opinion: Sanctions will hurt Russia, but they won’t deter Putin
Well, that’s it for today! Check out The Hill’s defense and national security pages for the latest coverage. See you Wednesday.