Dems face internal battle over budget

Democrats are bracing for an internal battle as the House Budget Committee starts cobbling together its budget for 2020, a blueprint that’s expected to put the party's progressive wing at odds with its moderates.

The more liberal side of the Democratic Caucus wants the budget resolution to showcase a broad array of its policy initiatives, including elements of the "Green New Deal" and “Medicare for all.”

But moderate Democrats who won in districts that voted for President TrumpDonald John TrumpClinton and Ocasio-Cortez joke about Kushner's alleged use of WhatsApp Missouri Gov. declares state of emergency amid severe flooding Swalwell on Hicks testimony: 'She's going to have to tell us who she lied for' in Trump admin MORE in 2016 are concerned about signing onto those policies, and the political consequences of backing a budget that endorses them. Blue Dog Democrats, for example, prioritize reining in the nation’s exploding debt and will have to worry about voting for a budget that would lead to a $1 trillion deficit.

“Doing a budget resolution that can get 218 votes is going to be a difficult task for us, I don’t think there’s any question about that," said House Budget Committee Chairman John YarmuthJohn Allen YarmuthThe politics and practicalities of impeachment Progressives seek defense freeze in budget talks On The Money: Wells Fargo chief gets grilling | GOP, Pence discuss plan to defeat Dem emergency resolution | House chair sees '50-50' chance of passing Dem budget | Trump faces pressure over Boeing MORE (D-Ky.).

"We can only lose 17 votes, and if we don’t include a lot of the progressives’ priorities then we’ll lose a lot of them; if we spend too much money, we’ll lose some from the other side,” he added. “It’s not going to be easy.”

Democrats say they broadly agree about addressing problems like climate change, health care, infrastructure and immigration. Where they differ is the scale of the solution.

“A lot of what we have to do is do ‘more,’ ” said Rep. Pramila JayapalPramila JayapalOn The Money: Trump issues emergency order grounding Boeing 737 Max jets | Senate talks over emergency resolution collapse | Progressives seek defense freeze in budget talks Progressives seek defense freeze in budget talks House Dems reintroduce the Dream Act MORE (D-Wash.), who co-chairs the Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC). “It’s not that we’re opposing [policies], necessarily, though in some cases we do oppose. A lot of it is we need more of something.”

Health care is a key example. At the request of the CPC, Yarmuth has agreed to hold hearings on Medicare for all in the spring. He is also planning hearings on the economic cost of climate change.

Even if the 2020 budget doesn’t include Medicare for all in its entirety, progressives want it to carve out a path forward.

“The best push is to show the unstoppable momentum around this,” Jayapal said.

The budget resolution is a nonbinding document that sets spending levels and is used as a statement of policy goals.

A brief look at the Democratic 2020 presidential candidates shows that Medicare for all is far from the consensus party position.

While candidates such as Sens. Bernie SandersBernard (Bernie) SandersMichael Bennet 'encouraged' in possible presidential bid: report House Dems unveil measure to reject anti-Israel boycotts Bannon says an O'Rourke-Harris ticket poses the greatest threat to Trump in 2020 MORE (I-Vt.), Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenOn The Money: Trump rolls dice on uncertain economy | 737 crisis tests Boeing's clout in Washington | Watchdog group pushes 2020 candidates for 10 years of tax returns House Dems unveil measure to reject anti-Israel boycotts Bannon says an O'Rourke-Harris ticket poses the greatest threat to Trump in 2020 MORE (D-Mass.) and Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisMichael Bennet 'encouraged' in possible presidential bid: report House Dems unveil measure to reject anti-Israel boycotts Strategist says Trump is 'retreating' from talking about foreign policy MORE (D-Calif.) are behind some version of the plan, moderates like Sen. Amy KlobucharAmy Jean KlobucharHarris's stepkids call her 'Momala' Sanders joins striking workers at UCLA in first 2020 California visit Lawmakers urge tech to root out extremism after New Zealand MORE (D-Minn.) and possible contender Sen. Sherrod BrownSherrod Campbell BrownWarren, Klobuchar call on FTC to curtail use of non-compete clauses The Hill's Morning Report - Trump, Dems put manufacturing sector in 2020 spotlight Trump faces political risks in fight over GM plant MORE (D-Ohio) are skeptical of the plan that’s a form of single-payer.

The same is true of the Green New Deal, a comprehensive proposal that sets dramatic goals to eliminate U.S. carbon emissions by 2030. The measure has varying levels of support within the party, but progressives could push to include some of its components in the budget resolution.

“I think what we try to do is make everything as progressive as possible in the Democratic budget,” said Jayapal.

But those aren’t the only issues on progressives’ wish list.

When asked about his budget priorities, Rep. Raúl Grijalva (D-Ariz.), who co-chaired the CPC in the previous Congress, rattled off several issues.

“Education, health care, and rebuilding what has already been cut around public lands and waters,” he said.

Rep. Ro KhannaRohit (Ro) KhannaOvernight Defense: Senate breaks with Trump on Yemen war | Shanahan hit with ethics complaint over Boeing ties | Pentagon rolls out order to implement transgender ban | Dem chair throws cold water on Space Force budget Senate breaks with Trump on Saudi-led war in Yemen Dem lawmakers unveil Journalist Protection Act amid Trump attacks on media MORE (D-Calif.), a CPC leader and member of the Budget Committee, mentioned wanting $80 billion to expand high-speed internet, $40 billion for vocational training programs and a massive infrastructure plan.

“The trillion-dollar infrastructure bill, that would create jobs,” he said.

Some of those policies, and dollar amounts, spell trouble for the moderate wing of the party, including the slew of freshmen who won in red districts, helping sweep Democrats back into the majority.

Rep. Conor Lamb (D-Pa.) is among the lawmakers who won in a tough race by campaigning on fixing ObamaCare instead of talking about Medicare for all, as well as avoiding support for liberal priorities like a $15 minimum wage.

One of the central concerns tying moderates together on policy is issues of cost, a rallying cry for the 27 Blue Dog Democrats.

“We all agree that infrastructure, climate change, and health care are among the most urgent problems that need to be addressed — and we will have a healthy debate on how to create bipartisan solutions that can be implemented in this era of divided government,” said Rep. Lou CorreaJose (Lou) Luis CorreaRep. Beyer: What I learned In Central America Dems face internal battle over budget Progressives say Congress must reject funding for more ICE agents MORE (D-Calif.), a co-chair of the coalition. “We need to address all of these issues in a fiscally responsible way that recognizes our nation’s unprecedented level of debt.”

Some progressives acknowledge that price tags could be problematic. One study estimated that Medicare for all could cost as much as $32 trillion.

“We’re beginning to look at real discussions about, budgetarily, what it means when we talk about Medicare for all,” Grijalva said. “I think at some point we’re going to have a vote on that, and it would probably be good to at least know what those figures are.”

There are other pressures on spending as well.

The White House plans on asking for a $75 billion increase in defense spending, though it plans to ask for most of that money to be allocated outside budget caps. That would leave Democrats searching for a different formula than the one they have been using in recent budget talks, where they have sought parity between increases in defense and nondefense caps.

Yarmuth said that with the GOP’s 2017 tax cuts baked in, the budget resolution will not be able to set a path toward a balanced budget in 10 years, a common goal when drafting the document.

“We’re going to try to get the deficit down, but there’s no way we can get to balance in a 10-year window,” he said. “I think most of us in the caucus are committed to making sure it doesn’t get worse. So that’s step one: quit digging.”

But progressives like Jayapal say that while party unity is important, they intend to push their agenda forcefully.

She also said she would consider withholding votes from a budget that doesn’t fulfill progressive priorities.

“Why would we give away all our leverage now by saying ‘absolutely not, no?’ ” she said.