Global climate pact expected to take force this year

Global climate pact expected to take force this year

The Paris climate agreement reached last year is likely to take effect by the end of 2016, a report from the government of the Marshall Islands has concluded.

A tally by the Pacific island nation found that countries representing 54 percent of worldwide greenhouse gas emissions are planning to ratify the pact this year, including the United States, China and Peru.

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That’s just barely below the pact's threshold. The deal mandates that it take effect 30 days after emitters of 55 percent of the world's greenhouse gas sign on.

If it takes effect, it will be difficult for Republican Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpGOP senator introduces bill to hold online platforms liable for political bias Rubio responds to journalist who called it 'strange' to see him at Trump rally Rubio responds to journalist who called it 'strange' to see him at Trump rally MORE to undo if he becomes president.

“What we agreed in Paris at the end of last year will likely now have the force of the law by the end of this year,” Marshall Islands President Hilda Heine wrote in a statement about the report from her foreign ministry.

“This is a big recognition of the urgency with which we must now get on with the job.”

The other requirement for ratification is that at least 55 nations ratify it, a threshold that the Marshall Islands expects to be exceeded.

The agreement, reached in December, includes emissions cuts or limits that each country determined on its own, such as the United States’s pledge to reduce emissions 26 percent to 28 percent.

But the emissions cuts are not binding on the countries that sign onto the pact, so it is up their individual governments and international pressure to meet the goals.

Trump has pledged to pull the United States out of the Paris pact and to undo President Obama’s sweeping climate-change agenda, which was Obama’s plan for meeting the emissions cuts he promised.