California delivers swift suit after Trump orders water diversion

The state of California sued the White House late Thursday after President TrumpDonald John TrumpDeSantis on Florida schools reopening: 'If you can do Walmart,' then 'we absolutely can do schools' NYT editorial board calls for the reopening of schools with help from federal government's 'checkbook' Mueller pens WaPo op-ed: Roger Stone 'remains a convicted felon, and rightly so' MORE ordered the state to reconfigure its water plan, funneling more water from the north to a thirsty agriculture industry and growing population further south.

California Attorney General Xavier BecerraXavier BecerraCalifornia to sue over new Trump student visa restrictions States say Education Department is illegally diverting pandemic relief to private schools Trump's use of Pentagon funds for US-Mexico border wall illegal, court rules MORE argued the administration violated the law by failing to consider a number of environmental impacts or giving an opportunity for the public to comment. 

“As we face the unprecedented threat of a climate emergency, now is the time to strengthen our planet’s biodiversity, not destroy it,” Becerra said in a statement. “California won’t silently spectate as the Trump Administration adopts scientifically-challenged biological opinions that push species to extinction and harm our natural resources and waterways.” 

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The suit was filed a little more than 24 hours after Trump signed the order in front of a crowd in Bakersfield, Calif., flanked by House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthyKevin Owen McCarthySupreme Court rulings reignite Trump oversight wars in Congress The Hill's Campaign Report: Florida's coronavirus surge raises questions about GOP convention McCarthy calls NY requests for Trump tax returns political MORE (R-Calif.) and Rep. Davin Nunes (R-Calif.).

The move was made possible after Trump ordered the Department of the Interior to redo biological assessments that for decades had blocked water diversion, finding that lower flows would hurt various types of fish.

Critics fear the new plan, which would allow large quantities of water to be diverted from the San Francisco Bay Delta to the Central Valley in order to irrigate farmland, would ultimately harm chinook salmon and the delta smelt, a finger-sized fish that for three decades has stood in the way of the diversion.

On Wednesday, Trump said the changes to the “outdated scientific research and biological opinions” would now help direct “as much water as possible, which will be a magnificent amount, a massive amount of water for the use of California farmers and ranchers.”

“A major obstacle to providing water for the region's farmers has now been totally eliminated by the federal government,” he said.

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Becerra listed off a host of reasons the new biological opinions from Interior don’t meet legal requirements, including that they ignore “the requirement that a biological opinion must consider not only the continued survival of listed species, but also their recovery.”

The new opinions didn’t include proper analysis of the effects of water diversion, he said, while improperly relying on other uncertain factors to argue the fish species would not be harmed. 

Trump’s order also violated the National Environmental Policy Act, the suit argues, “by failing to provide the public with a meaningful opportunity to comment” on the diversion. 

Interior Secretary David Bernhardt defended the work that went into crafting the new opinions as science-based and warned California about the road ahead.

"The governor and attorney general just launched a ship into a sea of unpredictable administrative and legal challenges regarding the most complex water operations in the country, something they have not chartered before," he said in a statement.

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"Litigation can lead to unpredictable twists and turns that can create significant challenges for the people of California who depend on the sound operation of these two important water projects.”

The suit is filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

--Updated at 10:19 a.m.