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Democrats slam EPA proposal not to tighten air quality standards

Democrats slam EPA proposal not to tighten air quality standards
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Democratic lawmakers and environmentalists are criticizing the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed decision to retain Obama-era air quality standards, saying the standards should be tightened. 

The EPA on Tuesday proposed keeping the maximum acceptable levels of both fine and coarse forms of a pollutant known as particulate matter, which has been linked to heart and lung issues, at Obama-era levels, despite worries from some agency staff members. 

A group of 18 senators wrote a letter to EPA Administrator Andrew WheelerAndrew WheelerEPA sued by environmental groups over Trump-era smog rule Environmental groups sue over federal permit for Virgin Islands refinery OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Court rules against fast-track of Trump EPA's 'secret science' rule | Bureau of Land Management exodus: Agency lost 87 percent of staff in Trump HQ relocation | GM commits to electric light duty fleet by 2035 MORE expressing concerns about the decision. 

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“Today, EPA announced its decision to maintain current national ambient air quality standards that EPA’s own scientists say fail to protect public health – and that research links with higher COVID-19 mortality,” they wrote. 

“The Environmental Protection Agency should be taking actions that will further protect health during this crisis, not put more Americans at risk,” the senators added. 

The letter was led by Sen. Maggie HassanMargaret (Maggie) HassanBiden signs supply chain order after 'positive' meeting with lawmakers Koch-backed group launches ads urging lawmakers to reject COVID-19 relief bill The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by The AIDS Institute - COVID-19 rescue bill a unity test for Dems MORE (D-N.H.), and its signatories include Sens. Bernie SandersBernie SandersKlain says Harris would not overrule parliamentarian on minimum wage increase Romney-Cotton, a Cancun cabbie and the minimum wage debate On The Money: Senate panels postpone Tanden meetings in negative sign | Biden signs supply chain order after 'positive' meeting with lawmakers MORE (I-Vt.), Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth WarrenBecerra says he wants to 'build on' ObamaCare when pressed on Medicare for All Yellen deputy Adeyemo on track for quick confirmation Menendez reintroduces corporate diversity bill MORE (D-Mass.) and Kamala HarrisKamala HarrisEmhoff reflects on interracial marriage case: Without this 'I would not be married to Kamala Harris' WHO: Coronavirus deaths down 20 percent worldwide last week Collins: Biden's .9T coronavirus package won't get any Senate GOP votes MORE (D-Calif.). 

The letter also referenced a recent Harvard study that linked greater exposure to fine particulate matter to a higher risk of dying from the coronavirus.

An EPA spokesperson told The Hill in a statement that the Harvard study has been "used to draw false conclusions" about the proposal and defended the agency's action. 

"By locking in the standards at the current level, the Trump Administration is once again reaffirming its commitment to protecting the health and safety of the American people, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic," the spokesperson said.

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Wheeler had noted Tuesday that the Harvard study had not yet been peer-reviewed and expressed skepticism about the timeline under which it was conducted. 

He also said he believed the current standards are “protective of public health” and will keep U.S. air clean.  

Wheeler has said that he expects the proposed standards to be finalized by December. 

Sen. Tom CarperThomas (Tom) Richard CarperTexas snowstorm wreaks havoc on state power grid The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by TikTok - Dems rest their case; verdict on Trump this weekend No signs of demand for witnesses in Trump trial MORE (D-Del.), who had signed on to the letter to Wheeler, also released his own statement saying that the agency is “choosing polluters over public health.”

“What should be painfully obvious to all of us right now is that the cost of protecting public health is far less than the cost of breathing polluted air,” said Carper, who is the top Democrat on the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. “This EPA is demonstrating a dangerous level of willful ignorance whose cost will be measured in people left unprotected and, ultimately, lives lost.”

House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone Jr. (D-N.J.) also criticized the proposal on Tuesday, saying in a statement that the decision not to strengthen the standards is “an insult, both to Americans and to all that EPA stands for.”

“In case the Administrator hasn’t noticed, we are in the depths of a pandemic — one which preys on those with respiratory illnesses, and which has shown to be even more dangerous and deadly for communities with long-term exposure to fine particle pollution,” he said. “Today’s announcement is a callous refusal to fulfill EPA’s duty to protect human health and the environment, and yet another failure of leadership from the Trump Administration. The health and lives of more Americans will be needlessly put at risk because of it.”

Obama-era EPA Administrator Gina McCarthyGina McCarthyThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by The AIDS Institute - Finger-pointing on Capitol riot; GOP balks at Biden relief plan US officially rejoins Paris climate agreement  OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Court nixes Trump move to open 10 million acres to mining | Treasury will reportedly add climate czar | Manchin pushes natural gas in letter to Biden  MORE, who now leads the Natural Resources Defense Council, also bashed the decision, saying that “this administration is passing up an opportunity to make the air cleaner for millions of Americans — choosing instead to do nothing.”

Many Republicans and industry groups praised the decision. 

“The United States is a world leader in growing our economy while simultaneously improving air quality,” said a statement from Rep. Rob BishopRobert (Rob) William BishopGOP's Westerman looks to take on Democrats on climate change House Republicans who didn't sign onto the Texas lawsuit OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Westerman tapped as top Republican on House Natural Resources Committee | McMorris Rodgers wins race for top GOP spot on Energy and Commerce | EPA joins conservative social network Parler MORE (R-Utah), the top Republican on the House Natural Resources Committee. “EPA’s decision to maintain the current National Particulate Matter Standards reflects this fact.”

The American Chemistry Council, a trade group representing chemical companies, similarly said in a statement that “with air quality improving, EPA’s decision will enable further environmental progress under the current standards and emissions controls.”

And Frank Macchiarola, the American Petroleum Institute’s senior vice president of policy, economics and regulatory affairs, said in a statement that the proposal “is a smart balance that will further reduce emissions and help protect public health while meeting America’s energy needs.”

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Assessments have linked long-term exposure to fine particulate matter to as many as 52,100 premature deaths and suggested that stricter standards could save thousands of lives. 

Particulate matter includes substances such as dust, dirt, soot and smoke and has been linked to heart and lung issues, according to the agency. 

Members of the EPA staff said in January that new evidence has been “calling into question” whether the standard for fine particulate matter is adequate.