House lawmakers: Aid to Palestinians at risk with ICC bid

The leaders of the House Foreign Affairs Committee are warning the United States could cut off aid to Palestinians if they don't back out of their bid to join the International Criminal Court (ICC). 

“The United States should not support direct economic assistance to the [Palestinian Authority] until it demonstrates a meaningful reversal of this destructive course and proves it can be a willing partner for peace,” the lawmakers wrote to Secretary of State John KerryJohn Forbes KerryDem Sen. Markey faces potential primary challenge in Massachusetts Judd Gregg: The dangers of the Bolton Doctrine Rubio asks Barr to investigate Kerry over Iran meetings MORE last week in a letter made public Tuesday. 

The Palestinian Authority [PA] will formally join the ICC on April 1, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said recently. Earlier this month, an ICC prosecutor opened a preliminary investigation into possible war crimes committed by Israel during the war in Gaza last summer. 

“This development is deeply troubling,” the letter said.

ADVERTISEMENT

The State Department, the lawmakers said, are in the process of conducting a review of U.S. aid to the Palestinians because of their latest actions. A law passed by Congress in December, as part of a government spending bill, states that, if the Palestinians initiate action against Israel at the court, the State Department would have to restrict U.S. aid to the Palestinian Authority.

The letter was signed by House Foreign Affairs Chairman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) and ranking member Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.) as well as Reps. Ted PoeLloyd (Ted) Theodore PoeTexas New Members 2019 Cook shifts two House GOP seats closer to Dem column Five races to watch in the Texas runoffs MORE (R-Texas), William Keating (D-Mass.), Matt SalmonMatthew (Matt) James SalmonArizona voters like Kyl but few think he'll stick around Former Sen. Jon Kyl to replace McCain in Senate Arizona governor faces pressure over McCain replacement MORE (R-Ariz.), Brad Sherman (D-Calif.), Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.), Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.), Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.), Ted Deutch (D-Fla.), Jeff Duncan (R-S.C.), Albio Sires (D-N.J.) and Chris Smith (R-N.J.).

The bipartisan group is among a growing number of lawmakers warning the Palestinians the U.S. could halt economic assistance. During a recent trip to Israel, Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamTensions swirl around Iran as administration to brief Congress Press: Justin Amash breaks ranks with party Overnight Defense: Iran tensions swirl as officials prepare to brief Congress | Trump threatens war would be 'end of Iran' | Graham tells Trump to 'stand firm' | Budget talks begin MORE (R-S.C.) warned the PA the aid would be cut if it successfully files a lawsuit against Israel at the ICC.

Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulHouse Freedom Caucus votes to condemn Amash's impeachment comments Bolton emerges as flashpoint in GOP debate on Iran US ambassador to Germany ruffles State Department with budget stand MORE (R-Ky.), a likely 2016 presidential contender, has also introduced legislation that would cut off aid until the Palestinians withdraw their ICC bid.

A top Palestinian diplomat has been lobbying pro-Israel lawmakers that cutting off aid would ultimately backfire and harm U.S. national security.

An upcoming trip for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to Washington in March, however, could heat up the debate even further on Capitol Hill. Netanyahu is expected to address Congress — less than a month before the PA joins the ICC — on the dangers of a nuclear deal with Iran. 

Israel has already frozen a monthly transfer of roughly $120 million in tax revenue it collects on behalf of the PA. The U.S. provides about $400 million each year to the Palestinian Authority.