The Interior Department is commissioning a fast-tracked study that will look at how a controversial plan to initiate oil and gas drilling in the Arctic could impact the environment.
The April 2018 contract signed between Interior and Colorado based Environmental Management and Planning Solutions, Inc, first reported on Thursday by The Washington Post, orders a nearly one year review of the impact of energy exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).
The more than $1.6 million dollar study aims to provide the department with answers as to how much drilling in the protected habitat will affect nearby species and water sources.
The document, released under a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to the Center for American Progress, shows a timeline that includes three months to conduct a scoping report on the impact of energy exploration in the region and a finalized lease sale notice to drillers by next summer.
Interior's contract follows the direction of a law passed last December that directed the agency to conduct two separate oil an gas lease sales in the coastal plain of ANWR by December 2024, ending more than four decades of heated debate on the matter.
"After decades and decades in this chamber, we are opening up a small non-wilderness area of the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge for responsible development. That is the most ambitious step we have taken in years to secure our own energy future,” House Speaker Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanJuan Williams: Pelosi shows her power Cheney takes shot at Trump: 'I like Republican presidents who win re-election' Cheney allies flock to her defense against Trump challenge MORE said at the time.
Most congressional Republicans hailed the idea of expanded drilling as a way to increase U.S. profits from royalty rates. The Interior Department under Secretary Ryan ZinkeRyan Keith ZinkeOvernight Energy & Environment — Biden makes return to pre-Trump national monument boundaries official Want to evaluate Donald Trump's judgment? Listen to Donald Trump The Hill's Morning Report - Biden launches blitz for jobs plan with 'thank you, Georgia' MORE has also championed increased oil and gas exploration, including a plan to expand offshore drilling, as a way to generate funding for a major construction backlog on National Park lands.
Environmentalist, however, have strongly opposed drilling in the arctic refugee, arguing that even oil exploration could harm species such as polar bears and caribou living on the nearly 19 million acre refuge.
Interior's review is perhaps most notable for the seemingly compressed timeline.
Former U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s regional director Geoffrey Haskett told the Post that such reviews on average take two to three years to conduct.
“The idea of imposing an arbitrary deadline like this is just horrific to me,” said Haskett. “I think they’re going to make mistakes because they’re moving so fast. They’re certainly not going to get much input on this.”
The Interior Department did not return a request for comment.