Dems highlight NYT article on Trump's business losses in 'tax gap' hearing

Dems highlight NYT article on Trump's business losses in 'tax gap' hearing
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Democrats at a hearing on Thursday raised questions about the fairness of the tax system by highlighting a recent New York Times article on President TrumpDonald John TrumpTrump says his advice to impeachment defense team is 'just be honest' Trump expands tariffs on steel and aluminum imports CNN's Axelrod says impeachment didn't come up until 80 minutes into focus group MORE's business losses.

During a House Ways and Means Committee hearing about the "tax gap" — the difference between the amount of taxes owed and those paid on time — Democrats asked current and former IRS officials about the article, which said Trump’s tax papers show that he reported more than $1 billion in business losses from 1985 to 1994 and only paid income taxes in two of those years.

Rep. Mike ThompsonCharles (Mike) Michael ThompsonPelosi digs in on impeachment rules fight House votes to temporarily repeal Trump SALT deduction cap On The Money: Pelosi, Trump tout deal on new NAFTA | McConnell says no trade vote until impeachment trial wraps up | Lawmakers push spending deadline to Thursday MORE (D-Calif.) asked a witness if the tax system is fair given the Times article.

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Benjamin Herndon, chief research and analytics officer at the IRS, said he hasn’t seen data to assess the accuracy of the findings in the article, but said that maintaining a fair tax system is a “huge priority” for the IRS and its commissioner, Charles Rettig.

Trump responded to the article's publication by saying on Twitter that “you always wanted to show losses for tax purposes....almost all real estate developers did — and often re-negotiate with banks, it was sport.”

“What words from the president, when we want confidence in our tax system, to declare it ‘sport’ to underreport, to dodge your taxes,” said Rep. Lloyd DoggettLloyd Alton DoggettGreen says House shouldn't hold impeachment articles indefinitely Appeals court strikes ObamaCare mandate, sends case back to lower court House passes sweeping Pelosi bill to lower drug prices MORE (D-Texas) at Thursday's hearing.

Rep. Ron KindRonald (Ron) James KindTreasury watchdog to investigate Trump opportunity zone program How the 31 Democrats in Trump districts voted on impeachment Nearly all Democrats expected to back articles of impeachment MORE (D-Wis.) asked if there are red flags that the IRS looks for when a taxpayer reports multiple years of large business losses.

Kenneth Wood, a former IRS attorney, said it “happens all the time” that corporations would not pay taxes for several years because they have losses they can carry forward from previous years.

Kind also asked if there are any problems with tax preferences for real estate developers that Congress should examine.

“Sure there are,” Wood replied, noting that the tax code is very complex.

Rep. Bill PascrellWilliam (Bill) James PascrellHouse Democrat presses Pentagon after Trump downplays severity of US troop injuries in Iran attack House approves Trump's USMCA trade deal amid shadow of impeachment A solemn impeachment day on Capitol Hill MORE (D-N.J.) said that Trump “may not have paid taxes he owed” since the president appears to have deducted losses from borrowed money and that he didn’t pay taxes on loan amounts that weren't repaid.

The New Jersey Democrat predicted that if Trump did avoid taxes on unreported income, “Mr. Trump’s base is going to be very angry when they find out that, yeah, they probably have been had.”

“We are paying our fair share, and other people are not,” Pascrell added.

He also criticized the Trump administration for rejecting Democrats’ request for Trump’s tax returns from 2013 to 2018.

“Mr. Trump and his Treasury secretary are stonewalling us, defying the Congress of the United States,” Pascrell said.

Democrats and Republicans at the hearing also debated whether the IRS should receive more funding in order to help close the tax gap. The IRS estimated in 2016 that the average annual tax gap between 2008 and 2010 was $458 billion, adding that an updated estimate is expected in the near future.

Democrats are supportive of boosting the IRS’s budget. They criticized Republicans for significantly cutting the agency’s budget in the early part of this decade.

“We need more resources for the IRS to go after people in doing audits and encouraging voluntary compliance,” said Rep. Tom Suozzi (D-N.Y.).

Witnesses at the hearing said the IRS would benefit from having more resources. J. Russell George, the Treasury inspector general for tax administration, said the IRS had 1,600 fewer revenue officers in 2017 than it did in 2010, and each officer can bring in about $2 million.

That means that the IRS is collecting more than $3 billion less annually due to the staffing decline, George said.

“That’s striking,” he added.

The top Republican on the Ways and Means Committee, Rep. Kevin BradyKevin Patrick BradyConservative groups aim to sink bipartisan fix to 'surprise' medical bills Trump economic aide says new tax proposal could be unveiled this summer Hoyer: Democratic chairmen trying to bridge divide on surprise medical bills MORE (R-Texas), criticized the argument that the GOP gutted the IRS, saying cuts were made only when compared to the agency’s all-time peak funding level. He said the agency should focus on using its resources more efficiently.

"Before we discuss funding, let’s take a look at the IRS’s current standing,” Brady said. “The agency does need to continue to show us that it is capable of effectively managing its existing funds.”